organic gardening - no-till gardening - introduction

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  • 8/9/2019 Organic Gardening - No-Till Gardening - Introduction

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    No-Till Gardening

    A Mulch System for Growing JustAbout Everything

    NOFA-VT Winter Conference 2009

    Wendy Sue Harper, Ph.D.

    Vegetable and Fruit TA AdvisorNortheast Organic Farming Association of

    Vermont

    www.nofavt.org

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    Todays Session

    No-Till Gardening

    Straw Mulched Systems Pebble Mulched Systems

    Bark Mulched Systems Cover Crops

    How the can fit into a no-till gardening system.

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    ToolsNeeded

    WSH

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    No-Till Gardening: Using

    Straw Mulch

    WSH

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    No-Till Gardening: Straw Mulch

    Clear Off MulchFor Direct Seeded

    Warm Season

    Crops Until TheyGerminate

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    No-Till Gardening: Straw Mulch

    Direct Seeded CoolSeason Crops Only

    Need a Furrow

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    No-Till Gardening: Straw Mulch

    Direct Seeded Crops and

    Sets Require A ThinnerLayer of Mulch

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    No-Till Gardening: Straw Mulch

    Cool Season

    Transplants Can

    be MulchedImmediately

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    No-Till Gardening: Straw Mulch

    Warm Season

    Transplants Should

    be Mulched Beforethe First Rain To

    Prevent Soil Splash

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    No-Till Gardening: Straw Mulch

    Perennial Plants Canbe Kept in Mulch

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    N Till G d i U i

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    No-Till Gardening: Using

    Pebble Mulch

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    Cranberries in Pebble Mulch

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    No-Till Gardening: Using

    Pebble Mulch

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    N Till G d i U i

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    No-Till Gardening: Using

    Bark Mulch for Ornamentals

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    Flowers: Bark Mulch

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    Orchard Crops: Bark Mulch

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    Cover Crops in No-Till Gardening?

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    C C Q liti f N Till

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    Cover Crops Qualities for No-Till

    Gardening Cover Crops Uses

    Cover crops, green manures, and catch crops

    Some Types

    Legumes: clovers, field peas, vetch, etc. Grasses: winter rye, oats, annual rye, etc

    Others: buckwheat, mustards, sorghum-sudangrass

    Winter Survival

    Winter-killed: buckwheat, oats, sorghum-sudangrass Should winter-kill: annual rye

    Survives winter: winter rye, perennial ryegrass, hairy vetch,white clover, winter wheat

    Will Re-grow after Cutting Can be cut repeatedly: annual rye, rye, vetch

    Can be cut at some stages: oats, buckwheat,

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    Cover Crop Seeds

    Winter Rye-Vetch Mix

    Annual Ryegrass

    Oats

    Buckwheat

    Survives Winter

    Should NOT Survive Winter

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    Cover Crops in No-Till Gardening

    Serial planting after onions

    Rye-VetchAnnual Ryegrass

    Buckwheat

    Oats

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    Cover Crops in No-Till Gardening

    Rye-Vetch Annual Ryegrass

    Biomass Production

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    Cover Crops in No-Till Gardening

    Buckwheat and Oats BiomassPast Cutting

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    Cover Crops in No-Till Gardening

    Before and

    After Cutting

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    Cover Crops in No-Till Gardening

    Final Cutting

    Annual Ryegrass

    Oats

    Buckwheat

    Rye-Vetch

    WSH

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    Questions on Mulch Gardening and

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    Questions on Mulch Gardening and

    Cover Crops?

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    Resources Start with the Soil. G. Gershuny.1993. Rodale

    Press.

    The Rodale Book of Composting. D.L. Martin &G. Gershuny. 1992. Rodale Press.

    Managing Cover Crops Profitably. SAN. 2007.

    Manage Insects on your Farm: a guide toecological strategies. M.A. Altieri and C.I.Nicholls with M.A. Fritz, 2005. SAN.

    Farmscaping to Enhance Biological Control

    R.Dufour. ATTRA. 2000. ATTRA: (Many Topics)