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  • FINAL REPORT

    Secure Automated Microgrid Energy System (SAMES)

    ESTCP Project EW-201340

    DECEMBER 2016

    Kevin Meagher Power Analytics Corporation

    Distribution Statement A

    This document has been cleared for public release

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  • This report was prepared under contract to the Department of Defense Environmental Security Technology Certification Program (ESTCP). The publication of this report does not indicate endorsement by the Department of Defense, nor should the contents be construed as reflecting the official policy or position of the Department of Defense. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the Department of Defense.

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  • REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE Form Approved

    OMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing this collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden to Department of Defense, Washington Headquarters Services, Directorate for Information Operations and Reports (0704-0188), 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington, VA 22202-4302. Respondents should be aware that notwithstanding any other provision of law, no person shall be subject to any penalty for failing to comply with a collection of information if it does not display a currently valid OMB control number. PLEASE DO NOT RETURN YOUR FORM TO THE ABOVE ADDRESS. 1. REPORT DATE (DD-MM-YYYY) 04-20-2017

    2. REPORT TYPE Final Technical Report

    3. DATES COVERED (From - To) 07/2013-04/2017

    4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE

    5a. CONTRACT NUMBER

    Secure Automated Microgrid Energy System (SAMES)

    5b. GRANT NUMBER

    5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER

    6. AUTHOR(S)

    5d. PROJECT NUMBER EW-201340

    5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES)

    Power Analytics 9208 Falls of Neuse Rd #215 Raleigh, NC 27615

    8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER

    9. SPONSORING / MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSOR/MONITORS ACRONYM(S)

    Environmental Security Technology Certification Program 4800 Mark Center Drive, Suite 17D03 Alexandria, VA 22350

    ESTCP 11. SPONSOR/MONITORS REPORT NUMBER(S) EW-201340

    12. DISTRIBUTION / AVAILABILITY STATEMENT Unlimited

    13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES

    14. ABSTRACT The sound bite: The objective of SAMES is the creation and operation of a secure microgrid cluster. The cluster maximizes energy security and efficiency at the lowest possible operating cost. The microgrids are at three geographically separated naval bases in San Diego, with their monitoring and control combined in an enterprise-level system at the Naval Base San Diego Utility and Energy Operations Center. 15. SUBJECT TERMS

    16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF:

    17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT

    18. NUMBER OF PAGES

    19a. NAME OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON Stephen C. Knapp

    a. REPORT U

    b. ABSTRACT U

    c. THIS PAGE U

    U 101

    19b. TELEPHONE NUMBER (include area code) (919) 719-1753 Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98)

    Prescribed by ANSI Std. Z39.18

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  • i

    FINAL REPORT Project: EW-201340

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Page

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ...................................................................................................... ES-1 1.0 MICROGRID CLUSTER INTRODUCTION ....................................................................... 1

    1.1 BACKGROUND .......................................................................................................... 1 1.2 OBJECTIVES OF THE DEMONSTRATION ............................................................. 2 1.3 REGULATORY DRIVERS ......................................................................................... 2

    1.3.1 Executive Order 13514 of October 2009...................................................................... 2 1.3.2 Executive Order 13423 of January 2007 ...................................................................... 3 1.3.3 SECNAV Instruction 4101.3 ........................................................................................ 3 1.3.4 Department of the Navy Smart Power Partnership Initiative (SPPI) ........................... 5

    2.0 TECHNOLOGY DESCRIPTION ......................................................................................... 7 2.1 TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT ............................................................................. 7 2.2 ADVANTAGES AND LIMITATIONS OF THE TECHNOLOGY .......................... 12

    2.2.1 Cost Advantages ......................................................................................................... 12 2.2.2 Performance Limitations ............................................................................................ 12 2.2.3 Cost Limitations ......................................................................................................... 13 2.2.4 Social Acceptance ...................................................................................................... 13 2.2.5 Comparison to Existing Technology .......................................................................... 13

    3.0 PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES ....................................................................................... 15 3.1 QUANTITATIVE PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES ................................................ 17

    3.1.1 Use Case A: Operating the Microgrid While Connected to the Utility ...................... 17 3.1.2 Use Case B: Separating the Microgrid from the Utility ............................................. 18 3.1.3 Use Case C: Operating the Microgrid while Separated from the Utility .................... 19 3.1.4 Use Case D: Connecting the Microgrid to the Utility ................................................ 20 3.1.5 Performance Objective Area 1: Critical Event or Demand Reduction Event ............ 21 3.1.6 Performance Objective Area 2: Non-critical microgrid energy management ............ 21 3.1.7 Performance Objective Area 3: Peak Shedding ......................................................... 21 3.1.8 Performance Objective Area 4: Data Collection during testing period ...................... 21 3.1.9 Performance Objective Area 5: Microgrid Uptime .................................................... 21 3.1.10 Performance Objective Area 6: Island Operations .................................................... 21

    4.0 SITE/FACILITY DESCRIPTION ....................................................................................... 23 4.1 SITE/FACILITY LOCATION & OPERATIONS ..................................................... 23

    4.1.1 Naval Base San Diego, San Diego, CA ...................................................................... 23 4.1.2 Naval Base Coronado, San Diego, CA ....................................................................... 24 4.1.3 Naval Base Point Loma, San Diego, CA .................................................................... 24

    4.2 SITE/FACILITY IMPLEMENTATION CRITERIA ................................................. 25

  • TABLE OF CONTENTS (Continued)

    Page

    ii

    4.2.1 Site-Related Permits & Regulations ........................................................................... 25 5.0 TEST DESIGN & ISSUE RESOLUTION .......................................................................... 27

    5.1 CONCEPTUAL EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN ........................................................... 27 5.1.1 Study Hypothesis ........................................................................................................ 27

    5.2 BASELINE CHARACTERIZATION ........................................................................ 29 5.2.1 Baseline & Operational Data Collection .................................................................... 29

    5.3 SAMPLING METHODS & PROTOCOL.................................................................. 30 5.3.1 Data Description ......................................................................................................... 30 5.3.2 Data Collectors ........................................................................................................... 31

    5.4 SAMPLING RESULTS .............................................................................................. 31 5.4.1 Scenarios & Relevant Time-Series Analysis .............................................................. 31 5.4.2 Equations Used: .......................................................................................................... 44

    5.5 NAVAL BASE SCENARIOS: ................................................................................... 44 5.5.1 Scenario 1: .................................................................................................................. 44 5.5.2 Scenario 2: .................................................................................................................. 47 5.5.3 Scenario 3: .................................................................................................................. 51 5.5.4 Scenario 4: ............................................................

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