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  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

    FE 537FE 537: : HillslopeHillslope and and Watershed HydrologyWatershed Hydrology

    Taught by:

    Jeff McDonnell Dept. of Forest Engineering

    Oregon State University

    Fall 2007

    Course delivered to:

    Course development funded by:

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

    This lectureThis lecture

    What are the main questions that this What are the main questions that this course will address?course will address? IntroductionsIntroductions Grading, readings, project and other class Grading, readings, project and other class

    businessbusiness This course in the context of water This course in the context of water resource issues locally, nationally and resource issues locally, nationally and internationallyinternationally

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

    This course addresses 3 basic questionsThis course addresses 3 basic questions

    Where does water Where does water go when it rains?go when it rains? How long does it How long does it

    reside in the reside in the catchmentcatchment?? What What flowpathflowpath

    does the water take does the water take to the stream?to the stream?

    Kevin McGuire

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

    “It may seem as though a great deal is known about how, and from where, water gets from rainfall through hillslopes into streams, at least for some areas. There are, however, still major difficulties when we try either to particularize or generalize from our present knowledge”

    Andy Pearce, 1990 (Water Resources Research, p. 3046)

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

    Why such a class?Why such a class?

    http://hydrology.pnl.gov/forest.asp

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

    Why the need Why the need for this process for this process understanding?understanding?

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

    Traditional watershed hydrologyTraditional watershed hydrology

    Gordon Grant

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

    http://www.mdbc.gov.au/education/basinkids/kidsencyclopaedia/salinity.htm

    New problems that watershed hydrologists are tackling

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University Uhlenbrook, McDonnell and Leibundgut, 2001

    We will open the black box of hillslope and catchment processes…

    …we’ll search for macroscale laws…..

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

    HillslopesHillslopes are a fundamental landscape are a fundamental landscape unitunit

    Photo by Jim Kirchner, UC Berkeley

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

    WeWe’’ll explore how ll explore how hillslopeshillslopes filter filter rainfall inputs to watershedsrainfall inputs to watersheds

    Time (Julian Days)

    Fl ow

    (L /s

    )

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

    WeWe’’ll counter this ideall counter this idea

    Jan Hopmans, UC Davis

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University From Kirkby, 1979

    With this oneWith this one

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University K

    urt R oth, U

    niversity H eidelberg, G

    erm any

    0.01 m 1 m

    M arkus W

    eiler, U B

    C

    100 m

    10,000 m

    Jim Kirchner, UC Berkeley

    Markus Weiler, UBCWeiler and McDonnell, WRR in review

    …….and we.and we’’ll find a multill find a multi--scale, complex system scale, complex system with nonwith non--linear network behavior at all scaleslinear network behavior at all scales

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

    The The hillslopehillslope hydrology grand hydrology grand challengechallenge

    Sivapalan, 2006 Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sci.

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

    What we need to know (but do not with today’s process understanding)

    Takahiro Sayama, used with permission

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

    Course detailsCourse details

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

    IntroductionsIntroductions

    Me (see web page)Me (see web page) http://http://www.cof.orst.edu/cof/fe/watershdwww.cof.orst.edu/cof/fe/watershd

    You (self introductions)You (self introductions) Who you areWho you are Your backgroundYour background What you are now studyingWhat you are now studying

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

    AcknowledgementsAcknowledgements some of the some of the recent OSU PhDs and Post Docs whose ideas have recent OSU PhDs and Post Docs whose ideas have

    contributed to this coursecontributed to this course

    Fabrizio Fabrizio FeneciaFenecia, TU Delft, TU Delft Nick Hjerdt, now Swedish Agricultural UniversityNick Hjerdt, now Swedish Agricultural University April James, NC State UniversityApril James, NC State University Mario Martina, now University of Bologna Mario Martina, now University of Bologna Brian McGlynn, now Montana State UniversityBrian McGlynn, now Montana State University Kevin McGuire, now Plymouth State UniversityKevin McGuire, now Plymouth State University Jan Seibert, now Stockholm UniversityJan Seibert, now Stockholm University Ilja Tromp van Meerveld, now Simon Fraser UniversityIlja Tromp van Meerveld, now Simon Fraser University Taro Uchida, now Japan Ministry of WorksTaro Uchida, now Japan Ministry of Works Kellie Vache, now Giessen UniversityKellie Vache, now Giessen University Willem Willem vanVerseveldvanVerseveld, now Lippmann Institute, now Lippmann Institute Markus Weiler, now University of British ColumbiaMarkus Weiler, now University of British Columbia

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

    Labs this termLabs this term

    Chris Graham, PhD StudentChris Graham, PhD Student Plot Scale (Oct 11)Plot Scale (Oct 11)

    Luisa Hopp, Post DocLuisa Hopp, Post Doc HillslopeHillslope Scale (Nov 1)Scale (Nov 1)

    Takahiro Sayama, Post DocTakahiro Sayama, Post Doc CatchmentCatchment Scale (Nov 15)Scale (Nov 15)

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

    Virtual lectures….if you ever suffer from insomnia

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

    Course StructureCourse Structure

    PowerpointPowerpoint lectureslectures Interactive question and answer as much Interactive question and answer as much

    as possibleas possible Please interruptPlease interrupt and ask questions and ask questions

    whenever something is unclear or you whenever something is unclear or you would like to add a commentwould like to add a comment——this will add this will add greatly to the learning experience for greatly to the learning experience for everyone!everyone!

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

    Good basic materialGood basic material

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

    Advanced materialAdvanced material

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

    Journals you should consultJournals you should consult

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

    A good book A good book to consult if to consult if you are new you are new

    to the areato the area

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

    The Tarboton web moduleThe Tarboton web module for those without a hydro backgroundfor those without a hydro background

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

    The new Encyclopedia of Hydrological The new Encyclopedia of Hydrological SciencesSciences

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

    Course TextCourse Text

  • FE 537

    Oregon State University

    Benchmark PapersBenchmark Papers

    Horton, RE, 1933, The role of infiltration in the hydrological cHorton, RE, 1933, The role of infiltration in the hydrological cycleycle, , Trans. Amer. Trans. Amer. GeophysGeophys. Un.,. Un., 14, 44614, 446--460.**460.** Horton, RE, 1936, Maximum groundwater levels, Horton, RE, 1936, Maximum groundwater levels, Trans. Amer. Trans. Amer. GeophysGeophys. Un.,. Un., 17(2), 34417(2), 344--357.357. Hoover, MD and Hoover, MD and HurshHursh, CR, 1943, Influence of topography and soil, CR, 1943, Influence of topography and soil-- depth on runoff from forest land, depth on runoff from forest land, Trans. Amer. Trans. Amer. GeophysGeophys. Un.. Un., 24, , 24, 693693--697697 CappusCappus, P, 1960, Bassin versant exp, P, 1960, Bassin versant expéérimental drimental d’’AlranceAlrance: : éétudes des tudes des lois de llois de l’é’écoulement. Application au calcul et coulement. Application au calcul et àà la prla préévision des dvision des déébits. bits. La Houille BlancheLa Houille Blanche A. 493A. 493--520.520. Tsukamoto, Y., 1961, An experiment on subsurface flow, Tsukamoto, Y., 1961, An experiment on subsurface flow, J. Japanese J. Japanese Soc. ForestrySoc. Forestry, 45, 186, 45, 186--190.190. Hewlett, JD and Hewlett, JD and HibbertHibbert, AR, 1963, Moisture and energy conditions , AR, 1963, Moisture and energy conditions within a sloping soil mass during drainage, within a sloping soil mass during drainage, J. J. GeophysGeophys. Res.. Res., 68, , 68, 10811081--108

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