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  • English-TranslationMachine Translation

    Presenter-Amit Amola

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  • Machine Translation

    Machine translation is a sub-field of computational linguistics that investigates the use of software to translate text or speech from one natural language to another.

    Given enough data, machine translation programs often work well enough for a native speaker of one language to get the approximate meaning of what is written by the other native speaker.

    Example of some Machine Translators are- Google Translator, Babelfish, [email protected], TIDES and Babylon Translator.

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  • An excerpt from:Sherlock Holmes: A Study Of Scarlet

    Written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

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  • From English to

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  • I consider that a man's brain originally is like a little empty attic, and you have to stock it with such furniture as you choose. A fool takes in all the lumber of every sort that he comes across, so that the knowledge which might be useful to him gets crowded out, or at best is jumbled up with a lot of other things, so that he has a difficulty in laying his hands upon it. Now the skillful workman is very careful indeed as to what he takes into his brain-attic. He will have nothing but the tools which may help him in doing his work, but of these he has a large assortment, and all in the most perfect order. It is a mistake to think that that little room has elastic walls and can distend to any extent. Depend upon it there comes a time when for every addition of knowledge you forget something that you knew before. It is of the highest importance, therefore, not to have useless facts elbowing out the useful ones.

    " , . , , , , . . , , . . . elbowing , . "Property of Amit Amola. Should be used

    for reference and with consent.5

  • The translated text back into English

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  • I have a man's brain originally is like a little empty attic, think, and with such furniture as you choose to share. A stupid, so he comes across in the timber takes all sorts to be useful, the knowledge that he has a difficulty in laying, so that gets crowded out, or at best,

    among other things a lot is wrong with her hands on it. Now the skilled worker as he moves into his brain attic is very careful indeed. He is nothing but a tool that may help him in his work, but of these he has a large assortment in the right order, and all. It features small elastic walls and can distend to any extent that that is a mistake. Every addition of knowledge you forget something that you knew before there comes a time when you depend on it. It is useless facts elbowing out the useful ones, is therefore of paramount importance.

    " , . , , , , . . , , . . . elbowing , . "Property of Amit Amola. Should be used for reference and with consent. 7

  • Text Comparison

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  • I consider that a man's brain originally is like a little empty attic, and you have to stock it with such furniture as you choose.

    , .

    , .

    I have a man's brain originally is like a little empty attic, think, and with such furniture as you choose to share.

    Beside the loss of sense in the translated text, the other difference is that the original text was in third person as the author was referring to all the male community, and we can see that the translated text has been converted into first person and that too with some use of the word you which is basically used to refer a third person.

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  • A fool takes in all the lumber of every sort that he comes across, so that the knowledge which might be useful to him gets crowded out, or at best is jumbled up with a lot of other things, so that he has a difficulty in laying his hands upon it.

    , , , , .

    , , , , .A stupid, so he comes across in the timber

    takes all sorts to be useful, the knowledge that he has a difficulty in laying, so that gets crowded out, or at best, among other things a lot is wrong with her hands on it.

    In this translated text the basic flaw is the transformation of gender. In the original text masculine gender was used whereas the later one is in feminine gender.

    Moreover the metaphor used in the original text is totally crippled in the translated text, i.e. the meaning is totally lost.Property of Amit Amola. Should be used

    for reference and with consent.10

  • Now the skillful workman is very careful indeed as to what he takes into his brain-attic.

    .

    .

    Now the skilled worker as he moves into his brain attic is very careful indeed.

    Here the original text meant that a skilful person is quite intellectual and understands that what he has to store in his brain.

    But in case of translated text it means as if a skilled worker is going into his attic to take rest after the work he did all day and he goes into the attic so carefully as if an assassin is waiting for him inside to kill him.

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    11

  • He will have nothing but the tools which may help him in doing his work, but of these he has a large assortment, and all in the most perfect order.

    , , .

    , , .

    He is nothing but a tool that may help him in his work, but of these he has a large assortment in the right order, and all.

    Here the author tells us that a smart man has his own ways to remember and retain everything. And compares him with a skilled craftsman who has specific tools to perform any task in a well sorted manner.

    But in its translated text the man is described himself as a tool which totally disrupts the sense behind the original text.Property of Amit Amola. Should be used for reference and with consent.

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  • It is a mistake to think that the little room has elastic walls and can distend to any extent.

    .

    .

    It features small elastic walls and can distend to any extent that is a mistake.

    The original text mentioned that the brains capacity is limited and it can store information up to some extent only.

    On the other hand the translated text is looking bit absurd as there is no clue that from where the talk of elastic walls started and whose elastic walls we are talking about.

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  • Depend upon it there comes a time when for every addition of knowledge you forget something that you knew before.

    .

    .

    Every addition of knowledge you forget something that you knew before there comes a time when you depend on it.

    The first text is easy to understand. The author says that there comes a time in your life when you cant store any more information and if you do, you forget something from your past knowledge.

    Whereas the translated texts meaning is quite interesting. It states that on every addition of new information you forget something that you knew before; and there comes a time when you feel the need of that lost knowledge.Property of Amit Amola. Should be used for reference and with consent. 14

  • It is of the highest importance, therefore, not to have useless facts elbowing out the useful ones.

    elbowing , . "

    elbowing , . "

    It is useless facts elbowing out the useful ones, is therefore of paramount importance.

    In this particular sentence the author meant to tell us that it is important for us to not store any useless information because it can lead to drain off of the useful ones.

    But the translated text is thoroughly preposterous because it explains that the useless facts are more important than the useful one as they remove the later ones from our brain and consider them as paramount of all.

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  • But there is a way to improve this problem which Machine Translators make!By using Google Input Tools and Google Transliterarian we can do miracles with the translation. Though it still need human assistance but it is helpful in lot of ways.

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  • We all know the example of lihaaf where it shows that when we translate text into English from Hindi, it sometimes loses its femininity or masculineness. But it also occurs vice-versa. I found this while preparing my presentation.

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  • Additional Help From Google TranslationSome sentences i