e-books practical approaches for preservation and access

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E-Books Practical Approaches For Preservation And Access

Author: dominic-farmer

Post on 26-Dec-2015




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  • Slide 1
  • E-Books Practical Approaches For Preservation And Access
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  • The Problem Web has had accidental negative impact on library collections Leasing access instead of owning collections Ownership is building assets for university Ownership important for long term preservation and access
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  • Libraries Moving To Electronic Save space Better short term access Serious long term collection consequences
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  • Libraries Can Build Digital Collections Not just lease access, own materials E- collections dont take up floor space E- collections inexpensive to store Cancel print and build and preserve local e- collections The time is NOW
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  • E-journals Were First Digital archiving was designed for e-journals Because journals were online first HighWire Press, Stanford University, 1995
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  • Now, E-books Are Taking Off The large majority of academic libraries provide e-books, and the average number of e-books available in academic libraries that do provide them was 33,830. From: "The Growing Importance of E-books in U.S. Library Collections, Sept 2010 http://www.libraryjournal.com/lj/home/887020-264ebook_summit_kicks_off_with.html.csp
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  • Debates Have Begun Are there alternatives to the big deal for buying e-books? Should libraries loan e-book readers? How will scholars use e-books?
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  • Preservation? But questions of preservation are just being raised. Is it just like e-journal archiving? Whats different? Whats the same?
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  • What Are The Goals Of Preservation? A lofty goal: preserve record of scholarship Part of the mission of all research libraries to the world A responsibility shared by the whole community Thinking hundreds of years ahead A practical goal: keep your access Part of the mission of your library to your university A responsibility within your library Thinking tens of years ahead Both goals must be served
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  • Whats Different? Whats The Same? What publishers need from archiving What libraries need from archiving Archiving terms and rights Archiving technology Archiving costs
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  • What Publishers Need From Archiving The same for e-books and e-journals: Trustworthy technology, proven over time International Approach Content distributed around the world Affordable for both librarians and for publishers
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  • What Libraries Need From Archiving Same things as the publishers, and Ownership versus licensing To have the e-books in their hands Acquire assets for their institution Not pay perpetually for perpetual access Keep open access materials free forever
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  • Archiving Terms And Rights Different for e-books and e-journals: Author reversion clause Publishing rights revert from the publisher to the author Author has the right to withdraw book from archive Expected to be rare, time will tell
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  • Archiving Technology The same for e-books and e-journals: Preservation technology is determined by publication technology Publisher have consolidated e-book and e-journal publishing One database, same formats. More efficient for publishers, preservation, readers
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  • Archiving Costs The same for e-books and e-journals Good news! Archive many e-books for a very low fee
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  • What Weve Learned A responsible preservation approach Keeps fees low Supports libraries as memory organizations Preserves the original Separates payment from content access Libraries should not pay perpetually for access Open access content should be free forever
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  • Two Approaches
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  • What Is LOCKSS? Empower libraries in the digital environment Digital bookshelves with automatic preservation Libraries use LOCKSS to Maintain relevance as memory organization Own rather than lease content Acquire intellectual assets for their University Have local access, control, and custody of content 100% perpetual access Do not pay for access!!!
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  • LOCKSS Program Stanford University Libraries (founded 1998) Standards - OAIS, OpenURL, HTTP, WARC Preserving all web formats and genres Animations, datasets, moving images, still images, software, sound, text Journals, books, blogs, web sites, scanned files, audio, video 450 participating publishers
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  • Whats Needed? Library LOCKSS Box Publisher LOCKSS permission
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  • A LOCKSS Box At Your University A LOCKSS box is a digital bookshelf LOCKSS box is approximately an $800 computer
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  • Publisher Archiving Permission http://www.springerlink.com/content/978-3-642-04466-3#section=630975&page= 1
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  • Local Collection Into Your LOCKSS Box
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  • Continual Access Without Payment Publisher unavailable?
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  • What Does It Look Like?
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  • Benefits Retain your librarys relevance Build and preserve your local collections Provide 100% perpetual access Separate payment from access Show your readers the original artefact Easy and affordable to participate
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  • Two Approaches
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  • What Is The CLOCKSS Archive? CLOCKSS is a dark archive founded by the worlds leading libraries and publishers to keep archiving in the hands of the community.
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  • CLOCKSS Four Unique Benefits 1. Free, open access to triggered content 2. Globally distributed archive nodes at major libraries 3. Community-governed 4. Low participation costs so everyone can participate
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  • Open Access Triggered Content Graft Sage Auto/Biography Sage Brief Treatment & Crisis Intervention OUP
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  • An Article
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  • CLOCKSS Builds Open Access Subscription content becomes open access Open access content remains free forever
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  • Global Stewardship And Preservation Asia/Pacific Australia: ANU China: University of Hong Kong Japan: NII Europe Germany: Humboldt University UK: University of Edinburgh Italy: Universit Cattolica del Sacro Cuore North America Canada: University of Alberta United States: Indiana University, Rice University, Stanford University, University of Virginia, OCLC
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  • Decentralized Preservation Libraries preserving content around the globe Re-enforcing social value as memory organizations Insuring against geo-social and geo-physical risks
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  • Governed By The Community CLOCKSS is a tax-exempt, 501(c)3, not-for-profit organization Board of Directors Advisory Council 2007 ALA ALCTS Outstanding Collaboration
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  • Governing Board American Medical Association American Physiological Society bepress Elsevier IOP Publishing Nature Publishing Group Oxford University Press SAGE Publications Springer Taylor & Francis Wiley-Blackwell Australian National University OCLC Indiana University Humboldt University - Berlin Japan National Institute of Informatics Rice University Stanford University Universit Cattolica del Sacro Cuore University of Alberta University of Edinburgh University of Hong Kong University of Virginia
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  • Advisory Council Each participating library has one delegate Voice in CLOCKSS Archive governance Meet quarterly Virtually, by geographic regions
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  • Low Fees CLOCKSS has already lowered fees Country-wide discounts We keep costs low so everyone can participate
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  • Four Unique Values 1.Free, open access to triggered archived content Keep open access content, open access over time Good for authors, good for societies, good for scholars 2.Globally distributed libraries preserving content Geo-graphically, geologically, geo-politically Re-enforce librarys memory role on a worldwide scale 3.Community-governed archive Librarians and publishers work together as equals 4.Low fees Leverage library infrastructure Using LOCKSS technology for preservation
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  • Conclusion E-book archiving is not that different, and not too hard. It is important to do it right away, as reliance on e-books grows. Libraries have an opportunity now, as e-book licensing model is still under development, to demand an ownership model, no payment for access, and library-friendly archiving.
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  • Discussion Welcome! Thank you