drug offender reform act smarter sentencing + smarter treatment = better outcomes and safer...
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Drug Offender Reform ActSmarter Sentencing + Smarter Treatment = Better Outcomes and Safer Neighborhoods
What is DORA?A change in public policy Offenders with drug problems are identified earlyDrug treatment options are expanded in the community and in correctional facilitiesCrime is reducedVictims are spared
Why Do We Need DORA?85% of offenders have a drug problem that drives their criminal behavior
Our prison system is at capacity
Drugs & Alcohol Linked to Tragedy62% of assaults52% ofrapes80% of child abuse50% of spousal abuse20-35% of suicides69% of drownings49% of murders50% of traffic fatalities68% of manslaughtercharges
What is Smarter Sentencing?Occurs when judges have more information to craft better sentences. Under DORA, judges know an offenders drug history.Treatment is not mandatory, but becomes more readily available.
How Does DORA Save Me Money?$3,500 for treatment vs. $24,000 for a prison bed
Decreased crime = decreased criminal justice and victim costs
Increase in employment for treated offenders
How Does DORA Create Safer Neighborhoods? Upon Completion of Treatment:
Dramatic decrease in criminal activity
Substantial increase in abstinence for alcohol and drugs
Increase in stabile living environments
The DORA ApproachRepresents a Shift in Public Policy
The DORA ProcessDrug problem?Drug problem?High risk?* Drug Assessment is the Addictions Severity Index (ASI) the Risk Assessment is the Level of Supervision Inventory (LSI)
DORAs Treatment StrategyHow Does it Work?
How Does Addiction Happen?Drugs cause long and short-term changes in the brainDrugs hamper a persons ability to make correct decisions and control compulsive behaviorTreatment helps offenders correct their behaviors, confront the problems associated with drug use, and recover from addiction.
How Does Treatment Work?RESIDENTIALINTENSIVEOUTPATIENTOUTPATIENTAFTERCARE& RELAPSEPREVENTIONSevereaddictionSeriousaddictionDependentCompletedtreatment
The 3-year DORA PlanPhasing in a New Way of Doing Business
YEAR 1YEAR 2YEAR 3screen drugoffenders1,600 treated$6.3 on-goingScreen all offendersAssess, if needed, for addiction severityAssess for risk to community3,349 treated4,479 treated$12.1 on-going$16.7 on-going
Is it Worth $16.7 million?Yes! Treatment Works
Economic ImpactThe costs associated with these offenders Justice systemMedical systemPublic assistanceWork-relatedVictimization
The Costs SavingsEvery tax dollar spent on treatment produces $5.60 in avoided costs to the taxpayer.
Summary of RecommendationsEventually screen and assess all offenders over a 3-year phase-in.Provide appropriate level of treatment services and new treatment slots.Evaluate our efforts.Realize cost savings by avoiding repeated incarceration costs and further victimization.