download 2.29 mb

Click here to load reader

Post on 31-Dec-2016

222 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • Initial Environmental Examination

    June 2013

    Indonesia: Metropolitan Sanitation Management

    Investment Project Jambi City Off-Site Wastewater Collection System and Treatment

    Prepared by Directorate General of Human Settlements, under the Ministry of Public Works of

    the Republic of Indonesia for the Asian Development Bank.

  • i

    CURRENCY EQUIVALENTS (as of 31 May 2013)

    Currency unit Indonesian rupiah (IDR) IDR1.00 = $0.0001013171

    $1.00 = IDR9,870

    ABBREVIATIONS

    ADB Asian Development Bank AMDAL Analisis Mengenai Dampak Lingkungan Hidup ANDAL Analisis Dampak Lingkungan (environmental impact

    analysis) BAPPEDA Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Daerah BLH Badan Lingkungan Hidup BMKG Badan Meteorologi, Klimatologi, dan Geofisika KLH Kantor Lingkungan Hidup BOD biochemical oxygen demand CEMP Contractors Environmental Management Plan CPMU Central Project Management Unit CSECC City Sewerage Environmental Complaints Committee cumd cubic meters per day cums cubic meters per second dB(A) A-weighted sound scale EIA environmental impact analysis EMP environmental management plan FGD focus group discussion GOI Government of Indonesia IEE initial environmental examination IndII Indonesia Infrastructure Initiative IPAL Instalasi Pengolahan Air Limbah (WWTP) IR Involuntary resettlement IRR Implementing rules and regulations km kilometer km2 square kilometers LGU local government unit lpcd liters per capita per day lps liters per second LPMU Local Project Management Unit mamsl meters above mean sea level MLD million liters per day NGO non-government organization PISC Project Implementation Support Consultant PPE personal protective equipment PPIU Provincial Project Implementation Unit PPTA project preparation technical assistance RRP report and recommendation of the president (ADB) TA technical assistance UPTD Unit Perlaksan Teknis Daerah

    NOTE

    In this report, "$" refers to US dollars.

  • i

    This initial environmental examination is a document of the borrower. The views expressed herein do not necessarily represent those of ADB's Board of Directors, Management, or staff, and may be preliminary in nature. Your attention is directed to the terms of use section of this website. In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of or reference to a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

  • i

    Table of Contents

    Page

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ................................................................................................. I

    I. INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................... 1

    II. POLICY, LEGAL, AND ADMINISTRATIVE FRAMEWORK ..................................... 1

    III. DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT ........................................................................ 4

    A. Location ........................................................................................................ 4 B. Components and Cost Estimate ................................................................... 4 C. Construction ................................................................................................. 6 D. Implementation and Operation ..................................................................... 7

    IV. DESCRIPTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT ............................................................. 8

    A. Physical Resources ...................................................................................... 8 B. Ecological Resources ................................................................................. 11 C. Economic Development .............................................................................. 12 D. Socio and Cultural Resources .................................................................... 17

    V. ANTICIPATED ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND MITIGATION MEASURES .. 20

    A. Design/Pre-Construction Phase Considerations ......................................... 21 B. Construction Phase Environmental Impacts ............................................... 23 C. Operation Phase Environmental Impacts.................................................... 27

    VI. INFORMATION DISCLOSURE, CONSULTATION, AND PARTICIPATION ......... 31

    VII. GRIEVANCE REDRESS MECHANISM ............................................................... 36

    A. Construction Activities Grievances ............................................................. 36 B. Resettlement Activities Grievances............................................................. 37 C. Complaints to Jambi Citys Badan Lingkungan Hidup ................................. 37

    VIII. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN ......................................................... 38

    A. Environmental Mitigation ............................................................................ 38 B. Environmental Monitoring ........................................................................... 44 C. Implementation Arrangement ..................................................................... 47

    IX. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS ....................................................... 54

    APPENDICES ............................................................................................................... 55

  • ii

    List of Tables

    Table 3.1: Proposed Jambi Sewerage Network (to be funded by ADB) ........................... 4 Table 4.1: Rivers in Jambi City ........................................................................................ 9 Table 4.2: Water Quality of Selincah Creek ................................................................... 10 Table 4.3: Lakes in Jambi ............................................................................................. 10 Table 4.4: Air Quality at Office Areas and Roads .......................................................... 11 Table 4.5: Air Quality at Residential Areas and Industry ................................................ 11 Table 4.6: Jambi City Land Use .................................................................................... 13 Table 4.7: Medium and Large Industries ....................................................................... 13 Table 4.8: Small Industries ............................................................................................ 14 Table 4.9: Pollution Load of Industrial Wastewater ........................................................ 14 Table 4.10: Jambi Drinking Water Sources ................................................................... 15 Table 4.11: 2011 Population of Jambi City .................................................................... 17 Table 4.12: 2011 Ten Leading Diseases ....................................................................... 18 Table 5.1: Summary of Environmental Impacts Screening for Jambi City Subproject .... 20 Table 5.2: Environmental Impacts and Risks for Inclusion in EMP of Jambi Subproject 31 Table 6.1: Summary of Consultation Outcomes - First Public Consultation ................... 33 Table 6.2: Summary of Consultation Outcomes - March 2013 Public Consultation ....... 34 Table 7.1: GRM Processing of Complaints .................................................................... 37 Table 8.1: Environmental Mitigation Plan of Jambi Citys Subproject .......................... 39 Table 8.2: Environmental Monitoring Plan of Jambi Citys Subproject ......................... 44 Table 8.3: Project Performance Monitoring of Jambi Citys Subproject ......................... 47 Table 8.4: Environmental Aspects Institutional Set-up ................................................... 49 Table 8.5: Cost of Capacity Building for Jambi Citys Kasang WWTP Operators ........... 53

    List of Figures Figure 3.1: Location Map of Proposed Jambi Sewerage System .................................... 4 Figure 3.2: Process Flow Diagram of Proposed Kasang WWTP ..................................... 5 Figure 4.1: Indonesia Earthquake Zones......................................................................... 9 Figure 4.2: Satellite Photo of Proposed WWTP Site ...................................................... 12 Figure 4.3: Toilet Ownership ......................................................................................... 15 Figure 4.4: Toilet Potential to Contaminate Environment ............................................... 16 Figure 4.5: 2011 Male and Female Population Distribution ........................................... 18

  • i

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    1. An environmental assessment was made for the proposed Jambi Citys Off-site Wastewater Collection System and Treatment. It is one of the five subprojects to be funded by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) under the Metropolitan Sanitation Management and Investment Project (MSMIP) of the Directorate General of Human Settlements (DGHS) of the Ministry of Public Works, Republic of Indonesia. Jambi City is in Jambi Province, Republic of Indonesia. The proposed sewerage system subproject is expected to improve access on sanitation services in Jambi City. Relative to the significance of environmental impacts and risks, this subproject is deemed Environmental Category B based on ADBs environmental categorization and the type of assessment warranted only the preparation of an Initial E