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    A Project On

    Data Base Management System

    Presented to:

    Sir Fahad Bilal

    Presented by:

    Noman Ali AshrafBilal

    Hassan

    M.Waqar

    AnwarJunaid Umer

    Amir Bashir

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    We are grateful to the Allah Almighty who has provided us the strengths

    required to complete the project. We are nothing without the abet of Allah

    Almighty, who helped us in making all this project, who assisted us in

    compiling our work in the form of report and presenting it in front of you.

    Having said all this, we must acknowledge the hard- work, sincerity and

    technique of teaching of our teacherSir Fahad Bilal. He is the person who

    took our hands into his own and guided us to a completely. Because of

    whose effort we, now, are well aware of our project.

    THANK YOU

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    CONTENTS

    CHAPTER # 1

    INTRODUCTION

    CHAPTER # 2

    EXISTING SYSTEM

    CHAPTER # 3

    PROPOSED SYSTEM

    CHAPTER # 4

    LOGICAL DESIGN

    CHAPTER # 5

    PHYSICAL DESIGN

    CHAPTER # 6

    IMMPLEMENTATION

    CHAPTER # 7

    MAINTAINANCE

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    Chapter # 1: Introduction

    Introduction to Institute

    Organizations Faculties

    Entities and their Relationship

    Basic ERD

    Scope of project

    Business functions decomposition

    Planning matrix

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    Introduction to the Institute

    International Islamic University, Islamabad.

    International Islamic University, Islamabad is an International seat of

    Islamic learning, in Pakistan, which provides every opportunity for an all-around andharmonious development of individuals and society and reconstruction of human thoughton the foundation of Islam.

    Location

    The University is located in the scenic vicinity of Margalla Hills in

    Islamabad. While all teaching faculties of the University are functioning in the new

    Campus situated in Sector H-10, the administration comprising Rector's office,President's office, personnel department and finance department are still operating from

    the old campus situated near the grand Faisal Mosque in Sector E-6

    Introduction

    The foundation of the University was laid on the first day of the 15th Hijrah

    Century, Muharram 1, 1401 (November 11, 1980). This landmark of the beginning of thenew Century Symbolize the aspirations and hopes of the Muslim Ummah for an Islamic

    renaissance. The desire to produce scholars and practitioners, imbued with Islamic

    learning, character and personality, and capable to meet the economic, social, political,and intellectual needs of modern times is the aim of this university.

    The University starts as Islamic University with only 9 students in its LL.M degree

    Program and classes being held at the Campus of Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad.The University was upgraded, restructured and reconstituted as International Islamic

    University with the promulgation of the International Islamic University Ordinance bythe President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan in March 1985.

    With 8 faculties and 5 autonomous academies, institutes and centers the University is

    conducting around 58 academic programs with enrollment of over 12,000 students thatinclude around 5,500 girl students.

    In addition, around 2000 students are enroled in the Iqra technical center, a constituentunit of the university.

    The International Islamic University is a unique institution of higher learning whichintegrates the two parallel streams of religious and other education systems prevailing in

    the Muslim world. It provides a system based on universal Islamic principles capable of

    responding to present day needs and requirements.

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    (a) Faculties:

    The university consists of the following faculties:

    Faculty of Basic and Applied Sciences

    o Department of Computer Scienceo Department of Mathematics

    o Department of Environmental Sciences

    Faculty of Engineering and Technology(PEC recognized)

    o Department of Electronic Engineering

    Faculty of Arabic Language and Islamic Civilization

    Faculty of Languages, Literature and Humanities

    Faculty of Management Scienceso Department of Business Administration

    o Department of Technology Management

    Faculty of Shariah and Law

    Faculty of Social Scienceo Department of Education

    o Politics and International Relations

    Faculty of Islamic Studies (Usuluddin)

    Social Sciences

    CMC (Center of Media and Communication )

    Entities and their Relationship:

    has

    has

    goes

    hasDriver

    Reg#

    Location

    BUSES

    BUS

    Bus Ro

    Reg#

    DRIVER BUSdrives

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    Basic ERD

    Scope of the Project:

    The department for which we are making our project is IIUI BUS TRANSPORT

    SYSTEM. We have chosen the particular department because all the data of the

    department is based on manual system. We want to convert the manual data base of Bus

    transportation System in to DBMS technology. The limitations of our project are that wewill only discuss the transportation system of the busses and provide the information

    about their routes.

    Bus Transportation System

    Driver Buses

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    Business function decomposition:

    Business function:

    1.0 BTS Management

    Decomposition:

    1.1 Route Allotment

    1.2 Bus.No Issued

    1.3 Timing

    1.3.1 Bus.No

    1.3.2 Desired Location

    Business function decomposition:

    There are three levels of dataflow diagram which represents business

    function decomposition.

    1 level # 0 (context level)

    2 level # 1 (detail level)

    3 level # 3 (highly detailed level)

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    level # 0 (context level):

    request for route

    response against request

    request for bus.no

    issue bus.no

    request for timing

    response against request

    1.0

    BTS Manager

    Student

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    level # 1 (detail level):

    Request for route allotted

    Response against request

    Student

    Allotted to students

    Request for Bus.no

    Issued

    Response against request

    Allotted to student

    Request for timing

    Issued

    Response against request

    1.1

    Route allotted

    1.2

    Issued Bus.no

    1.3

    Issued timing

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    level # 2 (highly detailed level):

    Allotted to student

    BTS Manager

    Status

    Desired location

    Planning matrix:

    EntitiesBus.No Bus

    Reg#

    Driver

    Name

    Pick

    Location

    Drop

    Location

    Pick

    Timing

    Drop

    Timing

    Business

    functions

    BTS MGT * * * * * * *

    1.3.1

    Alloted Bus

    1.3.2

    Location/Timing

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    Chapter # 2: Requirement Analysis

    Introduction to existing system

    User Requirements

    Detailed ERD

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    Introduction to Existing system:

    We are going to develop an application program to meet the requirements. Ourorganization is the Bus Transportation System (BTS). The existing system that we are

    using is manual system to manage the BTS affairs. This system was fulfilling therequirements of yesterday but todays requirements are different from that one. Newinnovations prove that there are many disadvantages of using this manual system and

    efficiency could be improved easily by using the next new system and techniques. Our

    organization is using manual system to handle all affairs of student.

    User requirements:

    Advantages:

    Increase in number of locations/routes

    Easier way to travel across the twin cities

    Available for both Islamians and Dilpomas Students

    Separate buses for male and female

    Facilitate near by universitys students

    Time and money saving

    Power cutoff doesnt matter

    Disadvantages:

    Manual system should be avoided

    DBMS system is un-available

    Excess of Students in a single bus

    Same routes but different drivers/buses

    Shortage of buses

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    CHAPTER # 3: Proposed system

    Proposed system

    Advantages

    Disadvantages

    Conclusion/ Recommendation

    Data Dictionary (Meta data)

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    IIUI Bus Transport System

    Proposed System:-IIUI has manual Bus Transport System which seems to be non affectve

    and time taking. Instead of this manual of paper based system there is a need of using

    computerized or DBMS system.

    Advantages:- Quick information about the Buses

    Increase in number of buses

    Increases the number of students

    Increase in number of locations/routes

    Easier way to travel across the twin cities

    Available for both Islamians and Dilpomas Students

    Separate buses for male and female

    Multiple buses on a single route for 5 times a day

    Facilitate near by universitys students

    Separate buses for staffs are more convenient

    Time and money saving

    Timings are affective

    Disadvantages:-

    Only when central system down.

    Data Dictionary:-Meta data of any system is called its Data Dictionary.

    Thus following is the list of all the Meta Data of IIUI Bus Transport System.

    Bus no.Bus Reg.

    Reg no.

    Drivers nameDirvers N.I.C

    Drivers Phone

    Pick Location

    Drop LocationPick Timings

    Drop Timings

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    Conclusions:-

    Cost:-

    Staff is required for DBMS

    New or upgrading of system

    Wastage of time/Conversion from Manual to DBMS system

    Untrained or weak employees will be Fired

    Technology:- Specialized staff is required

    Technology requirements (like computer H/D &S/w & printers)

    Maintenance is required

    Benefits:- Increased information about Buses, drivers and routes

    Quicker and easier guidance to students Wastage of time will be reduced

    If needed Printed schedule will be available