cubism. pablo picasso art movements prior to cubism neoclassicism david death of marat
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Art Movements Prior to CubismNeoclassicismDavid Death of Marat
RealismCourbet The Stone Breakers
Manet Luncheon on the Grass
Post-ImpressionismVan Gogh The Night Cafe
ModernismMunch The Scream
ExpressionismMatisse Red Room
Cezanne Basket of Apples
Cezanne Bibemus Quarry
CubismCubism (1908-1914) was a radical new direction for art. It was pioneered by Picasso and Braque and used geometric shapes. Cubism was divided into two main movements, analytic and synthetic cubism.
AnalyticAnalytic cubism was the first phase (Picasso's Girl With Mandolin). Artists deconstructed reality, breaking up figures into shapes and looked at things from multiple perspectives.
A face, for example, would be shown in profile and from a view. Most of these works were monochromatic or near it, depending on values to show forms and separate shapes.
Picasso Wilhelm Uhde
Color schemes were simplified, tending to be nearly monochromatic (hues of tan, brown, gray, cream, green, or blue preferred) in order not to distract the viewer from the artist's primary interest--the structure of form itself.
The monochromatic color scheme was suited to the presentation of complex, multiple views of the object
BraqueHarbor in Normandy
By creating a geometric structure of overlapping, shifting and tilted cubes, a work is created that seems to project out of the picture plane.BraqueLe Staque
The Cubist style emphasized the flat, two-dimensional surface of the picture planeBraqueMan With Guitar
Rejected the traditional techniques of perspective, foreshortening, modeling, and chiaroscuro and refuting time-honored theories of art as the imitation of nature.PicassoThe YoungLadies of Avignon
Gris Open Window
Delaunay City of Paris
PicassoTete DuneFemme Lisant
Forms are generally compact and dense in the centre of the Analytical Cubist painting, growing larger as they diffuse toward the edges of the canvas.
PicassoPortrait of Ambroise Vollard
Art historians consider Cubism to be the most influential form of art from the early 20th century.
DelaunayThe Red Tower
Synthetic cubism synthesized different things.It had more color and less values, flattening things. There were more shapes than forms. There was collage work in synthetic cubism, and the synthesizing of different textures and materials was a big part of this part of the movement.
This involved the introduction of different textures, surfaces and merged subject matter including newspapers, text, posters and music scores. Synthetic cubism placed an emphasis on multiple layers and shapes, creating compositions that were simpler, brighter and bolder then analytical cubism
Smooth and rough surfaces are contrasted with one another; and frequently non-painted objects such as newspapers are pasted on the canvas in combination with painted areas.
PicassoPipe, Glass,Bottle, Vieux andMarc
GrisStill Life Before anOpen Window
This collage technique emphasizes the differences in texture and poses the question of what is reality and what is illusion in painting BraqueFruit Dish and Cards
MetzingerTable by a Window
Cubist SculpturesArchipenkoWoman Combing Her Hair
GonzalezWoman Combing HerHair
BoccioniUnique Forms of Continuity in Space