cubism. pablo picasso art movements prior to cubism neoclassicism david death of marat

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  • Cubism

  • Pablo Picasso

  • Art Movements Prior to CubismNeoclassicismDavid Death of Marat

  • RealismCourbet The Stone Breakers

  • Manet Luncheon on the Grass

  • ImpressionismMonet Impression:Sunrise

  • Post-ImpressionismVan Gogh The Night Cafe

  • ModernismMunch The Scream

  • ExpressionismMatisse Red Room

  • CezanneMont Sainte-Victoire

  • Cezanne Basket of Apples

  • Cezanne Bibemus Quarry

  • CubismCubism (1908-1914) was a radical new direction for art. It was pioneered by Picasso and Braque and used geometric shapes. Cubism was divided into two main movements, analytic and synthetic cubism.

  • AnalyticAnalytic cubism was the first phase (Picasso's Girl With Mandolin). Artists deconstructed reality, breaking up figures into shapes and looked at things from multiple perspectives.

  • A face, for example, would be shown in profile and from a view. Most of these works were monochromatic or near it, depending on values to show forms and separate shapes.

    Picasso Wilhelm Uhde

  • Color schemes were simplified, tending to be nearly monochromatic (hues of tan, brown, gray, cream, green, or blue preferred) in order not to distract the viewer from the artist's primary interest--the structure of form itself.


  • The monochromatic color scheme was suited to the presentation of complex, multiple views of the object

    BraqueHarbor in Normandy

  • By creating a geometric structure of overlapping, shifting and tilted cubes, a work is created that seems to project out of the picture plane.BraqueLe Staque

  • The Cubist style emphasized the flat, two-dimensional surface of the picture planeBraqueMan With Guitar

  • Rejected the traditional techniques of perspective, foreshortening, modeling, and chiaroscuro and refuting time-honored theories of art as the imitation of nature.PicassoThe YoungLadies of Avignon

  • Gris Open Window

  • PicassoWeeping Woman

  • PicassoSelf Portrait

  • Delaunay City of Paris

  • PicassoTete DuneFemme Lisant

  • Forms are generally compact and dense in the centre of the Analytical Cubist painting, growing larger as they diffuse toward the edges of the canvas.

    PicassoPortrait of Ambroise Vollard

  • Art historians consider Cubism to be the most influential form of art from the early 20th century.

    DelaunayThe Red Tower

  • Synthetic Cubism

  • Synthetic cubism synthesized different things.It had more color and less values, flattening things. There were more shapes than forms. There was collage work in synthetic cubism, and the synthesizing of different textures and materials was a big part of this part of the movement.

  • This involved the introduction of different textures, surfaces and merged subject matter including newspapers, text, posters and music scores. Synthetic cubism placed an emphasis on multiple layers and shapes, creating compositions that were simpler, brighter and bolder then analytical cubism

  • Smooth and rough surfaces are contrasted with one another; and frequently non-painted objects such as newspapers are pasted on the canvas in combination with painted areas.

    PicassoPipe, Glass,Bottle, Vieux andMarc

  • GrisStill Life Before anOpen Window

  • This collage technique emphasizes the differences in texture and poses the question of what is reality and what is illusion in painting BraqueFruit Dish and Cards

  • MetzingerTable by a Window

  • Comparison

  • Cubist SculpturesArchipenkoWoman Combing Her Hair

  • LipchitzBather

  • GonzalezWoman Combing HerHair

  • Futurism Sculpture

    BoccioniUnique Forms of Continuity in Space

  • Neo-Cubism

  • The End