Croatia protected cultural heritage

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<ul><li> 1. Croatia - A few LOCALITIES ANDMONUMENTS ON THE UNESCOS WORLD HERITAGE LIST</li></ul> <p> 2. Dubrovnik Dubrovnik is a city of exceptional history, and is a worldrenowned monument of heritage and beauty (registered amongthe UNESCO World Heritage Monuments). It is also one of themost attractive and famous cities on the Mediterranean. The citywalls of the Dubrovnik Old Town encompass a complex ofpublic and private, sacral and secular constructions from allperiods of the citys history, beginning from its very inception inthe 7th century. Of particular significance are Stradun, the maincity street, the Rectors Palace, the Church of St. Vlaho (St.Blaise), the Cathedral, the three large convents, and thebuildings of the City Hall and Customs Administration. TheDubrovnik Republic represented its own political and territorialentity. 3. PLITVICE LAKES NATIONALPARK The Plitvice Lakes National Park Image of Plitvice lakes:is comprised of 16 interconnectedlakes between Mala Kapela andPljesivice in Lika. It is divided intothe upper lakes (Proscansko,Ciginovac, Okrugljak, Batinovac,Veliko, Malo, vir, Galovac, Milino,Jezerce, Burgeti and Kozjak) andlower lakes (Milinovac,Gavranovac, Kaludjerovac andNovakovic Brod). The highest inaltitude is Proscansko (639m) andthe lowest is Novakovic Brod(503m). 4. About the lakes The upper lakes, surrounded by dense forest The upper lakes are separated byand interconnected by numerous waterfalls,dolomite divisions, which grow from thelie in a dolomite valley, while the smaller and creation of lime in height and in width,shallower lower lakes lie in limestone andfollow the limestone barriers. The limeare surrounded by sparse yew bushes. Theprimarily grows in places where the watermajority of the water in the Plitvice Lakes falls from a particular height, by theoriginates from the White and Black Rivers, crusting of algae and moss with calciumwhich merge into one river south of carbonate.Proscansko Lake. After the Sastavci The lower lakes were formed by theWaterfall on the lower lakes, the waters flowerosion of arches over underwaterinto the Korana River. Plitvice Creek alsocaverns, through which the water fromflows into the Korana River, falling from athe upper lakes is lost. In the ragged cliffsheight of 76 meters.alongside the lakes and the KoranaRiver, there are 14 caves in the limestoneand 6 caves in the limestone barriers(Supljara, Golubnjaca, Mracnjaca, VelikaPecina and others). 5. THE EUPHRASIAN BASILICAIN PORE The Euphrasian Basilica in Pore is oneof the best preserved monuments ofAll three naves end in semi-circularearly Byzantine art in theapses, while in the main apse, tallerMediterranean. It was erected in the 6thand wider than the other two, is thecentury in Pore, during the time ofciborium. In the northeastern cornerBishop Euphrasius. Though it is of the basilica, the trefoil Memorialsomewhat smaller than the remaining Chapel is connected with an ellipticalpreserved basilicas of the same period,vestibule, while the external vestibuleit is unique in that it is the only church ofits type with the original structureis connected with the spaciouspreserved.quadratic atrium. On the western sideThe main structure of the complex isof the atrium is the octagonalthe three nave basilica, with the central baptistery.nave wider and taller and separatedfrom the side naves by two series ofarcades. 6. ABOUT THE BASILICA In the region between the The Euphrasian Basilica isnorthern side of the atrium and richly ornamented in thethe seashore, a second largeByzantine style of mosaicchurch was built at the same(which, with the mosaic oftime, with its axis vertical to the the Church of San Vitale inaxis of the main basilica, andRavenna represent the mostnew additions were made duringsignificant examples ofthe Middle Ages, when it wastransformed into the Bishops mosaic art in Europe). ThePalace. Much later, the basilica is also ornamentedremaining structures of the with incrustations, stuccocomplex came into being. In the and plaster.18th century, the entire complexsuffered significant damage,many sections were destroyedand the complete restorationwas conducted following WorldWar II. 7. DIOCLETIANS PALACE INSPLIT Diocletian, the Roman Even today, the beauty of theEmperor, spent the final palace peristyles, Diocletiansyears of his life near mausoleum, the Temple of Jupiter, the colonnade along theAspalathos in Dalmatia, streets, the early Christianwhere he was born. There churches, the Romantic houses,he built a massive palace, the gates by Andrija Buvina andthe original architecture of the architectural works of Jurajwhich was altered over time, Dalmatinac. This historical corehowever, throughout theof todays Split was added to theages, the overall structureUNESCO World Heritage list inchanged very little. Within1979.the Roman walls, a citydeveloped. 8. THE IBENIK CATHEDRAL The Cathedral of St. Jakov (St. In the first phase ofJacob) in ibenik is a tripleconstruction, the Italiannave basilica with three apses masters Francesco diand a cupola (height of interior Giacomo, Lorenzo Pincinois 32 m). The cathedraland Pier Paolo Bussatoconstruction began in theparticipated, together withVenetian Gothic style, and was the domestic mastercompleted in the Toscano stonecutters Andrija BudiRenaissance style. It wasand Grubi laficonsecrated in 1555. The (longitudinal walls and bothconstruction began in 1431 atportals).the place where a smallcathedral had earlier stood,and as such, the cathedral wasbuilt using much of the materialof the former church. 9. AND ALSO The ibenik Cathedral has no masonry The ibenikelements, and the walls, vaults and cupola are Cathedral wasconstructed in a simple manner (first used bylisted among theJuraj Dalmatinac) where the entire unit of UNESCO Worldprecisely cut stones are fit together, a methodHeritageused in the masonry craft. The gable of the main Monuments infaade was built in the form of a trefoil, as one of 2000.the oldest in Europe and naturally continued aspart of the triple nave structure of the church, inharmony with the shape and size of the arcs.Within the Cathedral, several altars are presentin the naves, with two rows of galleries about theside naves. 10. THE ROMANTIC CITY OFTROGIR Trogir was established by the The most significantGreek colonists from the Island of structure is the TrogirVis in the 3rd century B.C. Upon Cathedral, with its portal ofthis historical site lies the historical the west gates, acore of the Trogir Old Town, the masterpiece by Radovan,best preserved Romantic-Gothic the most significant examplecity in central Europe. Theof Romantic-Gothic art inmedieval Trogir Old Town,Croatia.surrounded by walls, unites thewell preserved castle and towerand numerous structure andpalaces from the Romantic,Gothic, Renaissance and Baroqueperiods.</p>