community and bush environments - seminar 11 - ways of knowing nature - metaphors

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Metaphorical images of nature. Nature as an object and as a subject.


  • 1. HUMOV1003 Community and Bush Environments Seminar eleven Ways of knowing nature
  • 2. Head, heart and hands overlap but have contributing uniqueness.
  • 3. Public knowledge that which is potentially open to all. Private knowledge that to which only you have access.
  • 4. Scientific knowledge information, hypothesis about a place, which have been derived from careful study of natural or other phenomena.
  • 5. Cultural knowledge information about the history or story of a place which you may have heard or gained but which is not principally derived from careful scientific study.
  • 6. Experiential knowledge information you have gained by living with a place.
  • 7. These types of knowledge are valued and used variously within our society.
  • 8. Enviro life history - retrospective (Chawla) (emotional connections) 1. Childhood experiences of nature 2. Experiences of enviro loss or destruction 3. Pro-enviro values of family
  • 9. Enviro life history - retrospective (Chawla) (emotional connections) 4. Pro-enviro organisations 5. Role models (friends, teachers) 6. Education
  • 10. Nature is the material world everything is of, or from, nature (including humans and all their works). Nature as wilderness (separate from people and culture). Nature as the natural order of things (Naturally sothe laws of nature excludes humans and culture). What things are made of their nature The nature of rock is hard, his nature is caring etc etc. Nature 4 meanings
  • 11. But humans have more power than nature now, so boom bust cycle is disrupted? Sustainability, then must be brain driven from an emotional response (foresight).
  • 12. Connections with nature vary with: Place Activity Weather Level of technology available NR scale
  • 13. Structural development theory for HNR - based on maturation of moral reasoning Integrated with Nature Caring for Nature Travelling through Nature Alienated from Nature Everyday nature caring behaviour. Connectedness and caring for the bush. The importance and awareness of nature in a persons life. Levels of comfort outdoors Experiences and time in nature Positive disposition towards nature
  • 14. How do you get to know a friend?
  • 15. Relationship with individual Initial attraction/aesthetic. Positive experience. Builds over time with the same person. Grows with increasing trust. Comfort, non- threatening. Emotional bond initially. Information from stories of other lived experiences? Recognition of the other person. Receptive to what the other has to communicate. Displacement of self-interest to the other.
  • 16. Knowing nature is similar to knowing a person has many implications for the practice of OEE
  • 17. Relationship with place Initial attraction/aesthetic. Positive experience. Builds over time with the same entity. Grows with increasing trust for safety. Comfort, non-threatening. Skills to be outdoors. Emotional bond initially. Information from stories of other lived experiences? Recognition of the Other in nature. Receptive to what the Other has to communicate. Displacement of self-interest to the other.
  • 18. butwhat other views exist?
  • 19. Anthropocentric = human centred view Biocentric = non-human centred view (ecocentric)
  • 20. We are, after all, human!
  • 21. Knowing nature as a friend is a biocentric view in that it attempts to develop a subject to subject view of non-human nature. It helps acknowledge non-human nature as having intrinsic rights (like people).
  • 22. Nature as object or subject? subject implies emotions, human-ness, consciousness(????)! = intrinsic rights for its own wellbeing. object implies inert-ness, a thing without rights, an instrument. (An object could be an artifact?)
  • 23. Nature as Friend Implies: A relationship with a subjective other (emotional) Based on lived personal experiences with other. Closeness but separate (a relationship with) Co-operative and caring outcomes sought Developmental grows or diminishes
  • 24. Language indicating subject Country in Aboriginal English is not only a common noun but also a proper noun. People talk about Country in the same way that they would talk about a person: they speak to Country, sing to Country visit Country, worry about Country, feel for Country, and long for Country. People say that Country hears, smells, takes notice, takes care, is sorry or happy. ... Country is a living entity with a yesterday, today and tomorrow, with a consciousness, and will toward life. (Rose 1996, p.7)
  • 25. "people never used to go just hunting especially, they used to go walking around and see what might happen. They walked for their energy, or to make their body feel good, or to brighten their spirit, just walking around on Country." pg. 150 Iwenhe Tyrerrtye on what it means to be an aboriginal person. Margret Kemarre Turner IAD Press 2010
  • 26. Language indicating relatedness? Yeah sometimes when Im climbing I look at the cliff - if you think of it like youre a fighter and the cliff is your opponent and you get to the top without falling then you have pretty much got a knockout - if you have got to the top with a few falls well youve taken a few blows during the rounds - and sometimes if you retreat off a climb it keeps on haunting you, like if you lose a fight then you want to come back and do it again another time until you win.
  • 27. Language indicating relatedness? [Could you use that metaphor with your surfing - if you fall off or get dumped is that the same?] Umm not really I dont take offence to it when Im surfing. I surf for different goals as well. When I climb its me and the mountain and Im trying to get to the top and when I surf its me and the wave but Im not trying to overpower it and become the best surfer in the world. Im just out there to relax basically and get away from everything.
  • 28. A summary of conceptions of the human-to-nature relationship (Martin, 2009)