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  • Combating Piracy Update on the Industrys Best Management Practices (BMP)

    Singapore26 January 2011

    Tim Wilkins INTERTANKO Regional Manager Asia-Pacific

  • Radically changing situation...

    MV Samho Jewelry

  • Industry liaison and activity on piracyBMPBackground and SummaryUpdatesCurrent issuesComplianceConcluding remarks

  • UNParticipant at UN Contact Group (plenary) and working groups on Piracy, communications with Secretary GeneralProduction of Best Management Practices V3

    IMORevision of MSC Guidance CircularsSubmission to MSC 88 on need for more robust action and prosecution of those captured

    EU and other governmentsPresentations to EU Commission and MEPsFrequent contact with EU and other member states

    MILITARYProviding MNLO Secondee to MSCHOARegular contact with EUNAVFOR, UKMTO, CTF, NATO Participation in Naval Shared Awareness and De-Confliction (SHADE) Meetings Industry Liaison and Activity (1)

  • OTHERContributed to production of Anti-Piracy ChartsDeveloped Merchant Shipping Communication PlanExtensive media contactsDeveloping guide with INTERPOL on evidence gathering and witness statements

    INFORMATION to MEMBERS/INDUSTRYDeveloped Piracy Model Clauses (INTERTANKO and BIMCO clauses)Providing regular Security Bulletins to MembersProviding Routing GuidanceParticipating at Industry SeminarsFrequent contacts with national governments

    Industry Liaison and Activity (2)

  • Industry Best Management Practices 3rd Ed. June 2010OCIMF INTERTANKOICS/ISFBIMCOSIGTTOINTERCARGOIGP&ICLIAIPTAIUMI Joint Hull CommitteeJoint War CommitteeITFIMBMSCHOAMTO-DubaiEU NAVFOR SomaliaBest Management Practices

  • Target audience: the Seafarers.Pocket-sized booklet: illustrations and a small chart.Expansion of the High Risk Area: Suez to the North, 10 South and 78 East.Further advice on Ship Protection Measures, the UKMTO Vessel Position Reporting Form, and Fishing Industry guidance.Encourages post-incident reporting to MSCHOA, UKMTO and additionally to the relevant Flag State.Additional advice augmenting BMP3 at the MSCHOA web site

    Best Management Practices: Overview

  • Purpose:AvoidDeterDelayScope:Risk AssessmentTypical Pirate Attacks Implementing BMPCompany Planning Masters Planning Prior to Transit Voyage Planning Prior to Transit Self Protection Measures If a Pirate Attack is ImminentIf Boarded by Pirates In the Event of Military ActionPost Incident Reporting Updating Best Management Practices Useful Contact Details UKMTO Vessel Position Reporting FormPiracy DefinitionsFollow-up Report Additional Guidance for Vessels Engaged in Fishing, inthe GulfofAden and off the Coast of SomaliaBest Management Practices: Overview

  • Latest available information...UK Maritime Trade Operations (UK-MTO)Maritime Security Centre Horn of Africa (MSC HOA)NATO Shipping CentreMaritime Liaison Office Bahrain (Marlo Bahrain)IMB Piracy Reporting Centre, Kuala Lumpur, MalaysiaIndustry bodies: OCIMF, INTERTANKO, INTERCARGO, ICS, BIMCO...Best Management Practices (1)

  • Register and Report - Group Transits

    All ships that register with MSCHOA are entered onto a Vulnerable Shipping List every day at MSCHOA.The MNLO unit tracks all transit vessels whose ETAs are not consistent with the group timings and emails them directly to advise them to adjust ETA at the IRTC, or to advise their transit intentionsMSCHOA advise all ships Masters via email and by tel. of the other ships accompanying them both Eastbound and Westbound in their groupAll of this policing is vital provides reassurance of situational surveillance

    Best Management Practices (2)

  • Self Protection Measures (1)Watchkeeping and Enhanced VigilanceClosed Circuit Television (CCTV)Manoeuvring PracticeAlarmsUpper Deck LightingShips Tools and EquipmentEquipment StorageLimiting AccessAccomodation and Machinery Sapces

    Best Management Practices (3)

  • Self Protection Measures (2)Enhance Bridge ProtectionPhysical BarriersWater Spray and Foam MonitorsSafe Muster Points and CitadelsSafe Muster Point GuidelinesCitadel Guidelines

    Best Management Practices (4)

  • Safe Muster Points and CitadelsSafe Muster Point GuidelinesA Safe Muster Point is a designated area sufficiently inboard within the superstructure (preferably double bulkhead protection) able to withstand small arms and RPG fire where; a. in the event of an attack, non essential crew or passengers may safely muster, orb. in the event of imminent boarding by pirates, all remaining crew can also muster, preferably seated with their hands in clear view.

    Citadel Guidelines A Citadel is a designated pre-planned area specifically built into the ship where; in the event of imminent boarding by pirates, all crew will seek refuge and protection with the objective of preventing the pirates from gaining control of the vessel. Such a space would probably have, but not be limited to: command and control capability of the vessel, its own self-contained air-conditioning; emergency rations; water; supply; good external communications; emergency shut down capability for the main and auxiliary engines; and remotely operated CCTV cameras.Best Management Practices (5)

  • Safe Muster Points and CitadelsCitadel GuidelinesMembers are strongly urged to make sure that they are fully aware of the MSCHOA guidance on Citadels which is available on the MSCHOA web site at Best Management Practices (6)

  • Complex issues and serious consequences:Not all flag states permit arms onboardNot all port states will permit vessels to enter port limits or berth with arms on board. Conflicts and complexities with the ship's security plan and the port security plan. The companies offering armed services are unregulated and owners have no ability to assess their suitability to bear arms or undertake the tasks to be performed. Issues relating to adequate insurance including P&I cover. Issues relating to the appropriate response of an armed guard to a threat of attack. Legal consequences and complexities in the event of an armed guard using lethal force on a pirate, or on a civilian or crew member in error, or even the armed guard suffering fatal injuries or death as a result of his actions. The legal position and liability in the event that an armed guard causes damage to the ship or cargo or an environmental incident. General safety aspects on the vessel, such as the adequacy of Life Saving Appliances and lifeboat/life-raft capacity. Dangers associated with hazardous cargo and non-intrinsic equipment (firearms). Current issues:1. Use of firearms onboard merchant ships

  • The INTERTANKO Position

    1. INTERTANKO believes it is the responsibility of the international navies to ensure the right of free passage on the high seas including the use of vessel protection detachments (VPD) on merchant ships2. INTERTANKO does not advocate the arming ships' crews. 3. INTERTANKO believes that the use of private armed guards; private security forces or mercenaries onboard merchant ships has to be a matter for each individual owner or manager to assess as part of their own voyage risk assessmentCurrent issues:1. Use of firearms onboard merchant ships

  • full implementation of BMP3 and the reporting requirements by all merchant vessels transiting the high risk area is a cornerstone of merchant vessel protection Common question how many vessels comply with BMP?Not REPORTING and Not implementing SPMs Military observation: LRITFlag information Ship list established- issued to industry associations bi-weekly Industry to follow up and ensure:1. report to UKMTO;2. register with MSCHOA;3. comply with BMP3;4. have adequate self-protective measures in place.Current issues:2. Compliance with the BMP

  • Third party convoys?Reporting to UKMTO Registering with MSCHOA and Implementing adequate SPMs is.........still important!

    Current issues:2. Compliance with the BMP cntd.

  • Both industry and governments recognize that eliminating piracy is a shared responsibility and each is doing their part

    Significant progress has been made by both, BUT, more must be done to eradicate piracy and we must work together to do it

    Adherence to Best Management Practices is still incomplete

    Maintaining assets and resources will be a challenge for both governments and industry associations over the medium/longer term

    More owners are resorting to the use of armed guards

    Any escalation of activity/levels of violence will create new challenges

    The solution to the Somali problem stills seems as distant as ever

    There is a risk that the Somali model is copied elsewhereConcluding remarks

  • INTERTANKO continues to urge Governments to robustly pursue the prosecution of those committing acts of piracy on the high seas.Seek a final solution to the root cause of piracy in the Gulf of Aden, off the coast of Somalia, the Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Guinea, the waters adjacent to the Singapore Straits and other high-risk areas;Ensure that safety and security are reinstated in current identified high-risk piracy areas by addressing the long-term root causes of piracy ashore in Somalia.Moving forward

  • thank

    The situation in recent weeks though has changed radically. Not only are there now 30 ships and more than 700 seafarers in captivity for as long as seven months on average, but also the pirates are employing new tactics. They make greater use of so-called mother ships, some of them large hijacked vessels, which has vastly expanded their range of operation to encompass much of the Arabian Sea between the Gulf of Aden, Somalia and India. They make use of increased firepower to attack, and there are r