Class 16 & 17

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<ul><li> 1. <ul><li>Pastevents. </li></ul>-Adverbs of time.<br />-Use of adjectives.<br />-Comparatives and superlatives.<br />-Future tense.<br />-Will and goingto. <br />Professor: Manuel Moreno<br />CLASS N 16 &amp; 17<br />Professor: Manuel Moreno<br /></li> <li> 2. CONVERSATION 1<br />Bruce: Haveyoueverworkedbefore, Alice? <br />Alice: Yes. Around a yearago I workedfor a software company in Seattle. <br />Bruce: Thatsawesome. And wheredidyoustudy? <br />Alice: I studied software engineering in theUniversity of Ottawa. <br />conversation 2<br />Richard: Hey John. Did you play tennis yesterday? <br />John: No, I totally forgot about my practice session! <br />Richard: And what did you do instead of it? <br />John: I played my guitar all day long.<br /></li> <li> 3. Adverbs of time<br />Some adverbs tell us when something happened.<br />These include: afterwards, later, now, soon, yesterday etc.<br />For example:-<br /> Yesterdayall my troubles seemed so far away.- In this sentenceyesterdayshows us when the singers troubles seemed so far away..<br /></li> <li> 4. Other adverbs of time include:-<br /> Time Example Saturday, Sunday... I am going to the shops on Monday. Today I've been to the shops today. Yesterday I went yesterday. Next week/month/year I am going next week. Last week/month/year I went last year. <br /> Finally I finally went. Eventually I eventually went to the shops. Already I've already been to the shops. Soon I'm going to the shops soon. Just I'm just going to the shops. Still I'm still at the shops.<br /></li> <li> 5. </li> <li> 6. ANSWERS:<br /></li> <li> 7. Types of Adjectives<br /></li> <li> 8. </li> <li> 9. QualifyingAdjectives<br />Awake despierto<br />Asleep dormido<br />Beautiful hermoso<br />Ugly feo<br />big grande<br />Small pequeo<br />bitter amargo<br />Sweet dulce<br />dead muerto<br />Alive vivo<br />deep profundo<br />Shallow superficial<br />dirty sucio<br />clean limpio<br />expensive caro<br />Cheap barato<br />Far lejano<br />Near cercano<br /></li> <li> 10. fast rpido<br />Slow lento<br />fat gordo<br />thin flaco, delgado<br />full lleno<br />empty vaco<br />glad contento<br />sad triste<br />good bueno<br />bad malo<br />happy feliz<br />sorry apenado<br />hard duro <br />soft blando<br />Healthy saludable<br />sick enfermo<br />Heavy pesado<br />light liviano<br />High alto<br />Low bajo<br />hot caliente<br />cold fro<br />long largo<br />shortcorto<br />newnuevo<br />oldviejo<br />polite corts<br />rude grosero<br />Poorpobre <br /></li> <li> 11. Comparison<br />We use thecomparativeformwhenwewantto compare twoobjects. Tomakethesecomparisonweneedtobeaware of certain rules:<br />Wehavetoadd er totheadjective, or r ifitendswith e.<br />Short- Shorter Tall-Taller.<br />e.g., He is taller thanhisbrother.<br /> He isshorterthanhisbrother.<br />Yourpencilislargerthan mine.<br />Yourpencilissmallerthan mine.<br /></li> <li> 12. Ifthewordendswith a vowel + consonant, weaddanotherconsonant.<br />big-bigger. Hot-hotter sad-sadder<br />e.g., Summerishotterthan Winter.<br />Romanticmovies are sadderthancomedies.<br />Theelephantisbiggerthanthe mouse.<br /></li> <li> 13. Ifthewordendswith y, wechangeitfor ier.<br />Happy-happier. Dry-Drier<br /> He ishappierthanhisfriend.<br /> He issadderthanhisfriend.<br />The Atacama DesertisdrierthanthePacificOcean.<br />ThePacificOceaniswetterthanthe Atacama Desert. <br /></li> <li> 14. Whentheadjective has more than 3 syllables, thecomparativeisformedbyusingtheword more beforetheadjective.<br /> A car is more expensive than a bicycle.<br />Albert Einstein is more intelligentthanHomer Simpson.<br /></li> <li> 15. Superlatives<br />Weformthesuperlativeformwiththefollowing rules:<br />Wehavetoadd est totheadjective, or st ifitendswith e.<br />Small- theSmallest Nice- theNicest<br />Ifthewordendswith a vowel + consonant, weaddanotherconsonant.<br />Big- thebiggest hot- thehottest sad- thesaddest<br /></li> <li> 16. Ifthewordendswith y, wechangeitfor iest.<br />happy - thehappiestface.<br />Healthy Thehealthiestfood.<br /></li> <li> 17. 3 or more syllablesadjectives.<br />Thesuperlativeisformedbyusingtheword themost beforetheadjective.<br />Themostexpensivehouse. <br />Themostbeautifulgirl.<br />Themostcomfortablebed.<br /></li> <li> 18. Exceptions<br />There are someexceptionstothe rules, thesewordsdontfollowthesamepattern of rules. These are the irregular forms of adjectives.<br /></li> <li> 19. </li> <li> 20. Less than (menos que..)<br />Itisusedforadjectivesthathave 3 or more syllables.<br />E.g., Living in Chile is LESS expensivethan living in the U.S.A<br />E.g., Sheis AS tall AS my brother.<br />E.g., Living in Chile isnot as/so expensive as living in Europe.<br />EQUAL COMPARISON: AS AS<br />NOT AS<br /></li> <li> 21. Note: <br /><ul><li>the wordthanfrequently accompanies the comparative and the wordthe precedes the superlative. </li> <li> 22. Adjectives that end in a vowel and one consonantdoublethat final consonant: </li> <li> 23. big bigger the biggest </li> <li> 24. hot hotter the hottest </li> <li> 25. wet wetter the wettest</li></ul></li></ul>