Chapter 24, Section 3 “The Jazz Age” ENTERTAINMENT

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<ul><li><p>Chapter 24, Section 3The Jazz AgeENTERTAINMENT</p></li><li><p>Jump in Entertainment More leisure time for Americans as working hours shortened (8 hour days) and labor-saving appliances for homes became available1929 Americans spent 4 billion on entertainment.100% jump in ten years! How were they entertaining themselves? </p></li><li><p>RadioFirst commercial radio station was KDKA in Pittsburgh in 1920 which broadcast the presidential election result (Harding won)1921 World Series broadcast nationwideBy 1930 60% of families had a radio First shows included news, weather, sports, music, and political speechesLater broadcasts included dramas, soap operas, comedies, and childrens shows (just like the shows that eventually would be on TV)</p></li><li><p>Early Movies1891 Thomas Edison files for a patent on his motion-picture projectorIn 1907 there were about 4,000 small nickelodeon cinemas with films accompanied by a pianistFirst blockbuster full-length movie was Birth of a Nation in 1915 (contained racism and depictions of the KKK after the Civil War)</p></li><li><p>HollywoodBecame a boomtown in the 1910s and 1920s for the movie businessThe sleepy village outside of Los Angeles grew to be the largest film-producing location in the worldShops, restaurants, hotels, and neighborhoods grew to support the rich and famous residents and visitors to the town</p></li><li><p>Silent Movie StarsComedy Charlie Chaplin as the TrampAmericas Sweetheart Mary PickfordThe King of Hollywood Douglas FairbanksThe three along with director D.W. Griffiths (Birth of a Nation) combined to create United Artists production company to make their own films</p></li><li><p>Movies in the 1920sMovies were silent until 1927In The Jazz Singer in 1927 Al Jolson famously looks into the camera and thrills audiences by saying You aint heard nothin yet.1910: 5,000 Theatres in US 1930: 22,500 Theaters in US1929: 125 Million Americans, 80 million movie tickets sold a week! </p></li><li><p>Impact of Radio and Movies on 1920s SocietyThey brought images and ideas to them that they would not get at home (could dream of doing different things with their lives)This created a national popular culture:They copied language from movies and radio (slang)They copied hairstyles and fashions from moviesThey became more informed in national and international news</p></li><li><p>Sports Baseball: </p><p>George Herman Babe Ruth Considered the greatest player to ever play Records:714 Career Homeruns60 homeruns in a season60th HomerunCelebrity Status </p></li><li><p>Sports: Boxing Jack Dempsey World Heavyweight Champion from 1919 to 1926Manassa Mauler60-7-8. 50 KOs Dempsey vs. Willard (the fight he first won the title in)</p></li><li><p>Sports: FootballJim Thorpe Native American (from Sauk and Fox tribes)Perhaps the greatest multi sport athlete ever Won gold medals in Olympics (decathlon and pentathlon) Played professional baseball &amp; football as wellOverview of his achievements</p></li><li><p>Charles LindberghAs a 25-year-old U.S. Air Mail pilot, Lindbergh emerged from obscurity to virtually instantaneous world fame6 well-known pilots failed to make the first solo non-stop flight across the AtlanticLindbergh did it in 1927 by flying from New York to Paris</p></li><li><p>Amelia EarhartIn 1928 Earhart was the first woman fly solo across the Atlantic OceanShe set many other records, wrote best-selling books about her flying experiencesDuring an attempt to make a circumnavigational flight of the globe in 1937, she disappeared over the central Pacific Ocean </p></li></ul>