Ch9.guided reading

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Students use this to complete Chapter 9 guided reading activities (pg 3 & 4 in you TOC).


<ul><li>1.9-1 DEFININGWhat are political parties? mentandlaw/politicalparties/Associations of voters with common interestswho want to influence decision making ingovernment by electing their candidates topublic office.</li></ul> <p>2. 9-1 EXPLAININGWhy did George Washington not want political parties to form? politicalpartyorigins/He believed parties would be a source of conflictthat could tear the nation apart. 3. 9-1 DESCRIBINGWhy do single-issue parties form?To promote a social, economic, or moral issue. 4. 9-1 EXPLAININGWhat is the goal of ideological parties?To change society in major ways. 5. 9-1 EXPLAININGWhy do the two major parties seem so similar?Because they take moderate positions to attractlarge numbers of voters. 6. 9-1 COMPARINGWhat is the difference between a platform and a plank?A platform tells voters what the party will do ifvoters elect them into office. A plank is eachindividual part of the platform. 7. 9-2 SUMMARIZINGWhat does a political partys national committee do?It helps raise funds for presidential elections and organizes the partys national convention. 8. 9-2 DESCRIBINGHow has the nomination of presidential candidateschanged over the years?In the past, delegates decided on the candidate. Now, primary elections are used to narrow down the candidates and the nomination is already determined by the time of the convention. andlaw/primariesandcaucuses/ 9. 9-2 EXPLAININGWhat is the job of a precinct captain?To organize party volunteers during campaignsand encourage voters on election day. 10. 9-2 EVALUATINGWhy does the county chairperson have so much political influence in the county?Because they build grassroots support and thegovernor or senator may consult them foradvice on the appointment of public officials. 11. 9-2 CONCLUDINGWhy is it important to build grassroots support for a party?Grassroots support is at the community level andlets local party leaders see what issues areimportant to voters so they can affect voters. 12. 9-2 EXPLAININGHow are political machines generally viewedtoday?Today they are considered harmful andunresponsive to the communitys needs whenin power too long. Political leaders mightbecome less concerned with the voters whenthey do not have to worry about reelection. 13. 9-3 IDENTIFYINGWho selects the candidates for public office?Political parties 14. 9-3 DESCRIBINGWhat happens during direct primaries?Voters choose candidates to represent each partyin a general election. 15. 9-3 CONTRASTINGWhat is the difference between an open and closed primary?Only declared members of a party may vote in aclosed primary. Anyone may vote in an openprimary. 16. 9-3 EXPLAININGWhat is the purpose of a runoff primary?To select a candidate when none of the candidatesreceive the majority of the vote. When thishappens, the top two candidates run again in arunoff. 17. 9-3 EVALUATINGHow are party ties instrumental in helpingdifferent levels and branches of governmentcooperate?Because the public officials are from the sameparty they are likely to have similar goals andideas and may join forces to fight a commonproblem. 18. 9-3 EXPLAININGWhy do parties out of power act as watchdogs?The monitor and criticize the party in power inhopes of attracting voters in future elections. 19. POLITICAL BELIEFS WHERE DO YOU STAND? mentandlaw/politicalbeliefs/ </p>