central america. middle america latin america  different cultural region from us and canada  2...

Download Central America. Middle America Latin America  Different cultural region from US and Canada  2 sub regions of Latin America: Middle America and South

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  • Slide 1
  • Central America
  • Slide 2
  • Slide 3
  • Middle America
  • Slide 4
  • Latin America Different cultural region from US and Canada 2 sub regions of Latin America: Middle America and South America Latin people speak languages that descended from Latin Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, French
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  • Middle America Consists of nations and islands that lie between the US and South America Called a Land Bridge btw North America and South America Mexico Central America The West Indies
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  • I. Mexico Largest Spanish speaking population Pop. Exceeds all other middle America countries combined Second largest city in the world
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  • Map of Mexico Points of Interest Baja California Sea of Cortes/ Gulf of California Yucatan Peninsula Mountains: Sierra Madre Oriental and Sierra Madre Occidental Chihuahuan Desert Copper Canyon
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  • Cities in N. Mexico Most people live in the South A few Northern cities Tijuana and Juarez- large border towns Monterrey- ultra modern city, 150 miles south of border
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  • Northern Mexico Hot and dry climate Desert and semiarid grasslands dominate Irrigation allows some farming to exist Cattle ranching is common American cowboys patterned their clothing, skills and gear after Mexican Vaqueros
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  • Mexico City Largest city in North America Bad location: mountains trap pollution, active earthquake area, chain of volcanoes along s. edge of the city Strong Roman Catholic culture Our Lady of the Guadalupe- most visited Catholic landmark besides the Vatican
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  • Shrine of Our Lady of the Guadalupe
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  • Trade Relations NAFTA- North American Free Trade Agreement Between US, Canada and Mexico Signed in 1993 2 nd largest free trade zone, behind EU Controversial treaty for all 3 countries CAFTA- Central American Free Trade Agreement In process signed by US and 6 Central American countries
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  • Aztecs Ingenious builders City: Tenochtitlan Temple to the Sun God (Quetzalcoatl) where they performed human sacrifices Conquered in 1519 by Cortes and neighboring tribes
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  • Mayans Ancient Mayan Indians built massive cities and pyramids in southern jungles of Mexico Most famous because of written records Had accurate calendars helped decipher their hieroglyphics About 2 million descendants still live in Central America Built Chichen Itza, most famous Mayan ruin Has more than 100 structures 75 ft high pyramid Temple of the Warriors
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  • Chichen Itza
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  • II. Central America Isthmus- narrow land bridge- connects Mexico with South America 7 small countries in this region all 7 would fit in Texas Guatemala Belize El Salvador Honduras Nicaragua Costa Rica Panama >Lands of the Maya
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  • CA Countries Guatemala- largest population and largest city in CA: Guatemala City Belize- settled by the British, member of British commonwealth (like Canada) smallest population in Central America highest black population in CA- descendants of slaves brought to work on plantations home of the Belize Barrier Reef
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  • CA Countries El Salvador- famous for volcanoes (24+) San Salvador- large metropolitan area, only touches Pacific Ocean Honduras- most people are peasants and live in one room bamboo homes called ranchos 90% mestizo (mixed Indian and Spanish ancestry) banana republic: politically unstable country, dependent on limited agriculture
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  • CA Countries Nicaragua- Lake Nicaragua has worlds only freshwater sharks largest country in CA, stifled economy due to political divisions, fell to communism in 1979 and finally became free in 1989 Costa Rica- rich coast, highest per capita GDP in CA coffee and bananas- biggest exports Best education, sanitation, health care and public services of any CA country 95% of landowners are direct descendants of early Spanish settlers still farming the same, efficient way
  • Slide 22
  • CA Countries Panama- most developed of CA countries, 2 nd highest per capita GDP due to Panama Canal and related jobs, Crossroads of the World, US had control of the canal until 1999 Panama Canal (video)
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  • III. West Indies Columbus discovered islands in 1492, landing in the Bahamas first and then Cuba and Hispaniola- thought he was in India Between Florida and the N. coast of South America are about 1000 islands Combined these make up the West Indies 3 Groups Bahamas Greater Antilles Lesser Antilles
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  • The Bahamas Formed from coral rather than volcanic lava No mountains, no good soil but high standard of living Spanish didnt think they were important, British founded a colony Now independent member of British Commonwealth Fishing was the main industry in past, now tourism thrives Capital: Nassau on the island of New Providence
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  • Greater Antilles Made up of Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica and Puerto Rico Islands are the crest of an underwater mountain range Spanish settled these areas and produced mainly sugar cane Most people on Jamaica and Hispaniola are descendants of slaves brought to the plantations The people of Cuba and Puerto Rico are predominantly of Spanish heritage
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  • Cuba Slightly larger than Tennessee Largest and most populous in West Indies US still controls Guantanamo Bay- naval base Fell to Fidel Castro in 1950, first communist government in Western Hemisphere Havana: capital city
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  • Hispaniola Haiti and the Dominican Republic Two countries occupy the island of Hispaniola Haiti- western half, poorest country in Western Hemisphere, voodoo beliefs create problems, speak Creole Dominican Republic- eastern side, blend of customs of Africa and Spain
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  • Jamaica Spanish colony for 150 yrs, then British conquered 95% of pop. Today are descendants of slaves brought in to work on sugar plantations Religion: Roman Catholic, Protestant and Rastafarian Independent in 1962
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  • Puerto Rico Commonwealth of the United States since 1951 U.S. citizens with most of the privileges of other Americans (cannot vote in Presidential elections) Some support for becoming the 51 st state Manufacturing is main source of income
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  • Lesser Antilles Form the Eastern boundary of the Caribbean Sea Two outlying, independent countries in the Lesser Antilles: Trinidad and Tobago Barbados In the North Includes: Virgin Islands, Anguilla, Independent countries: St. Kitts and Nevis, Antigua, Barbuda In the South Suffer from hurricanes Martinique, St. Lucia, Grenada
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  • Haitis Earthquake 80% of the population in Haiti is living under the poverty line. Most Haitians live on less than $2 a day. The quake struck on January 12, 2010 at 4:53 p.m. The 7.0 magnitude quake's epicenter hit just 10 miles west of Porte-au-Prince and its 2 million inhabitants
  • Slide 34
  • Haitis Earthquake Before After

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