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YOUNG PEOPLE’S CONCERTS 2016-2017 STUDY GUIDE 1 | Page ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN January 31, 2017 All Ages Compiled and edited by Melanie Darby Table of Contents About the ARTIST ................................................................................................................................. 2 About the PROGRAM.............................................................................................................................. 2 Background on STEEL PAN................................................................................................................... 3 VOCABULARY............................................................................................................................................ 5 PRE-PERFORMANCE ACTIVITIES.................................................................................................... 5 POST PERFORMANCE ............................................................................................................................ 6 ACTIVITIES (K-5) ................................................................................................................................. 7 Making Steel Drums Caribbean Style! ................................................................................................ 7 CROSS CURRICULAR CONNECTIONS and STANDARDS....................................................... 10 REFERENCES AND RESOURCES...................................................................................................... 11

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YOUNG PEOPLE’S CONCERTS 2016-2017 STUDY GUIDE

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ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN

ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN

January 31, 2017

All Ages

Compiled and edited by Melanie Darby

Table of Contents About the ARTIST ................................................................................................................................. 2

About the PROGRAM .............................................................................................................................. 2

Background on STEEL PAN................................................................................................................... 3

VOCABULARY............................................................................................................................................ 5

PRE-PERFORMANCE ACTIVITIES .................................................................................................... 5

POST PERFORMANCE ............................................................................................................................ 6

ACTIVITIES (K-5) ................................................................................................................................. 7

Making Steel Drums Caribbean Style! ................................................................................................ 7

CROSS CURRICULAR CONNECTIONS and STANDARDS....................................................... 10

REFERENCES AND RESOURCES ...................................................................................................... 11

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ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN

1000+ images about Steel Pan Trinidad on Pinterest | Trinidad, Steel. .................................. 12

Ellie Mannette: Father of the Modern Steel Drum - YouTube ................................................... 12

Ellie Mannette & Invaders - Wizards of the Steel Drum - YouTube ......................................... 12

Steel Drum Note Layout and Function - Steel Drum Shop ........................................................ 12

Steelpan - Trinidad and Tobago .................................................................................................... 12

Atlanta Steel Pan & Island Music Videos ..................................................................................... 12

About the ARTIST

Also known as Atlanta’s Jazz Pan Man, Paul Vogler of Atlanta Steel Pan began in 1967 as

drummer in rock & roll garage band. In 1977 Paul came home to Atlanta joining Possum Trot, an

eclectic/electric bluegrass band. Possum Trot played Burt Reynolds Club and cast parties for

both Kristy McNichol and Jody Foster. They also played the sets of Don Knox & Tim Conway’s

1979 movie: The Prize Fighter. Possum Trot opened for and appeared with The Nitty Gritty

Dirt Band, Elvin Bishop and others.

As a public educator at public and private schools (Baylor and McCallie schools of Chattanooga)

and universities including UTC and Georgia Perimeter College. Paul Vogler lectured on World

Music, Percussion, Jazz Studies and Electronic Music and directed Jazz Band and Orchestra.

Paul’s company, Atlanta Event Music, has provided educational programming since 1995,

receiving the 1997 Dorothy Mullen National Arts Award for “The Bessie Bus”, a mobile jazz

and blues program. Currently, Paul maintains an active performance schedule with Atlanta

Steel Pan and Island Music, the Atlanta Jazz Trio, and 2nd Line Atlanta while continuing to

teach private lessons.

About the PROGRAM

Atlanta Steel Pan takes you on a musical tour of Latin American music in the Caribbean

Islands! Learn how the musical, rhythmic and instrumental influences of Spain and

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ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN

Africa influenced Latin America, the Caribbean Islands, and the USA. A whirlwind

musical tour around the world and through history!

Caribbean music includes many styles from many countries and territories. These

Island Nations and territories include a rich and diverse group music cultures we

collectively call Caribbean. Music influences from Africa, Europe and the United

States include Rhythm, Melody Harmony and Instruments.

Some famous musical styles from this region are Calypso (Trinidad), Reggae (Jamaica)

and Salsa (Cuba).

The continent of South America lies East of the Caribbean Islands. There are many

countries and music cultures in South America. We will only include Samba and Bossa

Nova from Brazil as it relates to Caribbean musical style as a whole.

Background on STEEL PAN

Steel Pan

Steel pans (also known as steel drums or pans, and sometimes, collectively with other

musicians, as a steel band or orchestra) is a musical instrument originating from

Trinidad and Tobago. The metallic surface is concave. Steel pan musicians are called

pannists.

The modern pan is a pitched percussion instrument made from 55 gallon industrial

drums that formerly contained chemicals. Drum refers to the steel drum containers

from which the pans are made; the steel drum is more correctly called a steel pan or

pan as it falls into the idiophone family of instruments, and so is not a drum (which is a

membranophone). Other instruments in the idiophone family include xylophones,

cymbals, and glockenspiel.

The playing surface of the pan is divided into convex sections by channels, grooves,

and/bores. Each convex section is played by using a pair of straight sticks tipped with

rubber to strike the surface; the size and type of rubber tip varies according to the

class of pan being played. Some musicians use four pan sticks, holding two in each hand.

This skill and performance has grown out of Trinidad and Tobago's early 20th-century

Carnival percussion group. The pan is the national instrument of Trinidad and Tobago.

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ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN

Steel pans (steel drums) were created on the Caribbean island of Trinidad in the 1930s,

but steel pan history can be traced back to the enslaved Africans who were brought to the

islands during the 1700s. They carried with them elements of their African culture

including the playing of hand drums. These drums

became the main percussion instruments in the annual

Trinidadian carnival festivities.

In 1877, the ruling British government banned the

playing of drums in an effort to suppress aspects of

Carnival which were considered offensive. Bamboo

stamping tubes were used to replace the hand drums as

they produced sounds comparable to the hand drum

when they were pounded on the ground.

These tubes were played in ensembles called tamboo bamboo bands. Non-traditional

instruments like scrap metal, metal containers, graters and dustbins were also used in

tamboo bamboo bands. However, by the 1930’s these metal instruments dominated the

tamboo bamboo bands. The bamboo tubes were eventually abandoned and replaced by the

metal instruments. These early metal pan bands were a rustic combination of a wide

variety of metallic containers and kitchen utensils which were struck with open hands,

fists or sticks.

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ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN

The metal pan players discovered that the raised areas of the metal containers made a

different sound to those areas that were flat. Through experimentation, coincidence, trial

and error, and ingenuity on the part of numerous innovators, the metal pan bands evolved

into the steel pan family of instruments.

As the pan makers knowledge and technique improved, so did the sound of the instrument.

VOCABULARY

Concave: hollowed or rounded inward like the inside of a bowl

Convex: curved or rounded outward like the exterior of a sphere or circle

Idiophones: an instrument the whole of which vibrates to produce a sound when struck,

shaken, or scraped, such as a xylophone, cymbal, glockenspiel, bell, gong, or rattle.

Membranophone: is any musical instrument which produces sound primarily by way of a

vibrating stretched membrane.

Pannists: a musician who plays a steel pan

Steel Pan: a musical instrument originating from Trinidad and Tobago. They are made

from 55 gallon industrial drums that formerly contained chemicals. Drum refers to the

steel drum containers from which the pans are made.

PRE-PERFORMANCE ACTIVITIES

Prepare (Pre- or pre-performance)

Before the program, discuss with your students what makes a good audience.

Compare appropriate behavior for different kinds of audience situations—e.g., rock

concert, sporting event, ballet.

Students will get more out of the program if they come prepared. Use this guide to

help students anticipate what to listen and look for.

Set a good example. Catch up on paperwork and email after the performance.

Warm Up Questions to set the stage for engaging students:

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ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN

What is percussion?

Can anyone name a type of drum?

What role do drums usually play in theatre, historic paintings, movies, or in a band?

How do drums vary from culture to culture?

How are drums played?

What are drumsticks? Why do you think they are called sticks?

Can drums be used for communication—how?

What are some ways you could learn to play the drum?

What do you think the first drum ever built looked like?

What is the Caribbean?

Can you name places located in the Caribbean Ocean? Warm Up Questions for meeting the Georgia Performance Standards for “Listening/Speaking/Viewing”:

Describe the perfect audience.

What are some of our class rules for being good listeners?

How do we show someone we appreciate their visit to our school or classroom?

How does being part of an audience help make you a good citizen?

What are some examples of bad audience behavior or attitudes?

How does a negative audience member effect your enjoyment of a show or performance?

How would this make the performer feel?

How do we want the performer to feel when they leave our school or classroom?

POST PERFORMANCE

Reflect (Post- or post-performance)

Reflection activities may vary, but some suggestions include—mapping some of the

places encountered in the musical journey; journaling about the performance

experience; creating a short in-class performance of rhythm using hands, finger-

snapping, or light desktop drumming (or combinations); list the names of the

instruments on the board and match them to their definitions or the sounds they

make; researching the history of drums or allowing students to create their own drum

which explores their cultural background or cultures currently being studied; learning

counts or beats which mirror mathematical concepts; reading stories which feature

drums or drumming; investigating the role of drums during battles; challenging

students to draw, or devise a way to recreate their favorite percussion instrument

from the show.

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ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN

ACTIVITIES (K-5)

Find the Caribbean on a map; discuss how far it is from where students live; what are the major borders or bodies or water

the Caribbean & have them put it together individually, in cooperative large or small groups, or in think-pair-share; then label the capital, cities, or major political or geographical landmarks

now about Caribbean music or history and record it on a graphic organizer for a “before-and-after” comparison or fill in a K-W-L Chart chronicling What do you KNOW about Caribbean music / What do you WANT to learn / What did you LEARN

on on the Internet or use technology to introduce Caribbean

match them before and after the performance to their sounds or names or the way they looked

Making Steel Drums

Caribbean Style!

You will need an empty juice carton. Give it a wash out and with some sharp scissors, carefully cut

out two of the sides. Cut off the top but not the bottom. You should end up with a shape like a

slanted roof that will be the steel drum`s base.

The bottom of the carton is now the shape of a triangle which you can use as a template to make

the other end of your base.

To do this, use one of the

discarded sides and cut out a big

enough oblong for the triangle

shape. Its length should be the

same as the long triangle side and

its height the same as the height

of the triangle.

Use a felt tip to mark your triangle and fold these 2 lines. Now check the picture that you have a

triangle with sides that will be used to attach it to the base end.

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ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN

Use a stapler to fix it into place and paper over your base in a paper of your choice. I chose the

same color as the steel drum to make it look uniform.

Making Steel Drums Using Tin

Foil

You need a tin foil plate. We got

ours from Mr. Kipling tarts. Loved

having an excuse to buy and eat 2.

It was for a good cause so I`m

not suffering any pangs of

conscience. We need the plates

for our Summer Work Shop you

know!

Take the plate and use its diameter to mark out where the holes for the legs (aka) 2 skewers or

garden sticks.

Once you have punched your holes,

push the skewers through and put

a piece of blue tack on the ends.

This will support the base by

fixing it to the table top. Put this

aside until you make the drum.

To make the drum, join two

lengthwise strips of A4 metallic

card together and then use your

tin foil plate upside down as a

template by wrapping the metallic

card strip around inside the

lip. This is important so that the

pan can fit inside the drum. Hold

it in place while you staple it to

make a cylinder.

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ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN

See how it looks just like a steel

drum!

If you want to decorate the drum,

punch holes around the edge of

the card for ribbons.

Now tape the skewers to the

inside of the drum on both side to

secure.

If you want a crisscross design, make some holes around the bottom too. You can decorate it any

style you like. Try and think of one.

Making Steel Drums Look

Colorful

Get your ribbon and weave it

between the holes. If you take a

spoon and pull the ribbon between

your thumb and the spoon, it will

curl up like the ribbon in the

photo.

Weave diagonally from hole to hole, then work the other way to get the crisscross effect.

When you’re finished, sit the tin foil plate on the top of the drum. It should fit snuggling with the

lip overlapping the edge. Now get another 2 skewers, put some blue tack on the ends or some large

beads for the drum sticks and you have an awesome steel drum kit.

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ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN

CROSS CURRICULAR CONNECTIONS and

STANDARDS

Page Standard Explanation

MK-5GM.6 Listening to, analyzing, and describing music a. Identify specific music events in an aural example, given appropriate terminology. b. Identify characteristics of musical elements in music which represent diverse genres and cultures.

MK-5GM.7 Evaluating music and music performances. a. Evaluate musical performances of themselves and others. b. Explain personal preferences for specific musical works and styles using appropriate vocabulary.

M6-12GM.9 Understanding music in relation to history and culture a. Perform, listen, move and/or distinguish between music from various historical periods and cultures (e.g., various world regions). b. Describe how music and musicians function in various cultures. c. Demonstrate appropriate audience behavior for the context and style of music performed

Program Focus

SSKG2 The student will explain that a map is a drawing of a place and a globe is a model of the Earth. a. Differentiate land and water features on simple maps and globes.

SS1G2 The student will identify and locate his/her city, county, state, nation, and continent on a simple map or a globe.

SS1G3 The student will locate major topographical features of the earth’s surface.

a. Locate all of the continents: North America, South America, Africa,

Europe, Asia, Antarctica, and Australia.

SS3E3 The student will give examples of interdependence and trade and will

explain how voluntary exchange benefits both parties.

SS6G1 The student will locate selected features of Latin America and the Caribbean.

SS6G4 The student will describe the cultural characteristics of people who live in Latin

America and the Caribbean. a. Describe the results of blending of ethnic

groups in Latin America and the Caribbean

SS6H1 The student will describe the impact of European contact on Latin America

SS6H2 The student will explain the development of Latin America and the Caribbean

from European colonies to independent nations.

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ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN

REFERENCES AND RESOURCES

http://www.steelpan-steeldrums-information.com/steel-pan-history.html

Steelpan Odyssey -- Trinidad and Tobago https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yL1RQ9FGZyE

The Map of Notes on a Steel Pan http://thekidshouldseethis.com/post/24611688558 http://www.koolkidscrafts.com/making-steel-drums.html

Development and History of the Steelpan The Skin Drum Era- West African drumming heritage in Colonial Trinidad 1700’s-Late 1800’s Tamboo Bamboo Era- Late 1800’- Early 1930’s- Bamboo sticks, bottles, and spoons Garbage Can Era- Mid 1930’s - The 1st Steel Bands… Used a variety of metal cans played with cut off broom handles. Pre-Melody Pans- Late 1930’s- Made from smaller 15-25 gallon steel containers Ping-Pong Era- Early 1940’s-1945- 30-35 gallon containers. Winston “Spree” Simon- 1st to play a melody on steelpan, invented the “Spider” Pan Ellie Mannette reversed the playing surface to a concave bowl, made the Barracuda pan. Introduction of the 55 gallon drum- 1946- Birth of the modern Steel Drum instrument Ellie Mannette invents the “Invader” Pan Pan-Around-the-Neck Era- 1947-Mid 1950’s –Steelpan bands carry pans on straps and march in parades. State of the Art Era- Begins with electronic tuning, Circle of Fifths note placement, chrome finishes and placing Steel Pans on stands.

Links to check out

SSWG2 The student will explain the cultural aspects of geography.

SSWG7 The student will describe the interaction of physical and human systems that

have shaped contemporary Latin America.

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ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN

1000+ images about Steel Pan Trinidad on Pinterest | Trinidad, Steel.

Ellie Mannette: Father of the Modern Steel Drum - YouTube

Ellie Mannette & Invaders - Wizards of the Steel Drum - YouTube Steel Drum Note Layout and Function - Steel Drum Shop Steelpan - Trinidad and Tobago Atlanta Steel Pan & Island Music Videos