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YOUNG PEOPLE’S CONCERTS 2016-2017 STUDY GUIDE 1 | Page ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN January 31, 2017 All Ages Compiled and edited by Melanie Darby Table of Contents About the ARTIST ................................................................................................................................. 2 About the PROGRAM.............................................................................................................................. 2 Background on STEEL PAN................................................................................................................... 3 VOCABULARY............................................................................................................................................ 5 PRE-PERFORMANCE ACTIVITIES.................................................................................................... 5 POST PERFORMANCE ............................................................................................................................ 6 ACTIVITIES (K-5) ................................................................................................................................. 7 Making Steel Drums Caribbean Style! ................................................................................................ 7 CROSS CURRICULAR CONNECTIONS and STANDARDS....................................................... 10 REFERENCES AND RESOURCES...................................................................................................... 11

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  • YOUNG PEOPLES CONCERTS 2016-2017 STUDY GUIDE

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    ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN

    ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN

    January 31, 2017

    All Ages

    Compiled and edited by Melanie Darby

    Table of Contents About the ARTIST ................................................................................................................................. 2

    About the PROGRAM .............................................................................................................................. 2

    Background on STEEL PAN................................................................................................................... 3

    VOCABULARY............................................................................................................................................ 5

    PRE-PERFORMANCE ACTIVITIES .................................................................................................... 5

    POST PERFORMANCE ............................................................................................................................ 6

    ACTIVITIES (K-5) ................................................................................................................................. 7

    Making Steel Drums Caribbean Style! ................................................................................................ 7

    CROSS CURRICULAR CONNECTIONS and STANDARDS....................................................... 10

    REFERENCES AND RESOURCES ...................................................................................................... 11

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    ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN

    1000+ images about Steel Pan Trinidad on Pinterest | Trinidad, Steel. .................................. 12

    Ellie Mannette: Father of the Modern Steel Drum - YouTube ................................................... 12

    Ellie Mannette & Invaders - Wizards of the Steel Drum - YouTube ......................................... 12

    Steel Drum Note Layout and Function - Steel Drum Shop ........................................................ 12

    Steelpan - Trinidad and Tobago .................................................................................................... 12

    Atlanta Steel Pan & Island Music Videos ..................................................................................... 12

    About the ARTIST

    Also known as Atlantas Jazz Pan Man, Paul Vogler of Atlanta Steel Pan began in 1967 as

    drummer in rock & roll garage band. In 1977 Paul came home to Atlanta joining Possum Trot, an

    eclectic/electric bluegrass band. Possum Trot played Burt Reynolds Club and cast parties for

    both Kristy McNichol and Jody Foster. They also played the sets of Don Knox & Tim Conways

    1979 movie: The Prize Fighter. Possum Trot opened for and appeared with The Nitty Gritty

    Dirt Band, Elvin Bishop and others.

    As a public educator at public and private schools (Baylor and McCallie schools of Chattanooga)

    and universities including UTC and Georgia Perimeter College. Paul Vogler lectured on World

    Music, Percussion, Jazz Studies and Electronic Music and directed Jazz Band and Orchestra.

    Pauls company, Atlanta Event Music, has provided educational programming since 1995,

    receiving the 1997 Dorothy Mullen National Arts Award for The Bessie Bus, a mobile jazz

    and blues program. Currently, Paul maintains an active performance schedule with Atlanta

    Steel Pan and Island Music, the Atlanta Jazz Trio, and 2nd Line Atlanta while continuing to

    teach private lessons.

    About the PROGRAM

    Atlanta Steel Pan takes you on a musical tour of Latin American music in the Caribbean

    Islands! Learn how the musical, rhythmic and instrumental influences of Spain and

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    ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN

    Africa influenced Latin America, the Caribbean Islands, and the USA. A whirlwind

    musical tour around the world and through history!

    Caribbean music includes many styles from many countries and territories. These

    Island Nations and territories include a rich and diverse group music cultures we

    collectively call Caribbean. Music influences from Africa, Europe and the United

    States include Rhythm, Melody Harmony and Instruments.

    Some famous musical styles from this region are Calypso (Trinidad), Reggae (Jamaica)

    and Salsa (Cuba).

    The continent of South America lies East of the Caribbean Islands. There are many

    countries and music cultures in South America. We will only include Samba and Bossa

    Nova from Brazil as it relates to Caribbean musical style as a whole.

    Background on STEEL PAN

    Steel Pan

    Steel pans (also known as steel drums or pans, and sometimes, collectively with other

    musicians, as a steel band or orchestra) is a musical instrument originating from

    Trinidad and Tobago. The metallic surface is concave. Steel pan musicians are called

    pannists.

    The modern pan is a pitched percussion instrument made from 55 gallon industrial

    drums that formerly contained chemicals. Drum refers to the steel drum containers

    from which the pans are made; the steel drum is more correctly called a steel pan or

    pan as it falls into the idiophone family of instruments, and so is not a drum (which is a

    membranophone). Other instruments in the idiophone family include xylophones,

    cymbals, and glockenspiel.

    The playing surface of the pan is divided into convex sections by channels, grooves,

    and/bores. Each convex section is played by using a pair of straight sticks tipped with

    rubber to strike the surface; the size and type of rubber tip varies according to the

    class of pan being played. Some musicians use four pan sticks, holding two in each hand.

    This skill and performance has grown out of Trinidad and Tobago's early 20th-century

    Carnival percussion group. The pan is the national instrument of Trinidad and Tobago.

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    ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN

    Steel pans (steel drums) were created on the Caribbean island of Trinidad in the 1930s,

    but steel pan history can be traced back to the enslaved Africans who were brought to the

    islands during the 1700s. They carried with them elements of their African culture

    including the playing of hand drums. These drums

    became the main percussion instruments in the annual

    Trinidadian carnival festivities.

    In 1877, the ruling British government banned the

    playing of drums in an effort to suppress aspects of

    Carnival which were considered offensive. Bamboo

    stamping tubes were used to replace the hand drums as

    they produced sounds comparable to the hand drum

    when they were pounded on the ground.

    These tubes were played in ensembles called tamboo bamboo bands. Non-traditional

    instruments like scrap metal, metal containers, graters and dustbins were also used in

    tamboo bamboo bands. However, by the 1930s these metal instruments dominated the

    tamboo bamboo bands. The bamboo tubes were eventually abandoned and replaced by the

    metal instruments. These early metal pan bands were a rustic combination of a wide

    variety of metallic containers and kitchen utensils which were struck with open hands,

    fists or sticks.

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    ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN

    The metal pan players discovered that the raised areas of the metal containers made a

    different sound to those areas that were flat. Through experimentation, coincidence, trial

    and error, and ingenuity on the part of numerous innovators, the metal pan bands evolved

    into the steel pan family of instruments.

    As the pan makers knowledge and technique improved, so did the sound of the instrument.

    VOCABULARY

    Concave: hollowed or rounded inward like the inside of a bowl

    Convex: curved or rounded outward like the exterior of a sphere or circle

    Idiophones: an instrument the whole of which vibrates to produce a sound when struck,

    shaken, or scraped, such as a xylophone, cymbal, glockenspiel, bell, gong, or rattle.

    Membranophone: is any musical instrument which produces sound primarily by way of a

    vibrating stretched membrane.

    Pannists: a musician who plays a steel pan

    Steel Pan: a musical instrument originating from Trinidad and Tobago. They are made

    from 55 gallon industrial drums that formerly contained chemicals. Drum refers to the

    steel drum containers from which the pans are made.

    PRE-PERFORMANCE ACTIVITIES

    Prepare (Pre- or pre-performance)

    Before the program, discuss with your students what makes a good audience.

    Compare appropriate behavior for different kinds of audience situationse.g., rock

    concert, sporting event, ballet.

    Students will get more out of the program if they come prepared. Use this guide to

    help students anticipate what to listen and look for.

    Set a good example. Catch up on paperwork and email after the performance.

    Warm Up Questions to set the stage for engaging students:

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    ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN

    What is percussion?

    Can anyone name a type of drum?

    What role do drums usually play in theatre, historic paintings, movies, or in a band?

    How do drums vary from culture to culture?

    How are drums played?

    What are drumsticks? Why do you think they are called sticks?

    Can drums be used for communicationhow?

    What are some ways you could learn to play the drum?

    What do you think the first drum ever built looked like?

    What is the Caribbean?

    Can you name places located in the Caribbean Ocean? Warm Up Questions for meeting the Georgia Performance Standards for Listening/Speaking/Viewing:

    Describe the perfect audience.

    What are some of our class rules for being good listeners?

    How do we show someone we appreciate their visit to our school or classroom?

    How does being part of an audience help make you a good citizen?

    What are some examples of bad audience behavior or attitudes?

    How does a negative audience member effect your enjoyment of a show or performance?

    How would this make the performer feel?

    How do we want the performer to feel when they leave our school or classroom?

    POST PERFORMANCE

    Reflect (Post- or post-performance) Reflection activities may vary, but some suggestions includemapping some of the

    places encountered in the musical journey; journaling about the performance

    experience; creating a short in-class performance of rhythm using hands, finger-

    snapping, or light desktop drumming (or combinations); list the names of the

    instruments on the board and match them to their definitions or the sounds they

    make; researching the history of drums or allowing students to create their own drum

    which explores their cultural background or cultures currently being studied; learning

    counts or beats which mirror mathematical concepts; reading stories which feature

    drums or drumming; investigating the role of drums during battles; challenging

    students to draw, or devise a way to recreate their favorite percussion instrument

    from the show.

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    ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN

    ACTIVITIES (K-5)

    Find the Caribbean on a map; discuss how far it is from where students live; what are the major borders or bodies or water

    the Caribbean & have them put it together individually, in cooperative large or small groups, or in think-pair-share; then label the capital, cities, or major political or geographical landmarks

    now about Caribbean music or history and record it on a graphic organizer for a before-and-after comparison or fill in a K-W-L Chart chronicling What do you KNOW about Caribbean music / What do you WANT to learn / What did you LEARN

    on on the Internet or use technology to introduce Caribbean

    match them before and after the performance to their sounds or names or the way they looked

    Making Steel Drums

    Caribbean Style!

    You will need an empty juice carton. Give it a wash out and with some sharp scissors, carefully cut

    out two of the sides. Cut off the top but not the bottom. You should end up with a shape like a

    slanted roof that will be the steel drum`s base.

    The bottom of the carton is now the shape of a triangle which you can use as a template to make

    the other end of your base.

    To do this, use one of the

    discarded sides and cut out a big

    enough oblong for the triangle

    shape. Its length should be the

    same as the long triangle side and

    its height the same as the height

    of the triangle.

    Use a felt tip to mark your triangle and fold these 2 lines. Now check the picture that you have a

    triangle with sides that will be used to attach it to the base end.

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    ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN

    Use a stapler to fix it into place and paper over your base in a paper of your choice. I chose the

    same color as the steel drum to make it look uniform.

    Making Steel Drums Using Tin

    Foil

    You need a tin foil plate. We got

    ours from Mr. Kipling tarts. Loved

    having an excuse to buy and eat 2.

    It was for a good cause so I`m

    not suffering any pangs of

    conscience. We need the plates

    for our Summer Work Shop you

    know!

    Take the plate and use its diameter to mark out where the holes for the legs (aka) 2 skewers or

    garden sticks.

    Once you have punched your holes,

    push the skewers through and put

    a piece of blue tack on the ends.

    This will support the base by

    fixing it to the table top. Put this

    aside until you make the drum.

    To make the drum, join two

    lengthwise strips of A4 metallic

    card together and then use your

    tin foil plate upside down as a

    template by wrapping the metallic

    card strip around inside the

    lip. This is important so that the

    pan can fit inside the drum. Hold

    it in place while you staple it to

    make a cylinder.

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    ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN

    See how it looks just like a steel

    drum!

    If you want to decorate the drum,

    punch holes around the edge of

    the card for ribbons.

    Now tape the skewers to the

    inside of the drum on both side to

    secure.

    If you want a crisscross design, make some holes around the bottom too. You can decorate it any

    style you like. Try and think of one.

    Making Steel Drums Look

    Colorful

    Get your ribbon and weave it

    between the holes. If you take a

    spoon and pull the ribbon between

    your thumb and the spoon, it will

    curl up like the ribbon in the

    photo.

    Weave diagonally from hole to hole, then work the other way to get the crisscross effect.

    When youre finished, sit the tin foil plate on the top of the drum. It should fit snuggling with the

    lip overlapping the edge. Now get another 2 skewers, put some blue tack on the ends or some large

    beads for the drum sticks and you have an awesome steel drum kit.

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    ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN

    CROSS CURRICULAR CONNECTIONS and

    STANDARDS

    Page Standard Explanation

    MK-5GM.6 Listening to, analyzing, and describing music a. Identify specific music events in an aural example, given appropriate terminology. b. Identify characteristics of musical elements in music which represent diverse genres and cultures.

    MK-5GM.7 Evaluating music and music performances. a. Evaluate musical performances of themselves and others. b. Explain personal preferences for specific musical works and styles using appropriate vocabulary.

    M6-12GM.9 Understanding music in relation to history and culture a. Perform, listen, move and/or distinguish between music from various historical periods and cultures (e.g., various world regions). b. Describe how music and musicians function in various cultures. c. Demonstrate appropriate audience behavior for the context and style of music performed

    Program Focus

    SSKG2 The student will explain that a map is a drawing of a place and a globe is a model of the Earth. a. Differentiate land and water features on simple maps and globes.

    SS1G2 The student will identify and locate his/her city, county, state, nation, and continent on a simple map or a globe.

    SS1G3 The student will locate major topographical features of the earths surface.

    a. Locate all of the continents: North America, South America, Africa,

    Europe, Asia, Antarctica, and Australia.

    SS3E3 The student will give examples of interdependence and trade and will

    explain how voluntary exchange benefits both parties.

    SS6G1 The student will locate selected features of Latin America and the Caribbean.

    SS6G4 The student will describe the cultural characteristics of people who live in Latin

    America and the Caribbean. a. Describe the results of blending of ethnic

    groups in Latin America and the Caribbean

    SS6H1 The student will describe the impact of European contact on Latin America

    SS6H2 The student will explain the development of Latin America and the Caribbean

    from European colonies to independent nations.

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    ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN

    REFERENCES AND RESOURCES

    http://www.steelpan-steeldrums-information.com/steel-pan-history.html

    Steelpan Odyssey -- Trinidad and Tobago https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yL1RQ9FGZyE

    The Map of Notes on a Steel Pan http://thekidshouldseethis.com/post/24611688558 http://www.koolkidscrafts.com/making-steel-drums.html

    Development and History of the Steelpan The Skin Drum Era- West African drumming heritage in Colonial Trinidad 1700s-Late 1800s Tamboo Bamboo Era- Late 1800- Early 1930s- Bamboo sticks, bottles, and spoons Garbage Can Era- Mid 1930s - The 1st Steel Bands Used a variety of metal cans played with cut off broom handles. Pre-Melody Pans- Late 1930s- Made from smaller 15-25 gallon steel containers Ping-Pong Era- Early 1940s-1945- 30-35 gallon containers. Winston Spree Simon- 1st to play a melody on steelpan, invented the Spider Pan Ellie Mannette reversed the playing surface to a concave bowl, made the Barracuda pan. Introduction of the 55 gallon drum- 1946- Birth of the modern Steel Drum instrument Ellie Mannette invents the Invader Pan Pan-Around-the-Neck Era- 1947-Mid 1950s Steelpan bands carry pans on straps and march in parades. State of the Art Era- Begins with electronic tuning, Circle of Fifths note placement, chrome finishes and placing Steel Pans on stands.

    Links to check out

    SSWG2 The student will explain the cultural aspects of geography.

    SSWG7 The student will describe the interaction of physical and human systems that

    have shaped contemporary Latin America.

    http://www.steelpan-steeldrums-information.com/steel-pan-history.htmlhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yL1RQ9FGZyEhttp://thekidshouldseethis.com/post/24611688558http://www.koolkidscrafts.com/making-steel-drums.html

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    ATLANTA STEEL PAN: LATIN AMERICA IN THE CARIBBEAN

    1000+ images about Steel Pan Trinidad on Pinterest | Trinidad, Steel.

    Ellie Mannette: Father of the Modern Steel Drum - YouTube

    Ellie Mannette & Invaders - Wizards of the Steel Drum - YouTube Steel Drum Note Layout and Function - Steel Drum Shop Steelpan - Trinidad and Tobago Atlanta Steel Pan & Island Music Videos

    https://www.pinterest.com/folio3/steel-pan-trinidad/https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=23Bp59xfAUwhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yXrcbYefb7Ehttp://www.steeldrumshop.com/pages/all-about-pans/steel-drum-note-layout-and-function.htmlhttps://www.ttconnect.gov.tt/gortt/portal/ttconnect/SharedDetail/?WCM_GLOBAL_CONTEXT=/gortt/wcm/connect/GorTT%20Web%20Content/ttconnect/home/about+t+and+t/national+emblems/steelpanhttps://atlantasteelpan.com/atlanta-steelpan-band-videos/