alphonse mucha12, the slav epic

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  • http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/sandamichaela-2200022-mucha12/

    The Slav Epic Apotheosis of the Slavs (Detail)*

  • The Slav Epic is a cycle of 20 large canvases painted by Alfons Mucha between 1910 and 1928. The cycle depicts the history of Czechs and other Slavic peoples. Mucha bestowed the cycle upon the city of Prague on condition that the city build a special pavilion for it. As of 2010, the work wass a part of the permanent exhibition at the chateau in the town of Moravsk Krumlov in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic.As of July 2012 all 20 works are displayed together on the ground floor of the Veletrn Palace in an exhibition organized by the National Gallery in Prague (exhibition catalogue: Alfons Mucha - Slovansk epopej).

    Mucha conceived The Slav Epic (Slovansk epopej) series of twenty monumental canvases (the largest measuring over 6 by 8 metres) depicting the history of the Slav people and civilization as a monument for all the Slavonic peoples and he devoted the latter half of his artistic career to the realization of this work.

    *

  • In 1928, the complete cycle was displayed for the first time in the Trade Fair Palace in Prague, the Czechoslovak capital.Alfons Mucha died in July, 1939. Shortly before his death he was interrogated by the Gestapo, as he was an important exponent of public life in Czechoslovakia.During World War II, the Slav Epic was wrapped and hidden away to prevent seizure by the Nazis.

  • Between 1911 and 1926 Muchas energy was taken up with the creation of the Slav Epic. For this project he rented a studio and an apartment in Zbiroh Castle in Western Bohemia (now a luxury hotel) to benefit from the spacious studio enabling him to work on enormous canvases

  • 'The Slav Epic' cycle No.1: The Slavs in Their Original Homeland (1912)tempera on canvas 610 x 810 cm

  • tempera on canvas 610 x 810 cm

  • 'The Slav Epic' cycle No.1: The Slavs in Their Original Homeland (detail)

    Between the Turanian Whip and the Gothic Sword

    *

  • 'The Slav Epic' cycle No.1: The Slavs in Their Original Homeland (1912)

  • 'The Slav Epic' cycle No.1:

    The Slavs in Their Original Homeland (1912)

    Between the Turanian Whip and the Gothic Sword

    tempera on canvas 610 x 810 cm

    *

  • Veletrzni Palace (National Gallery), Prague

  • As of July 2012 all 20 works are displayed together on the ground floor of the Veletrn Palace in an exhibition organized by the National Gallery in Prague

  • The Slav Epic' cycle No.2: The Celebration of Svantovt (1912)

    When the Gods are at War, Salvation is in the Arts 610 x 810 cm

  • 2.The Celebration of Svantovt (1912) Festival on the Island of Rugin

  • 'The Slav Epic' cycle No.3:

    Introduction of the Slavonic Liturgy in Great Moravia (1912)

    To Praise the Lord in Ones Native Tongue

    tempera on canvas 610 x 810 cm

  • 'The Slav Epic' cycle No.3:

    Introduction of the Slavonic Liturgy in Great Moravia (1912)

    To Praise the Lord in Ones Native Tongue

    tempera on canvas 610 x 810 cm

    *

  • 'The Slav Epic' cycle No.3:

    Introduction of the Slavonic Liturgy in Great Moravia (1912)

    To Praise the Lord in Ones Native Tongue

    tempera on canvas 610 x 810 cm

  • 'The Slav Epic' cycle No.3:

    Introduction of the Slavonic Liturgy in Great Moravia (1912)

    To Praise the Lord in Ones Native Tongue

    tempera on canvas 610 x 810 cm

  • 'The Slav Epic' cycle No.4: Tsar Simeon I of Bulgaria (1923)The Founder of Slavonic Literaturetempera on canvas 610 x 810 cm

  • The Slav Epic' cycle No.5: King Pemysl Otakar II of Bohemia: The Union of Slavic Dynasties(1924)egg tempera on canvas 405 x 480 cm

  • The Slav Epic' cycle No.6:

    The Coronation of the Serbian Tsar Stepan Dusan as East Roman Emperor - The Slavic Code of Law

    tempera on canvas 405 x 480 cm

  • In 1911, Mucha had returned from USA to Prague never to return to Paris and began creating his magnum opus: The Slav Epic. In over fifteen years of work, he created 20 paintings measuring nearly 18 by 20 feet each. Ten of the paintings depict historical events related specifically to the Czech nation.

  • The Slav Epic' cycle No.7:

    Milic of Kromerizthe construction of the refuge for penitent prostitutes (1916)

    egg tempera on canvas 620 x 405 cm

  • The Slav Epic' cycle No.8:

    Master Jan Hus Preaching at the Bethlehem Chapel: Truth Prevails (1916)

    egg tempera on canvas 610 x 810 cm

  • The Slav Epic' cycle No.9:

    The Meeting of Krizky(1916)

    egg tempera on canvas 620 x 405 cm.

    Following his death at the stake for his teachings, Jan Hus became a symbol of the Czech fight against the immoral conduct of the Catholic Church. Increasing numbers of Czech clergymen began to turn their back on papal rule and to deliver their sermons in the Czech language. They were declared heretics by the Papacy and the Council of Constance ordered that they be removed from their parishes. Charles University in Prague was also closed to ensure that their teaching ceased. Riots ensued and Hus followers began to gather in remote places outside the city walls in order to mount their rebellion.Mucha depicts the most important of these gatherings which took place at Kky, south of Prague, on 30 September 1419. Koranda, a radical preacher, called on Hus followers to take up their arms to defend their faith. He stands praying on a makeshift pulpit facing the throngs of followers as they arrive at Kky. The dark sky above announces the imminent devastation of the Hussite Wars.*

  • The Slav Epic' cycle No.10:

    After the Battle of Grunewald (1924) The Solidarity of the Northern Slavs

    egg tempera on canvas 405 x 610 cm.

    *

  • The Slav Epic' cycle No.11:

    After the Battle of Vitkov - God Represents Truth, not Power

    egg tempera on canvas 405 x 620 cm

  • The Slav Epic' cycle No.12:

    Petr CelcickyDo not repay evil with evil 1918

    egg tempera on canvas 405 x 620 cm.

  • The Slav Epic' cycle No.12: Petr Celcicky: Do not repay evil with evil (1918)

    Details

  • The Slav Epic' cycle No.13: Hussite King Jiri z Podebrad - Treaties are to be Observed

  • The Slav Epic' cycle No.14: The Defence of Sziget by Nikola Zrinski - The Shield of Christendom (1914) tempera on canvas 610 x 810 cm

    n 1566, the Turkish army advanced upon the city of Sziget in their campaign to expand the Ottoman Empire eastwards. Under the leadership of the Croatian nobleman Nikola Zrinski, the inhabitants of Sziget and the surrounding area gathered within the city walls and closed the gates. When the Turkish soldiers finally broke down the fortifications 19 days later, Zrinski refused to surrender. Despite his courageous efforts to push his army out of the city, he and his men were killed in a ferocious assault. When Zrinskis wife Eva saw that the Turks had taken the city, she decided to set fire to the city walls, killing countless soldiers and halting the Turks advance into Central Europe.Muchas composition immortalises Evas decision to sacrifice the city and many of its inhabitants in order to protect her country from the Turks. A column of black smoke bellows up from the spot where she has thrown a burning torch. To the left of the column, the men prepare for the final assault while, to the right, the women attempt to hide from the Turks.*

  • The Slav Epic' cycle No.15: The Printing of the Bible of Kralice in Ivancice - God Gave us a Gift of Language (1914) tempera on canvas 610 x 810 cm

    The Unity of the Brethren formed in Bohemia in 1457. Informed by the teachings of Jan Hus and Petr Chelicky, the Brethren believed that education was the key to true faith. In the Bohemian town of Ivanice Muchas birthplace Brethren scholars produced a Czech translation of the New Testament. Later known as the Bible of Kralice when printing transferred to the nearby town of Kralice, this work became an important symbol of Czech national identity and was instrumental in keeping the Czech language alive.Mucha depicted his home town of Ivanice on a sunny autumn day. The industrious Brethren gather around the printing press to inspect the first printed pages. In the foreground a young student reads to an old man. He looks out to the viewer and his stern expression seems to foretell the impending persecution that will force the Brethren to flee the country.*

  • The Slav Epic' cycle No.16: Jan Amos Komensky A Flicker of Hope

    tempera on canvas 405 x620 cm

    1918tempera on canvas 405 x 620 cm

  • In his will, Mucha bequeathed the Slav Epic to the city of Prague, on condition that they build a special pavilion to house them.

  • The Slav Epic' cycle No.17: Holy Mount Athos Sheltering the Oldest Orthodox Literary Treasures tempera on canvas 405 x 480 cm

  • The Slav Epic' cycle No.18: The Oath of Omladina under the Slavic Linden Tree - The Slavic Revival1928tempera on canvas 420 x 620 cm cm

  • It took the artist almost 20 years to complete his masterpiece, which he finished in 1928In 1936 the Artist published his memoirs "Three Statements on My Life and Work".Two years later, in 1938, Czechoslovakia was taken over by Nazi Germany, as a result of the Munich Agreement between the governments of Germany, Britain and France (Czechoslovakia was never invited to the negotiations). Since the suppression of nationalism was high on the agenda of the conquerors, Mucha, with his history of patriotism and Pan-Slavism, was arrested and incarcerated