Afghanistan: Conflict and Crisis A brief overview of a country in chaos

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Afghanistan: Conflict and Crisis A brief overview of a country in chaos </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> Key facts about Afghanistan POPULATION: Estimated at 32 Million people CLIMATE: Continental or temperate. Although desert like in many areas, can experience glacial winters in the north. OFFICIAL LANGUAGES : Dari (Persian) and Pashto GDP: $14 Billion or $486 per capita (Compared to Australias $1.2 Trillion or $58, 000 per capita!) RELIGION: 99% of the country is Muslim, that being roughly 80 % Sunni </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> Afghanistan in the world </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> Geographical MAp </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Topographical map </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Ethno-Linguistic MAP </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Political MAP </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> CONFLICT MAP: 2009 </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Terrain and Physical Features Afghanistan is a landlocked country. It is very dry and has extremely warm summers and very cold winters. The mountains are rugged, although there are some plains used for farming. </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> Religion Islam is the worlds second largest religion, with 21% of all people practicing this faith.Islam is the worlds second largest religion, with 21% of all people practicing this faith. Islam teaches that one can only find peace in life by submitting to Allah (Almighty God) in heart, soul, and deed.Islam teaches that one can only find peace in life by submitting to Allah (Almighty God) in heart, soul, and deed. The Quran is the holy guide to Islam.The Quran is the holy guide to Islam. Major aspects of the Islamic religion include testimony of faith, prayer, fasting, almsgiving, and pilgrimage.Major aspects of the Islamic religion include testimony of faith, prayer, fasting, almsgiving, and pilgrimage. Covering is a religious duty. Women can only have their faces and hands showing in public. Men must not expose anything from navel to knee.Covering is a religious duty. Women can only have their faces and hands showing in public. Men must not expose anything from navel to knee. Sunni and Shia are the two most common forms of Islam with different beliefs in some of the specific premises of the religion.Sunni and Shia are the two most common forms of Islam with different beliefs in some of the specific premises of the religion. </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> The People The Afghan people are some of the poorest in the world and are members of many different ethnic groups. This woman is part of a herding tribe and is drying dung to use as insulation in her home during the winter. Life is difficult for most Afghans as they have faced drought, famine and war for many years. </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> The lives of the Afghan people differ from ours in many ways. Above, a 16-year-old girl works at sewing for about $1 a day as part of a special training program. U.S. soldiers are a common sight in Afghanistan and often interact with the local people. The picture on the lower right shows an Afghan school, where students sit in on the floor waiting for the days lessons to begin. </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> This woman works the land to make it suitable for planting as part of a work-for-food program aimed at helping Afghanistan increase its agricultural production. As part of their religious belief system, Afghan women cover themselves as a show of modesty, showing only their hands and faces. Men are also expected to cover from navel to knees. </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> Employment &amp; trade Afghanistan employs 80 percent of its workforce in farming or raising sheep and goats. Because it is a landlocked country with mountainous terrain, exporting goods like the melons carried by the boy is difficult and expensive. Poppies are grown illegally as a source of opium, which is used to produce heroin. Drug lords make millions through unregulated trade of this drug. The Afghan government is working to eliminate illegal drug trade and encourage the growth of other agricultural crops for export. </li> <li> Slide 17 </li> <li> 1994 1999 The Taliban The Taliban movement was formed in Kandahar in 1994 by Islamic students who take a radical approach to interpreting Islam. The Taliban captured Kabul in September 1996 from Mujaheedin regime. The government of Burhan-ul Din Rabani ousted. The Taliban government in Kabul has been recognized only by Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Republic. The Taliban regime strongly have been supported by Pakistani military regime. Anti-Taliban factions still hold about 15 percent of the country in the various parts of Afghanistan. The United Nations and other international communities condemn the Taliban regime because of its violation of human rights, particularly restrictions of women from outside work and freedom. </li> <li> Slide 18 </li> <li> 1994 1999 The Taliban On October 10, 1999, the United States government declare political and economical sanctions against the Taliban regime in Afghanistan because of holding and supporting Saudi billionaire Bin Laden October 25, 1999, Taliban offer talks between Afghanistan and the US Government including the future of Osama Bin Laden October 28, 1999. Saudi Millionaire declared his desire to leave Afghanistan November, 5, 1999: Bin Laden likely to stay in Afghanistan </li> <li> Slide 19 </li> <li> Taliban Rule Between fighting, refugees have returned to homes burned and destroyed by the Taliban. The United Nations has accused the Taliban of burning homes and crops to keep Afghan refugees from returning home. The Taliban isolated Afghanistan from the world The Taliban Taliban Justice </li> </ul>

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