A Comparative Study of Scientific Achievement in Government and Non-government School at Secondary Level

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<ul><li><p>GLOBAL JOURNAL OF MULTIDISCIPLINARY STUDIES ISSN: - 2348-0459 </p><p>www.gjms.co.in </p><p>Volume-4, Issue-6 May 2015 Impact Factor: 2.389 </p><p>1 </p><p>A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF SCIENTIFIC ACHIEVEMENT IN GOVERNMENT AND NON-</p><p>GOVERNMENT SCHOOL AT SECONDARY LEVEL </p><p>Dr. Udaivir Sharma </p><p>ABSTRACT:-In this science and technology oriented society every citizen should be able to understand </p><p>the role of science. The study of the science is helpful to acquire knowledge and skills for learners </p><p>future life and occupation. This is essential for achieving concrete results in terms of economic and </p><p>social progress. </p><p>Keyword: - Understand, Learner, Essential. </p><p>Introduction </p><p>In these days where knowledge is multiplying </p><p>day by day, where new methodologies, </p><p>strategies and technologies are being invented, </p><p>where new approaches and systems are being </p><p>explored :where new models are being initiated </p><p>to redesign and reshape the prevailing academic </p><p>environment in institutions to keep pace with </p><p>increasing knowledge in each sphere, where </p><p>educational literature is being enriched by new </p><p>innovations the objective of making learning </p><p>more promising and maximally effective to the </p><p>learner can be achieved by making instructions </p><p>individualized. </p><p> In India science and technology have </p><p>been in use since long. But in recent years, </p><p>India as nation is heading for rapid </p><p>individualization based on the use of high </p><p>technology such efforts needs automation and </p><p>the use of the computers; these efforts have to </p><p>measure requirements. First there is a need of </p><p>highly trained experts who can build indigenous </p><p>systems of science and technology; Second </p><p>scientifically literate citizens, who can take </p><p>decisions about the proper use of science </p><p>technology? </p><p> In this science and technology oriented </p><p>society every citizen should be able to </p><p>understand the role of science. The study of the </p><p>science is helpful to acquire knowledge and </p><p>skills for learners future life and occupation. </p><p>This is essential for achieving concrete results </p><p>in terms of economic and social progress. </p><p> Science satisfies the curiosity of the </p><p>learner regarding nature and other scientific </p><p>phenomena. Thus it is helpful in developing </p><p>scientific attitude. </p><p>Objectives of the study </p><p>1.To find out the level of achievement in science </p><p>at secondary school level students. </p><p>2.To find out the achievement in science of </p><p>secondary level Hindu and Muslim students. </p><p>3.To compare the achievement in science of </p><p>secondary school level girls and boys. </p><p>4.To compare the achievement in science of </p><p>secondary school level students studying in </p><p>Government and Non-Government schools. </p><p>Hypotheses of the study </p><p>1.There is no significant difference between </p><p>Hindu and Muslim boys of Government schools </p><p>at secondary level in the achievement of science. </p><p>2.There is no significant difference between </p><p>Hindu and Muslim girls of Government schools </p><p>at secondary level in the achievement of science. </p><p>3.There is no significant difference between </p><p>Hindu and Muslim boys of Non-Government </p><p>schools at secondary level in the achievement of </p><p>science. </p><p>4.There is no significant difference between </p><p>Hindu and Muslim girls of Non-Government </p><p>schools at secondary level in the achievement of </p><p>science. </p></li><li><p>GLOBAL JOURNAL OF MULTIDISCIPLINARY STUDIES ISSN: - 2348-0459 </p><p>www.gjms.co.in </p><p>Volume-4, Issue-6 May 2015 Impact Factor: 2.389 </p><p>2 </p><p>5.There is no significant difference between </p><p>Government and Non-Government Muslim boys </p><p>at secondary level in the achievement of science. </p><p>6.There is no significant difference between </p><p>Government and Non-Government Muslim girls </p><p>at secondary level in the achievement of science. </p><p>7.There is no significant difference between </p><p>Government and Non-Government Hindu boys </p><p>at secondary level in the achievement of science. </p><p>8.There is no significant difference between </p><p>Government and Non-Government Hindu girls </p><p>at secondary level in the achievement of science. </p><p>Delimitations of the study </p><p>The following were the delimitations of the </p><p>study. </p><p>1.This study was limited to the secondary </p><p>school students of Lucknow city only. </p><p>2.The study was confined to the students of </p><p>class XI only. </p><p>3.Only U.P. BOARD schools have been selected </p><p>for the study. </p><p>4.Only Hindu and Muslim students have been </p><p>selected for this study. </p><p>Methodology and design of the study </p><p>This research is descriptive research. </p><p>Design op the study </p><p>1.Variables </p><p>2.Population </p><p>3.Sample and sampling procedure </p><p>4.Description of tools used </p><p>5.Data collection </p><p>6.Formula used </p><p>Variables- This has mainly two types of </p><p>variables as </p><p>1.Dependent variables </p><p>2.Independent variables </p><p>Population- The population of the present </p><p>study constitutes all the secondary school </p><p>students of Government and Non-Government </p><p>schools of Lucknow city. </p><p>Sample- The sample selected for this study </p><p>considered of 280 students of secondary school </p><p>that means 140 from Government schools and </p><p>140 from Non-Government schools. So these </p><p>were selected from 8 schools of Lucknow city </p><p>that means 3 from Government schools and 5 </p><p>from Non-Government schools. </p><p>Sampling Techniques- Simple random </p><p>sampling is used in this study. </p><p>Tool Used- The tool used in this study is </p><p>Science Achievement Test made by Dr. R.D. </p><p>Singh, Reader department of education H.N.B. </p><p>Garhwal University Campus, Tehri Garhwal </p><p>(Uttaranchal). </p><p>Data collection- Data collected from following </p><p>schools </p><p>Sr. </p><p>No. </p><p>Name of the Government college </p><p>1. Government Girls Inter College, </p><p>Shahmina Road </p><p>2. Government Jublee Inter College </p><p>3. Government Boys Inter College </p><p>Sr. </p><p>No. </p><p>Name of Non-Government college </p><p>1. Eram Convent College </p><p>2. Techno Academic Inter College </p><p>3. Avadh Public High School </p><p>4. Exon Girls Inter College </p><p>5. Exon Boys Inter College </p><p>Sr. </p><p>No</p><p>. </p><p>Name </p><p>of </p><p>Govern</p><p>ment </p><p>schools </p><p>No. of male </p><p>students </p><p>No. of </p><p>female </p><p>students </p><p>Total </p><p>Hind</p><p>u </p><p>Musli</p><p>m </p><p>Hi</p><p>nd</p><p>u </p><p>Musl</p><p>im </p><p>1. Govern</p><p>ment </p><p>Girls </p><p>Inter </p><p>College </p><p>- - 35 35 70 </p><p>2. Govern</p><p>ment </p><p>Boys </p><p>Inter </p><p>College </p><p>20 18 - - 38 </p><p>3. Jublee </p><p>Inter </p><p>College </p><p>15 17 - - 32 </p><p> Total 35 35 35 35 140 </p></li><li><p>GLOBAL JOURNAL OF MULTIDISCIPLINARY STUDIES ISSN: - 2348-0459 </p><p>www.gjms.co.in </p><p>Volume-4, Issue-6 May 2015 Impact Factor: 2.389 </p><p>3 </p><p>Sr. </p><p>No. </p><p>Name of Non-</p><p>Government </p><p>schools </p><p>No. of male </p><p>students </p><p>No. of female </p><p>students </p><p>Total </p><p>Hindu Muslim Hindu Muslim </p><p>1. Eram </p><p>Convent High </p><p>School </p><p>7 7 6 3 23 </p><p>2. Techno </p><p>Academic </p><p>Inter College </p><p>8 9 2 7 26 </p><p>3. Avadh Public </p><p>High School </p><p>- 10 12 7 29 </p><p>4. Exon Boys </p><p>Inter College </p><p>20 9 - - 29 </p><p>5. Exon Girls </p><p>Inter College </p><p>- - 15 18 33 </p><p> Total 35 35 35 35 140 </p><p>Statistics Used- </p><p>C.I. = Class Interval, AM = Assumed Mean of </p><p>group, x = deviation from assured mean, </p><p>N=Sample Taken. </p><p>Standard Deviation- </p><p>t = Critical Ratio, M1 = Mean of one group, M2 = </p><p>Mean of second group. </p><p>=Standard error of the difference between </p><p>two independent means. </p><p>Where, = </p><p>= Standard Error of the first Mean </p><p>S.EM2= Standard Error of the second Mean </p><p>S. = </p><p> Conclusions </p><p>1.The scientific achievement of Government </p><p>schools of Hindu boys students respondents </p><p>are better than Muslim boys students </p><p>respondents due to their environmental effects. </p><p>2.The scientific achievement of Government </p><p>schools of Hindu girls respondents are better </p><p>than Muslim girls students due to their </p><p>environmental effects. </p><p>3.The scientific achievement of Non-Government </p><p>schools of Hindu boys respondents are better </p><p>than Muslim boys respondents due to their </p><p>environmental effects. </p><p>4.The scientific achievement of Non- </p><p>Government schools of Muslim girls </p><p>respondents are better than Hindu girls </p><p>respondents due to their environmental effects. </p><p>5.The scientific achievement of Non- </p><p>Government schools of Muslim boys </p><p>respondents are better than Government </p><p>Muslim boys respondents due to schools </p><p>environmental effects and teachers cooperation. </p><p>6.The scientific achievement of Non- </p><p>Government schools of Muslim girls </p><p>respondents are better than Government </p><p>Muslim girls respondents due to schools </p><p>environmental effects and teachers cooperation. </p><p>7.The scientific achievement of Non- </p><p>Government schools of Hindu boys respondents </p><p>are better than Government Hindu boys </p><p>respondents due to schools environmental </p><p>effects and teachers cooperation. </p><p>8.The scientific achievement of Non- </p><p>Government schools of Hindu girls respondents </p><p>are better than Government Hindu girls </p><p>respondents due to schools environmental </p><p>effects and teachers cooperation. </p><p>References </p><p>1.Best. J.W. Kahn V. James: Research in Education </p><p>Tenth Edition. </p><p>2.Best J.W. Research in Education New Delhi </p><p>Percentile Hall of India. </p><p>3.Ediger Marlow, Rao, D.Bhaskara: Scientific attitude </p><p>Vis--vis. scientific aptitude. </p><p>4.Srivastav Arti: Study of Learning Styles of </p><p>Secondary Schools Students with scientific attitude </p><p>and their achievement in science. </p><p>5. Rao, D. Bhaskara, Latha. D. pushpa: Achievement </p><p>in science. </p><p>6.Leary Zina O: The Essential Guide to doing </p><p>Research. </p><p>7.National Council of Education Research Training: </p><p>Physics text book for XIth Class (Vol. I). </p><p>8.Singh A.K.: Test, Measurement &amp; Research Method </p><p>in behavioural sciences (Bharti Bhavan Publisher &amp; </p><p>Distributors), Thakur Road, Patna. </p></li></ul>

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