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Puzzles in Chess


  • 1. 777Chess Miniaturesin ThreeCollected and Arranged byE. Wallis, Springfield, ScarboroughWith an Introduction byPhilip H. Williams, f.c.a.And Hints to Solvers byA. N. Brayshaw, b.a., ll.b.Voluptatis multam in parvo opere.An Electronic EditionAnders Thulin, Malm 2000-12-22

2. PREFACEIn offering this little volume of little problems to the ever-increas-ingbody of chess lovers both at home and abroad, I have been ac-tuatedby a desire to focus in one volume all the best work of chesscomposers in this fascinating branch of problem construction.It is pretty well laid down now that a Miniature Chess Problem isone containing not more than seven men all told, and I have con-fined my researches to those with three moves only, as being themost popular and containing some of the most beautiful play tobe found in the whole range of chess strategy.I have endeavoured to make the work a popular one, and onethat could be easily carried about and looked at in odd moments.So far as I know there is only one work of similar nature, Blumen-thalsSchachminiaturen, which, admirable as it is, is virtuallyclosed to the ordinary solver on account of diffi culties of the lan-guage.I have to acknowledge my indebtedness to Blumenthalswork for many fi ne examples in the following pages.The chess enthusiast will fi nd in these problems simplicity,beauty, and in many cases diffi culty. None of the problems com-mencewith either check, capture, or pawn promotion. English,Continental and American composers are all represented, and Ihave endeavoured to give the best problems of the kind I couldgather together from a collection of something over 1,500 exam-ples.A word as to the general arrangement of the book. As all theproblems are direct mates in three moves, it has not been neces-saryto put the conditions under each. No index is necessary asthe composers names are in strict alphabetical order, and wherethere is more than one problem those with the fewest pieces areplaced fi rst. I have given the key moves only. Solvers will frequentlyfi nd that they have quite a good two-mover after getting the key.3 3. I cannot close without expressing my thanks to the many friends,most of them unknown to me, who have assisted me in variousways. In particular I must thank Mr. F. Baird, the chess editor ofThe Football Field, for his invaluable assistance. My thanks arealso due to the gentlemen who undertook examination of prob-lemsMr. W. Geary, Mr. W. Marks, Mr. W. R. Todd and Mr. A.Neave Brayshaw; to Mr. I. M. Brown for his cordial support and re-searches;to Dr. Schumer and Mr. A. Briais for translation work; toMr. P. H. Williams, Mr. W. H. Thompson, Mr. W. Moffatt, and othersfor help in various ways.I can only say in conclusion that I hope this little book may fi ll auseful purpose in the chess world, and bring pleasure and instruc-tionalike to the solver and the composer. That there are still un-troddenpaths in problem composing, and unseen beauties yet topresent to the lovers of our fascinating game must be evident to allchess students, and if the perusal of this little work gives as muchpleasure as it did to me in its preparation I shall feel that the efforthas not been in vain.E. WallisFor notes to the electronic edition, please see page 31.INTRODUCTIONBY PHILIP H. WILLIAMS, F.C.A.In introducing this unique collection of three-movers which Mr.Wallis has gathered together in such profusion, I should like todraw attention to the wonders of chess construction, its endlessvariety, and its charming ramifi cations. Here we have a huge setof problems in three moves, in none of which there are more thanseven men, kings included. With such limitations it might be wellimagined that many positions would bear so close a resemblanceas to be almost duplicates of one another. A glance through thepages that follow will show that, on the contrary, despite the strin-gentconditions, variety, beauty and diffi culty are to be found. It isto be wondered how it is possible to produce such a number of lit-tlethree-movers, each of which stands by itselfa complete workof art.To the expert problem enthusiast, I would say that herein are tobe found many old favourites, without which no such collectionwould be complete; but there are also a large number of unfamiliarcompositions. Mr. Wallis is to be warmly congratulated upon thesuccess he has achieved by painstaking care and perseverance.To the general reader I would point out that, notwithstandingall arguments to the contrary, it is possible to display wonderfulstrategy in spite of overwhelming strength in the attacking forces.To dismiss such positions on the ground of disparity of materialis to ignore some of the fi nest departments of the game of chess.The whole collection points clearly to the existence of a branchof chess worthy of as much investigation as end games, openings,and other issues of the game proper.The positions also point to a very distinct subdivision of the sci-enceof problem construction. There is of course a strong familylikeness in many which are here collated, but in a large majoritythe resemblance is purely a superfi cial one, since the correct solu-4 5 4. perhaps, the pioneer of the miniature. There are many othercomposers of our own country who have produced such works,but few seem to have actually specialised in this particular branchof the art. Amongst foreign and colonial authors maybe men-tionedGalitzky, Loyd, Shinkman, Wurzburg, Bayersdorfer and Ko-htzand Kockelkorn, all of whom have been prolifi c in composi-tionsof this nature.The question of diffi culty from the solvers point of viewisnot easy to deal with. Some skilled solvers say that these problemsare very hard, owing to the liberal amount of elbow-room whichis almost invariably found. Others, again, say that they are easy,owing to the very fact that there are but few pieces to mislead.Naturally if there are, at the most, but six white men which canpossibly make the initial move, the task of exhaustive analysis isless than if there were a larger number. Yet one must rememberthat the smaller the number of men, the larger the number of va-cantsquares to which to move them; so paradoxically enough, theslender materials employed not infrequently lead the solver astray.With more massive problems, the idea, or part of it, is often seenalmost at once, thereby affording valuable clues to the whole con-ception.In conclusion, I can only say that the marvellous resources ofchess, its infi nite variety, its subtlety, and its grace can have no bet-terexample than this collection affordstypifying as it does but asmall branch of the fascinations of problem science. That beauty,diffi culty, and strategy can be produced with the most slender ma-terialsshould be apparent to all lovers of Chess Problems.tions differ completely, and the variety of mating positions will befound to be astonishingly large. The peculiar subtlety of Blacksdefences (despite his poor resources), and the extreme nicety ofattack necessary for White (despite his apparent overwhelmingstrength), are points worthy of careful scrutiny.The player, accustomed as he is to analyse positions where theopponents resources are approximately evenly balanced, will atfi rst fi nd his true sportsmanlike instincts offended by the relativeweight of the two sides. indeed unfavourable criticism would bejustifi ed if the play were of a heavy, smashing character. The po-sitionswould in that case have no interest whatever. But carefulstudy will soon show him that the result is almost always accom-plishedby fi nesse, by surprising sacrifi ce and by exactitude.This consideration accounts for the fact that the keen player,to whom problems in general are a sealed book, fi nds such posi-tionsso irritatingly diffi cult to master. Enough for him that Whitewins; the fact that a beautiful mate in three is possible does notseem to interest him. But if the standard set up by continual studyof games is for once set aside as being beside the point, the situa-tionsto be found in this collection in such profusion stand forth inall their delicacy.In almost all the positions here quoted, the following character-isticsare to be found: (1) the surprising initial moves necessaryto accomplish mate in three; a casual glance would seem to showthat almost any forcible check or capture would suffi ce; (2) the factthat almost any move of Black, taken haphazard, will be found torequire the utmost accuracy to meet successfully; (3) the almostinvariable economy and beauty of the fi nal positions; (4) the ab-senceof any power on Blacks part to make any serious threat:since any move of the black forces must infallibly lose; but, bear-ingin mind that the task is in every case to mate in three, it is mostfascinating to fi nd that the mate is only accomplished by a hairsbreadth, even though the attacking force may be, at fi rst sight, sooverwhelming.Such considerations show clearly that these miniatures arecompositions upon which much skill and resource have been lov-inglybestowed by composers. Amongst English authors, one ofthe earliest masters to produce many such graceful compositionswas John Brown, familiarly known as J. B. of Bridport, who was,6 7 5. PRFACEPAR PHILIP E. WILLIAMS, F.C.A.En introduisant cette unique collection de problmes en troiscoups, que Mons. Wallis, a runis en si grande profusion, je me per-mettraisdattirer lattention sur les merveilles de la constructionde problmes dchecs, sa varit infi nie et ses ramifi cations char-mantes.On trouvera ici un grand nombre de problmes en troiscoups, dont aucun na plus de sept pices, y compris le roi. Onpourrait simaginer quavec de telles restrictions, un nombre as-sezgrand de ces positions se ressemblent suffi samment pour trepresque le double lune de lautre. Mais si lon jette rapidement lesyeux sur les pages qui suivent, on verra, au contraire, quen dpitde ces restrictions forces, on y trouve de la varit, de la beautet de la diffi cult. Cest se demander comme


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