11 cec film techniques

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  • 1.11 English Studies Film Techniques

2. What is required of me? Contribution (class discussions, blogs, written and practical work, homework) Collaboration (working independently and in groups, sharing ideas, fair distribution of responsibility) Creativity (be courageous and imaginative with your ideas) Courtesy (no phones, no gum, no talking over each other) 3. What is Media? 4. Reading the Moving Image Film Language Learning to read and speak the language of film film as a text Terminology Purpose Processes Analysis Commentary Production Conventions (not rules) http://www.aber.ac.uk/media/Documents/short/gramt v.html 5. SOUND (music, dialogue, silence, sound effects, real sound) CINEMATOGRAPHY (the look of the film; types of shots; colours, lighting, locations where action takes place) PACE AND EDITING (speed of action, length of shots) MISE EN SCENE (what you see on screen; the casting of characters, their clothing; the details of the environment; props) Film Title: ____________________________. Excerpt _____min - ____mins. Student Name:_____________________________ 6. Write the tagline for the film in 8 words or less GRAVITY: 7. Write the tagline for the film in 8 words or less GRAVITY: Dont play with guns, its not fun! GRAVITY: You dont know where the bullet will fall. GRAVITY: Dont let others pull you down. GRAVITY: What goes up must come down. GRAVITY: Once it draws you in, theres no way out. GRAVITY: What goes around comes around. GRAVITY: Dont let the trigger drag you down. 8. Reading the Moving Image Mise en scne (setting/location, costume, actors, props) Sound (diegetic and non-diegetic, sfx) Editing (post-production, CGI, gfx, colour grade) Cinematography (shot size, angle, framing, focus, lighting) Directing 9. Reading the Moving Image Mise en scne(setting/location, costume, actors, props) Sound (diegetic and non-diegetic, sfx) Editing (post-production, CGI, gfx, colour grade) Cinematography (shot size, angles, framing, focus, lighting) Directing (structuring shots and action) 10. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4E ak_lmYEps 11. Mise en scne the composition of a shot and everything in frame Setting Wardrobe Props Acting Placement 12. Diegetic sound = actual sound Sound whose source is visible on the screen or whose source is implied to be present by the action of the film: voices of characters sounds made by objects in the story music represented as coming from instruments in the story space ( = source music) Diegetic sound is any sound presented as originating from within the film's world 13. Non-diegetic sound Sound whose source is neither visible on the screen nor has been implied to be present in the action: narrator's commentary sound effects which is added for the dramatic effect mood music Non-diegetic sound is represented as coming from the a source outside story space. The distinction between diegetic or non-diegetic sound depends on our understanding of the conventions of film viewing and listening. We know of that certain sounds are represented as coming from the story world, while others are represented as coming from outside the space of the story events. A play with diegetic and non-diegetic conventions can be used to create ambiguity (horror), or to surprise the audience (comedy). Another term for non-diegetic sound is commentary sound. 14. Friday 21st September 2012 Film Language LO: To explore mise-en-scne within film. 15. Mise-en-scne The arrangement of everything that appears in the framing actors, lighting, dcor, props, costume a French term that means placing on stage. Framing and camerawork also constitute the mise-en-scne of a movie. The director is the one that oversees the entire mise-en-scne and all of its elements. During the early stages of pre-production, the director works with set designers, prop masters, location managers, costume designers, and scenic artists to determine the look and feel intended. 16. Mise en scne Things to consider Setting location and environment where action takes place, colours used to light the action, exterior/interior, time of day Wardrobe importance of costume for certain characters, make- up, hair Props what is visible in the frame, where are they (in/out of focus) Acting positioning of actors, interaction with each other, casting Placement how all of these things are positioned within the composition of a shot Effect on the audience: mood; tension; atmosphere; emotion (pathos); implicit/explicit meaning 17. Editing Post-production GFX (Graphic Effects)/After Effects CGI (Computer Generated Images) Colour grade/rotoscoping 18. Cinematography Shot sizes Camera angles Cranes, jibs, dollies etc. Lighting 19. Think of a film you have watched recently. Write down the story as quickly as you can. 20. Film Language LO: Exploring directing within film. Keywords: Storytelling Narrative Plot Aesthetic 21. Plot, Narrative or Story? A story will have a beginning, middle and end. On film, these can unfold in a different order. A story is a series of events recorded in their chronological order (linear narrative). A plot is a series of events deliberately arranged so as to reveal their dramatic, thematic, and emotional significance (linear/non-linear narrative). 22. Non-linear Films Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lnSgSe2GzDc Memento http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0vS0E9bBSL0 Pulp Fiction http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wZBfmBvvot E Iris Slumdog Millionaire 23. Directing Good directing, or good storytelling, is the ability to plot a story in the most compelling way for an audience. Plotting a filmed story means deciding: which events, characters and settings will be seen in the film, what will not be seen, and how these elements will be presented to gain maximum dramatic effect to engage the viewer. 24. Directing The director then needs to make decisions about how best to represent the story: camera angles, costume, settings etc. The need to create an interesting and believable cinematic world which draws the viewer in and makes them forget it is just a movie. It is the directors job to ensure that all the filmic elements (mise-en-scene, sound, sfx etc.) are drawn together to best suit the story being told. 25. The Bourne Ultimatum Watch this extract from the film; it shows a story within a story. Jason Bourne has learnt that journalist, Simon Ross, is investigating his past and contacts him to find out his source. This sequence shows the CIA hunting down Ross. Unbeknownst to them, Bourne is also at Waterloo Station. This clip shows the conflict between the CIA and Ross, the CIA and Bourne, Ross and Bourne, and the assassin with Ross and Bourne.. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DUd5RPVDjPY 26. In pairs, answer these questions. Write your comments in your books. 1. How does the editing drive along the conflict? 2. Describe the way the sequence is shot and the way this helps to build tension. 3. The viewer is omniscient (all-knowing) and omnipresent (all-seeing). Given that we see all of the action taking place, how does this add to the tension for the audience? 27. Tuesday 2nd October 2012 Film Language LO: To understand what cinematography is within film. Keywords: Cinematography 28. Cinematography From the Greek, kinema, meaning movement and graphein, meaning to record. Mainly to do with the camera and lighting departments, the person operating the camera is the cinematographer. They will work closely with the Director, Gaffer and Grips. - Director of Photography (DOP) - Camera Operator - Focus Puller - Clapper Loader - Lighting dept. (Gaffer and Sparks) - Grip dept. (Riggers) 29. DOP Deakin: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v0- dXh_IsiQ Cam Moves Tutorial: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tSzjUQ-OsSU Video Maker http://www.videomaker.com/video/watch/tips- and-tricks/473/3-point-lighting 30. Lighting 31. Lighting Key light: brightest, main light on subject Filler Light: softens the harsh key light, eliminates harsh shadows Back light: counters the key light, helping to add depth of field and makes the subject look more rounded 32. Under Lighting Main source of light comes from below the subject, mainly used in horrors. 33. Top lighting When the main source of light comes from above the subject, highlighting features to create a glamorous and flattering look in a star. 34. Back Lighting When the light source is behind the subject, creating silhouettes. 35. Low-key lighting Using only the key and backlights, a sharp contrast of light and dark is created, forming deep shadows. 36. High-key lighting More filler lights are used to create a bright, daylight effect. 37. Colour Denotation: What you see Connotation: What you think of Schindlers List http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j1VL- y9JHuI 38. Movie Stills to Life http://iwdrm.tumblr.com/ 39. Montage Rocky http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=632hVDL_N6w Top 10 http://www.itsfilmtastic.co.uk/the-10-best- movie-montage-scenes/ Requiem for a Dream http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JJNzlQoh8zI Team America http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pFrMLRQIT_k 40. Friday 12th October 2012 Film Language LO: Learning how to read a film extract and analyse it. Keywords: Complement Juxtapose/Juxtaposition 41. Homework (write in your diaries!!) Due next Friday 19th October 250-500 words You must complete a reading of a film extract. Any film and any section of it. Try to choose an extract which will allow you to talk about as many features of film language as possible. No more than 3-4 minutes, so that you can analyse in detail. Always comment on why the film language has been used in the way it has (genre, mood, audience, building tension etc.) 42. Remember to comment on: Mise en scene Sound Colour Lighting Cinematography Editing Costume Acting Narrative 43. Sound Diegetic (belonging to the films world) and non- d