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1 ITU Regional Seminar Transition to Digital Terrestrial Television Broadcasting and Digital Dividend Budapest, 06 November 2012 Terrestrial broadcasting in Europe and the Digital Dividend Elena Puigrefagut puigrefagut@ebu.ch Slide 2 European Broadcasting Union 80+ active Members from 56 countries 40 associate Members around the world 470+ TV channels and 900+ radio channels 195 mil TV households and 600+ mil viewers every week More than 60 mil people visit EBU Members web services every day www.ebu.ch tech.ebu.ch Association of public service media organisations Slide 3 3 470-862 MHz (49 channels) planned for DVB-T in Region 1 GE06 Plan 470 MHz862 MHz UHF Band Spectrum allocations to broadcasting Slide 4 The UHF spectrum allocations 470 MHz 862 MHz 213040506069 Broadcasting 2006 470 MHz 862 MHz 213040506069 Broadcasting 790 MHz 61 BC + Mobile 2007 470 MHz862 MHz 213040506069 Broadcasting 790 MHz 61 BC + Mobile 48 694 MHz BC + Mobile 2012 470 MHz 862 MHz 213040506069 790 MHz 61 BC + Mobile 2015 694 MHz 48 X X X Slide 5 The impact on the terrestrial platform New interference situation to be addressed: potential interference from new Mobile services using the 790-862 MHz band Special mitigation techniques are needed to protect DTT services 5960616263646566676869 790 MHz862 MHz Electronic communications networksBroadcasting 58 Frequency channels No DTT multiplexes/layers Loss 2006496-8- 2007405-718.4% 2012/2015283-424.5% Total43% Slide 6 6 470-862 MHz offers a very good balance between antenna size and coverage/network costs The importance of UHF frequencies Slide 7 High value frequencies for Mobile operators Will they be ready to pay so much for the 700 MHz? 800 MHz auctions: In GermanyIn European countries Slide 8 The costs of refarming should not be underestimated... How much will it cost for the 700 MHz? The bill should not be paid by broadcasters, network operators or viewers Affected channels N o Transmitters affectedEstimated cost UK61-62 (DTT) 69 (PMSE) 230 transmitters 240 repeaters 100-200 millions (total) 5-20 millions (total) Netherlands61-6943 emisores (cambios en 20 emisores, 12 nuevos repetidores) 13.5 millions (network cost only) Germany61-6910 emisores 700000 SAB/SAP 277 millones Spain61-69 ~ 2000 emisores ~ 3500 repetidores ? Some examples related to the 800 MHz: Slide 9 It is more than that Spectrum is a scarce natural resource with high public value Spectrum is essential for making free-to-air content available to as many citizens possible and fulfilling public obligations: information, education, entertainment, culture and identity, cultural diversity, social inclusion, citizenship, public sphere The available spectrum should be used to maximise the benefits for the end users: maximum choice, maximum quality, minimum cost the radio spectrum cannot be manufactured Slide 10 About Terrestrial Broadcasting Some DTT services launched Analogue Switch Off (ASO) completed ASO process underway DTT services not yet formally launched Slide 11 Digital Terrestrial TV in figures Programme offer in Europe (June 2011) 1800 channels in the EU27+ Croatia and Turkey 820 national channels (compared to 500 in April 2009) 54% of the channels are local 47% of the channels are free-to-air, 53% pay-TV HDTV available on DTT in 13 countries 60% FTA channels are private, 40% public (92% of pay-TV are private) The fastest growing broadcasting platform More than 200 millions of DVB-T receivers sold DTT will cover 95% - 99,9% of households in most European countries Viewing viewing time of linear TV is about 4 hours/day and increasing time shifted and on-demand viewing is increasingly popular TV is the most popular single platform for audiovisual content the social aspect of TV reaffirmed through new social media Slide 12 Delivery of media services (1) Once upon a time... Radio broadcasting TV broadcasting Slide 13 Delivery of media services (2) Today... Slide 14 Delivery of media services (3) Slide 15 Delivery of media services (4) TerrestrialCablexDSLFibreMobile Why do we still need terrestrial broadcasting? Satellite BROADCASTBROADBAND Slide 16 TV Reception, EU27 Households Data from Eurobarometer 362, 2011. Adds to more than 100%. Households may use more than one platform. Slide 17 TV Reception, EU27 Households Terrestrials - approx: 120 million households 275 million people Slide 18 The terrestrial broadcasting networks are a key delivery infrastructure for public service media in Europe Technically efficient Near-universal coverage Cost efficient Free-to-air Legacy receiving equipment TECHNICAL CAPABILITIES Criteria REACH COSTS PUBLIC SERVICE No other delivery platform combines all these features to the same degree as DTT. Slide 19 Does all of this demand have to be satisfied only by mobile networks? Cisco: Globally, mobile data traffic will increase 18-fold between 2011 and 2016. Slide 20 Are there other solutions to satisfy the capacity? More spectrum for broadband wireless is a short term solution for (video) data tsunami Slide 21 BROADCASTINGBROADBAND or - universal coverage - free-to-air - guaranteed quality - technical excellence - cost efficient - European standards - economic value - social value -... - broadband for all - any service, anywhere, any time - unlimited choice - global connectivity - economic growth - global standards -... This is a false dilemma! AND Slide 22 Mobile broadband average DL speed ~3 Mb/s maximum DL speed is higher UL speed is much lower DL (downlink) UL (uplink) Terrestrial broadcasting 100 200 Mb/s (for roof antennas) can be higher with DVB-T2 could be used for different things EU broadband targets 2020: - universal coverage with 30 Mb/s - min 50% population to have access to 100 Mb/s Slide 23 To be done Mobile 1. Include broadcasting receivers in mobile devices (smartphones and tablets) Slide 24 To be done 1. Include broadcasting receivers in mobile devices (smartphones and tablets) 2. Facilitate cooperation between terrestrial broadcasting and mobile broadband networks 3. Enable spectrum sharing - broadcasting and PMSE - broadcasting and mobile broadband - PMSE and mobile broadband 4. Promote the use of technology that is optimal for a specific service to be delivered Slide 25 Thank you for your attention! Elena Puigrefagut E-mail: puigrefagut@ebu.ch puigrefagut@ebu.ch Web:www.ebu.chwww.ebu.ch tech.ebu.ch

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