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  • AIR

    2015, SEMESTER 1 BY ZIYI LIU

    STUdIo

  • 01

  • Table of Contents

    Part aA.0. Introduction A.1. design Futuring A.2. design Computation A.3. Composition/Generation A.4. Conclusion A.5. Learning outcome A.6. Appendix

    03 05 09 13 19 20 21

    02

    Part BB.1. Research Field B.2. Case Study 1.0 B.3. Case Study 2.0 B.4. Technique development B.5. Technique Prototype B.6. Technique Proposal B.7. Learning outcome B.8. Appendix

    25 31 39 43 49 53 59 61

    Part BC.1. design Concept C.2. Tectonic elements & protptypes C.3. Final model C.4. Learning outcome C.5. Appendix

    67 79 85 89 91

  • Part a

    Hi, my name is Ziyi Liu. I am currently studying Bachelor of Environment and major in Architecture. This is my third year of study in University of Melbourne. It has been a great experience to explore the discipline of Architecture through my previous courses. The study does not only involve art and creativity; but beyond that, we also learnt to integrate multi--discipline studies to work toward a more sustainable future through the designs.

    A.0 Introduction

    03

  • I have taken Visual Communication and design in high school; and I was especially interested in drawing buildings and designing space at that stage. My enthusiasm in Architecture commences before studying official courses in university.

    My experience in computation design is quite limited as I only explored Rhino in Virtual Environment from Year 1 study. Some basic skills in Rhino were useful in my following design subjects. It save a great amount of time to generate a dynamic design on the computer rather than hand-drawing. I also learnt to use CAd for my internship in 2014. It is efficient to use for drafting. In terms

    of my goals for this studio, I really wish to develop my computation skill further. Parametric and digital designs are widely applied in the filed nowadays.

    Architecture as a study could lead people to live sustainably with careful evaluated designs which involve a wide range of considerations. Working with the technology that we have developed, it became easier for humans to foresee more predicable possibilities. Apart from sustainability, it appeals to me that functions and the level of comfort are the most vital concerns to a building design. Computation designs allow a greater range of structure to be tested before they are in-built. An efficient way of design and testing saves a great amount of effort and time. As a result, there are more possibilities provided with better experiences to serve the users.

    1 Fry, Tony (2008). design Futuring: Sustainability, Ethics and New Practice (oxford: Berg), pp. 116

    A.0 Introduction

    The basic premise ThaT The people should have much greaTer power in deciding The form of The environmenTs in which They wish To live, and ThaT This way of life should enhance The environmenT in general is The connecTing Thread.

    ToNY FRY [1]

    04

  • A.1 Design Futuring

    05

  • FIGURE 1 INTERIoR oF BANq BY joHN HoNER

    http://www.archdaily.com/42581/banq-office-da/

    06

  • Benq is a dining restaurant which involves an organic and dynamic space. It is at the base of Penny Saving Bank[2]. The sparkling interior design illustrates what computation design can achieve in terms of functions as well as aesthetics. The connections between the ceiling and the supporting columns, which are the sectioning components, blur the boundaries. due to the materiality of plywood and the nature of sections, the dining has a unique digital fabricated appearance.

    As a restaurant, it requires a space open for both staff and customer to move freely without interfering each other. The columns derives from the ceiling have been evolved thinner when they meet the ground. Such design on one hand enhances the appearance of the interior, and on the other hand, it creates a fluid space for the users. The curved ceiling also allows users have a sense of changing height of the room while they walk. Certain areas of the ceiling drip and slump, acknowledging the location of to place exit signs, lighting features, and other details [3].

    BanQBoSToN, MA, USA Office dA

    2 Fry, Tony (2008). design Futuring: Sustainability, Ethics and New Practice (oxford: Berg), pp. 116

    3 Fry, Tony (2008). design Futuring: Sustainability, Ethics and New Practice (oxford: Berg), pp. 116

    FIGURE 2 SECTIoN oF RESTAURANT

    http://www.archdaily.com/42581/banq-office-da/

    FIGURE 3 3d ModELLING oF RESTAURANT

    http://www.archdaily.com/42581/banq-office-da/

    07

  • of the building was based on a series of hexagons which provides a sense of orderly layout. However, we could see that all the hexagons are not exactly the same. Such pattern could be generate in softwares like Rhino nowadays. It only take seconds to complete the conceptual design with technologies which had not yet developed few decades ago. It indicates the beauty of technical improvement. Increasing knowledge and skills allow architects to open up their mind

    and keep investigating forms that will satisfy the functional needs of the users as well as improving the appearance of buildings. Architecutre can be deemed as ongoing culture as people are always improving. There is no single best or most effective way of designing. With the artificial intelligence of humans, designs can be easier to model and encourages greater creativity.

    VCA Centre of IdeasVCA, doddS STREET SoUTHBANk, MELBoURNE MINIFIE NIxoN ARCHITECTS

    FIGURE 4 VCA CENTRE oF IdEAS

    http://www.rushwright.com/public-facilities/vca-centre-for-ideas/

    Not in trying to predict the future but in using design to open up all sorts of possibilities that can be discussed, debated, and used to collectively define a preferable future for a given group of people: from companies, to cities, to societies.[4]

    The facade design of VCA centre of ideas was driven by order in the space [5]. External walls are built with cast concrete. This classical material has a great flexibility in creating volumatic geometries. The pattern

    08

  • FIGURE 5 ENTRY PARAdISE PAVILIoNhttp://www.archello.com/en/project/entry-paradise-pavilion

    Entry Paradise PavilionLAVA ARCHITECT TeMporary

    FIGURE 7 ENTRY PARAdISE PAVILIoN ModELLINGhttp://www.archello.com/en/project/entry-paradise-pavilion

    A.2 Design Computation

    09

  • Microscopic cell structures served as the inspiration for the design of a pavilion that is reminiscent of irregular natural forms like foam, sponge, or coral reefs.[4]

    Entry Paradise Pavilion is a light-weighted three dimensioned form that can fill in the space between ceiling, wall and the floor. due to its lightness, this self-weighted pavilion with minimal surfaces is highly mobile. Similar to Frei ottos Munich olympic Stadium, it implies the typology and structure which derived from naturally evolving systems[5]. The concept in this pavilion was well illustrated through the

    digital workflow. The new way of digital design allows architect to work more efficiently. It is much quicker to realize projects in most kinds.Computation of high technology and scripting generate forms that allow creativity. different to hand-drawing, computing programs allows designers to make fewer decisions[6]. They do not need to have full manipulation of the exact form before programing. designer can edit the script to create a series of patterns that are not just simple repetition of the same geometry. It has a sense of randomness in the aesthetics. In this design, the feature of randomness corresponds to the property of nature itself.

    FIGURE 6 ENTRY PARAdISE PAVILIoNhttp://www.archello.com/en/project/entry-paradise-pavilion

    5 Iwamoto, Lisa (2009). digital Fabrications: Architectural and Material Techniques (New York; Princeton Architectural Press), pp. 78-796 oxman, Rivka and Robert oxman, eds (2014). Theories of the digital in Architecture (London; New York: Routledge), pp. 110

    4 Nikolova, Nadezhda (2012). Entry Paradise Pavilion (openbuildings.com), Access at

    Computing allows people to realize their imagination and inspiration in a more effective and convenient manner. It saves time to produce repeating drawings of one single project. A three dimensional digital model allows the architects to save effort from producing the elevations, sections and plans of a building. People can read information from the model which is created by computation code. Practices may welcome more creative designers who suffered from insufficient skills of hand-drawings since late 20th century. It may become a more preferred environment for designing and may be widely applied across the industry, as it fast and accurate. More soft and dynamic shapes and surfaces may be created in this case. It introduces new theories to architecture and started revolution in the field. Creative forms and designs are now much more achievable and makeable with the supplement of computation programming.

    10

  • Endesa PavilionBARCELoNA,SPAIN Margen-Lab

    FIGURE7 ENdESA PAVILIoNhttp://www.archdaily.com/274900/endesa-pavilion-iaac/

    11

  • 7 oxman, Rivka and Robert oxman, eds (2014). Theories of the digital in Architecture (London; New York: Routledge), pp. 1108 kalay, Yehuda E. (2004). Architectures New Media: Principles, Theories, and Methods of Computer-Aided design (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press), pp. 5-25

    9 Markopoulou, Areti & Rubi