Writing Paragraphs 2011

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<p>PARAGRAPH SWHAT IS A PARAGRAPH? A paragraph usually contains a general idea in one sentence, and 4 - 5 supporting sentences which expand this idea by giving explanation, details and/or examples to support the main idea. Length can vary.</p> <p>WHY USE PARAGRAPHS? Paragraphs are used to separate main ideas. A new paragraph signals to the reader that a new idea is about to be discussed. The break between paragraphs gives the reader time to take in each idea.</p> <p>EL PRRAFOUn prrafo es un conjunto de oraciones con un solo tema central o idea principal. Formalmente, un prrafo comienza con una sangra -espacio en blanco, que aleja la primera letra del margen de la pgina-, y termina con un punto aparte. Cada prrafo debe contener un tema central. el tema central se debe expresar en una de las oraciones (generalmente al inicio del prrafo), las dems sirven de apoyo, o la idea principal puede no expresarse claramente y es preciso inferirla de todas las oraciones que conforman el prrafo.</p> <p>PARAGRAPH SHOW IS A PARAGRAPH STRUCTURED? There is no one correct structure. However, a useful structure is:</p> <p>1. Topic Sentence This is the first sentence and it expresses the main idea. Sometimes Topic sentences can appear at several points in a paragraph: the beginning of the paragraph the middle of the paragraph the end of the paragraph</p> <p>PARAGRAPH S</p> <p>2. Supporting Sentences: details that expand your main idea. 3. Concluding Sentence: a rounding off, possibly by summarizing what has been said or drawing a logical conclusion from it. (Note that in a piece of writing which is longer than one paragraph you should leave your conclusion to the very end!)</p> <p>EL PRRAFOLas oraciones, que componen el prrafo, pueden estar separadas por medio de la puntuacin correspondiente o estar conectadas a travs de nexos como las conjunciones o locuciones, que ayudan a comprender la relacin que existe entre las distintas ideas. En este sentido hay que ser cuidadoso en emplear el conector o nexo que corresponde.</p> <p>LOCUCIONESCopulativas: y (e), ni Disyuntivas : o (u) Adversativas: mas, pero, sino, sino que, sin embargo, no obstante Distributivas: ya... ya, bien... bien, ora... sea que... Comparativas: que, como, igual... que, tal... como, tanto... como, ms...que, menos... que... Completivas: que, si .</p> <p>LOCUCIONESTemporales: cuando, mientras, apenas, en cuanto, antes de que Causales: pues, como, porque, ya que, puesto que Finales: para, a que, para que, a fin de que Condicionales: si, con tal que Concesivas: aunque, a pesar de que, si bien, por ms que Consecutivas as, luego, tanto que, conque, tan... que, tanto... que</p> <p>EL PRRAFOEjemplo:</p> <p>"El ministro no hizo declaraciones, por lo cual no pudimos conocer su opinin".Para conectar "El ministro no hizo declaraciones" y "no pudimos conocer su opinin", se utiliz el nexo "por lo cual". Tambin podra haberse utilizado "por esto" o "por lo tanto", pero no sera correcto, por ejemplo, utilizar "sin embargo" o "toda vez que", por nombrar algunos</p> <p>Read the next paragraph:There are three reasons why I want to learn English. One reason is that English has become an international language. It is now used by most international companies, including the company where I work, for business communication. Another reason why I want to learn English is so that I can travel to English-speaking countries. The United States, England, Australia and many other countries all use English as their primary language. Finally, I want to learn English because I plan to move to the U.S. in the future. I will become a manager for my company soon. For all these reasons, I am very excited about learning English.</p> <p>Now observe how it is divided by the basic structures: (they are written in bold letters)Topic Sentence: There are three reasons why I want to learn English. First Main Point (supporting sentence #1):There are three reasons why I want to learn English. One reason</p> <p>is that English has become an international language.</p> <p>PARAGRAPH SSecond Main Point (supporting sentence #2):There are three reasons why I want to learn English. One reason is that English has become an international language. It is now used by most international companies, including the company where I work, for business communication. Another reason why I want to learn</p> <p>English is so that I can travel to English-speaking countries. Third Main Point (supporting sentence #3):There are three reasons why I want to learn English. One reason is that English has become an international language. It is now used by most international companies, including the company where I work, for business communication. Another reason why I want to learn English is so that I can travel to English-speaking countries. The United States, England, Australia and many other countries all use English as their primary language. Finally, I want to learn English because I plan to</p> <p>move to the U.S. in the future.</p> <p>PARAGRAPH SConclusion (concluding sentence):There are three reasons why I want to learn English. One reason is that English has become an international language. It is now used by most international companies, including the company where I work, for business communication. Another reason why I want to learn English is so that I can travel to English-speaking countries. The United States, England, Australia and many other countries all use English as their primary language. Finally, I want to learn English because I plan to move to the U.S. in the future. I will become a manager for my company soon. For all</p> <p>these reasons, I am very excited about learning English. reason is that English has become an international language.</p> <p>PARAGRAPH Example: New York City New York City is in the United States. New York City is located in New York State. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean. It was founded in 1625 as "New Amsterdam". It was first settled by the Dutch. It is important for commerce. Wall Street is located in New York City. It has many national and international banks. It has many important skyscrapers. The World Trade Center is located in New York City. The Empire State Building is in New York City. New York City is an important city for immigration. Ellis Island used to be the entry point for many immigrants at the turn of the century. There is an interesting immigration museum on Ellis Island.</p> <p>S</p> <p>PARAGRAPH SNew York, New York is located on the Atlantic Coast of the United States of America. It was first settled as "New Amsterdam" in 1625 by the Dutch. Today, New York City is an important commercial and banking center which includes Wall Street. Among its many important skyscrapers are the World Trade Center and The Empire State Building. One of the most interesting museums is on Ellis Island which served as the entry point for many immigrants who passed through New York City. .</p> <p>THE 12 POWERFUL WORDS </p> <p>Suggestion Analyze Infer Evaluate Formulate Describe Support Explain Summarize Compare Contrast Predict</p> <p>PARAGRAPH STopic Sentence: Example To be fit and healthy in todays world, exercise, eat a healthy diet, and make these things a part of your daily routine. .</p> <p>DO NOT USE CONTRACTIONSTOO INFORMAL (Do not use) don't doesn't aren't weren't can't couldn't won't ACCEPTABLE do not does not are not were not cannot could not will not</p> <p>PUNCTUATION MARKS</p> <p>SOME USEFUL TRANSITIONS To show addition:again, and, also, besides, equally important, first (second, etc.), further, furthermore, in addition, in the first place, moreover, next, too To give examples: for example, for instance, in fact, specifically, that is, to illustrate To compare: also, in the same manner, likewise, similarly To contrast: although, and yet, at the same time, but, despite, even though, however, in contrast, in spite of, nevertheless, on the contrary, on the other hand, still, though, yet To summarize or conclude: all in all, in conclusion, in other words, in short, in summary, on the whole, that is, therefore, to sum up</p> <p>SOME USEFUL TRANSITIONS To show time: after, afterward, as, as long as, as soon as, atlast, before, during, earlier, finally, formerly, immediately, later, meanwhile, next, since, shortly, subsequently, then, thereafter, until, when, while To show place or direction: above, below, beyond, close, elsewhere, farther on, here, nearby, opposite, to the left (north, etc.) To indicate logical relationship: accordingly, as a result, because, consequently, for this reason, hence, if, otherwise, since, so, then, therefore, thus</p>