weekly resume 7-14:9:1939.pdf

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    3F, HIS BRITANNIC MAJESTY'S GOVERNMENT 23'T 0 BE KEPT UNDER LOCK AMD KEY.It is requested that special care may be taken toensure the secrecy of this document.

    RJL1-COPY NO. 6 O59) 30.

    WAR CABINET.NAVAL, MILITARY AND AIR SITUATION.APPRECIATION BY THE CHIEFS OF STAFFCOMMITTEE".

    (Previous Paper Mo, W.P.(59) 15).

    Note by the Secretary.

    By direction of the Prime Minister, I circulateherewith, for consideration oy the War Cabinet, theattached Weekly Res\ime (No, 2) by the Chiefs of StaffCommittee dealing with the Naval, Military and AirSituation up to 12 noon, 14th September, 1939. (PaperNo. C C S . (39) 32)o

    (Signed) E.E. BRIDGES.Secretary.

    *S RIchmond Terrace, S.W.1.15th September, 1939.

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    T HI S D O C U M E N T I S T H E P R O P E R T Y O F H I S B R I T A N N I C M A J E S T Y * S G O V E R N M E N TTO B E K E P T U N D E R L O C K A N D K E Y .It is requested that special care may be taken toensure the seoreoy of this document.

    COPY WO.WAR CABINET.

    CHIEFS OP STAPP COMMITTEE.WEEKLY RESUME (NO, 2) OF THE NAVAL. MILITARYAND AIR SITUATION FROM 12.0 NOON. 7 TH"SEPTEMBER e TO 12.-Q NOON 14TH SEP TEMBER^1959,

    REPORT.

    The accompanying Joint Naval. Military andAir Force Appreciation of the situation as at 12.0 nooaon the 14th September, is circulated in accordancewith the recommendation contained in Paper Wo.WoPo(G)(39) 3, and approved by the War Cabineton 7th September? ( W.M. (39) 7th Conclusions, Minute 17 )o

    (Signed) C.L.N. NEWALL.DUDLEY POUND.E. IRONSIDE.

    entral War Soom,13th September 9 1939,

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    21) 9WTi!TTTfT,Y RESUME (NO.2) OF THE NAVAL, MILITARY AND AIR SITUATIONJgjflTlTOON 7th SEPTEMBER to 12-NOON ll&h SEPTEMBER, 1959,

    NAVAL SITUATION. 'General Notes.1 0 During the week one group of the Home Fleet has "beenat sea operating to the north eastv/ard of the Orkneys.

    A second group has been on patrol between Faroesand Iceland.2 0 The Humber force of cruisers and Destroyers swepteastward to attempt to intercept off Terechilling a reportedGerman merchant convoy from Rotterdam. No convoy was seen.Since then.the Humber Force has been operating from the Moreto cover the laying of the Dover Barrage. The first lay ofDover Barrage was completed on llth September. The secondlay has been delayed by bad weather.

    The 19th T.B.D. Flotilla is. operating from Dover.Movements? of German Fleet,

    At 13,00 on 7th September,1939. the main units of theGerman Fleet were distributed as follows:-

    Baltic, N. S. Ports.Certain HipperProbable Blucher Scheer

    Schleswig-Holstein(Danzig)

    LeipzigNurnberg Schlesien(Wilhelmshaven)

    1 O Jj S B Destroyers(Majority).Possible Gneisenau )

    ScharhhorstGraf SpecDeutschlandEmden

    )or at) seaKonigsbergKohn

    Submarines SkaggerackBritish IslesEast or Atlantic,-1-

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    - i S3

    4 During the past few days no definite information as to the movements of the above ships has been available. TheHIPPER appeared to be in the vicinity of Kiel on the 7th andwas apparently still there on the 8th. On that day severalGerman warships were reported near Heligoland and Wilhelmshaven.These included one large unit, several destroyers and possiblysome cruisers. On the 10th, 4 unidentified German units werelocated, 5 in the Heligoland Bight and one at approximately5 4 0 0' W in the southern half of the German declared mined area,.

    04 SO EThe old battleship SCHLESWIG HOLSTEIN which had been

    reported in the neighbourhood of Gydnia on the 7th was reportedas having passed through the Kiel Canal from the Baltic on the9th September. She had "been damaged by shell fire.

    A German cruiser of the KONIGSBERG class, one destroyerand 2 submarines are repoted to have passed the Little BeltNorthward at 0001 on 9th September.

    It seems reasonable to conclude that there have beenno considerable movements of the main units of the German Fleetduring the period under review.U.Boats -- Pis-position and General.5. In the North Sea two submarines have made their presencefelt; the steamers GOODWOOD and MAGDAPUR having been sunk bymine or torpedo on 10th September off Flamborough Head andAldeburgh re sp ectively.6. There is no reliable report of a submarine either in theChannel or in t ,e Irish Sea.7. It was estimated that 7 submarines were operating inthe eastern Atlantic on 8th September. Two more may havearrived there since. They displayed considerable activity andachieved some success. Five steamers were sunk and four chased

    " on 7th September. On 8th September 2 steamers were sunk and

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    two chased. On 9th September four were shelled butescaped. On 11th September three were sunk. Since thenno more ships have been sunk.8. A submarine with a tanker was reported by anAmerican flying boat half way between the Azores andBermuda on 10th September and may be proceeding to theWest Indies.9. The submarine which sank the "Pirby" in 59 040' N,13 o50' W on 11th September, may, it is thought, be proceedingto Canadian . waters.U Boats - Attacks on British MerchantShipping.10. Since war commenced seventeen ships have been sunkof a total tonnage of approximately 95,000. Two of theseships contained between them 21,000 tons of motor spirit,fuel oil and diesol oil.

    Return of Mercantile Losses by Enemy ActionIPerioderiod. . 1600 Tons gross 1 Under 1600 j Total Percentage

    1and over Tons gross. [All Sizes.Comparison with .! i ueak period 1917:i

    .N O . Tonnage. j No. Toimage. INc. j Ton. No. Tonnage.i i ' i . . . . . . .Srd-14th ;I I ; jSept. 1939. L6 94,776 j 110 days in i 283 117 b5,059 30 52peak periodApril 1917 1 I

    i i156 181,760 100 100 U -Boats. Attacks on U Boats.

    11. During the period under review some 60 attacks onsubmarines have been reported by destroyers and aircraft,and there is reason to hope that in seven of these theobjective may have been damaged. But no Confirmation isobtainable as yet.

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    12. Since the outhrealt of war a great many Germanmerchantment have taken refuge in neutral ports and by10th September the following gatherings were reported,In the Azores 35,000 tons; Canaries 61,000 tons,Curacoa 59,000 tons; Vera Cruz 55 OOO tons; Brazilianports 180,000 tons; River Plate Ports 68,000 tons;Portuguese East African ports 60,000 tons; Japanese ports112,000 tons; Reykjavik 17,000 tons and Vigo 150 ,000 tons.Convoys.13o Convoys have "been organised as shipping is collected.

    The following have commenced sailings,,(a) Coastal Convoys up and down-"Kcet coast each wayevery second day.(b). 1 Outward Convoy dovn Channel - c:/ei*y second day,, ;(c) 1 Outward Convoy down Liverpool every second day,(d) 1 Military convoy from Glasgow to Mediterranean.(e) East and West bound Convoys in Mediterranean

    and S. Atlantic.In future it is expected that convoys will be too

    . numerous to enumerate in this report.East bound N. Atlantic convoys will start shortly.

    Enemy Mines.1h. The German Declared Area in the Worth Sea is arectangle stretching northward from Dutch waters for adistance of approximately 180 miles long and 60 v;ide.

    The British Declared Area in North Sea is boundedto the Eastward by'territorial waters of neutrals and to

    0the Westward by lat. 56 0 0' long 5 0' E. '

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    !!!! ! IItalian Navy.15. On 7th September most of the 1st Squadron was atTaranto the 6" cruisers Abruzzl and Garibaldi being atsea. These returned the next day to TaP.anto. Thewhole squadron is believed to be still at that port.16, On 7th September the 2nd Squadron was betweenNaples, Messina and Palmero. On the 8th its dispositionwas as follows.

    At Messina 8" cruisers Trieste, Trento, Bolzanoand one destroyer division.At Naples 6 , f cruisers Da Barbiano, Di Guissano,Diaz and one destroyer division.Possibily at Palmero 6 " cruisers Savoia,D !Aosta,Attendolo, Montecuccoli and one destroyer

    division.The disposition of this squadron appears to bestill unchanged.

    Par East.1 7 . 6" cruiser Colleoni and minelayer Le Panto repor-ted at Dairen on 6th September.Submarines.18. Submarines are based on the Dodecanese, Sardinia andSicily. There appears to have been no change so farfrom the normal dispositions.

    Convoy.19. Five merchant vessels escorted by two destroyerswere sighted off Malta at 1100 on 10th September.Japanese Navy.18. The combined 1st and 2nd Fleets (Main Fleet) arein Japanese waters. The 3rd Fleet is in the neighbour-hood of Shanghai and Yangtse, the hth Fleet in NorthChina and the 5th Fleet in South China.

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    MILITARY SITUATION.FRANCS.21. ...... French forces are jh -touch with the Germans on thefront from Lauterbourg on the Rhine to the frontier ofLuxembourg. There has been fighting in the vicinityof Gersheim nor-th-ea^-t---of^arreguemines and in theforest of Warndt. Local enemy attacks on the left wingnear the Luxembourg frontier have been beaten off.

    GERMANY.Western Front.22. On 6th September,

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