Vegetarian Diets

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Vegetarian Diets. Vegetarian Diets. What is a vegetarian diet? A vegetarian diet excludes meat, poultry, and fish. How common is it to be a vegetarian in America? Nearly 5 million American adults 3% of youth ages 8- to 18- years. Vegetarian Diets. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Vegetarian Diets

  • Vegetarian DietsWhat is a vegetarian diet?

    A vegetarian diet excludes meat, poultry, and fish.

  • Vegetarian DietsHow common is it to be a vegetarian in America?

    Nearly 5 million American adults3% of youth ages 8- to 18- years

  • Vegetarian DietsWhy do people choose to eat vegetarian diets?ReligionHeritagePersonal philosophyHealth Economics

  • Vegetarian DietsDo all vegetarians eat the same food choices? The answer is, it depends on the specific vegetarian diet.Three main vegetarian dietsLacto-Ovo VegetarianLacto VegetarianVegan Vegetarian

  • Vegetarian DietsLacto-Ovo Vegetarians eat:

    Grains, Vegetables, Fruits, Legumes, Nuts, and SeedsMilk and Milk Products (lacto)Eggs (ovo)

  • Vegetarian DietsLacto Vegetarians eat:

    Similar to Lacto-ovo diet, except does not include eggs.Baked items and pastas may need to be prepared differently.

  • Vegetarian DietsVegans eat:

    Only plant-based foodsNo animal productsStrict vegans avoid honey and products made with animal by-products, such as gelatin.

  • Vegetarian DietsWhat are the health and nutrition benefits of vegetarian diets?Health Benefits include:Lowers blood cholesterol and blood pressure levelsReduces the risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, and strokeLowers body mass index (BMI)Reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes and some cancers

  • Vegetarian DietsNutrition Benefits include:

    Higher intakes of some vitamins, minerals, fiber, and phytonutrientsLower intakes of saturated fat and dietary cholesterol

  • Vegetarian DietsAre there nutrients of concern for vegetarian diets?Nutrition ConcernsProteinQuantityCan a vegetarian diet provide enough protein? Lesson ActivityProtein Predictions

  • Vegetarian DietsLesson ActivityProtein Predictions

    Teen males need 52 grams protein Adult males need 56 grams

    Mixed Lacto-Ovo Vegan 74 grams 63 grams 61 grams H M L

  • Vegetarian DietsDo vegetarian diets provide quality protein?Animal proteins are completePlant-based proteins are incomplete

  • Vegetarian DietsComplementary Proteinscombine to make complete proteins

    Grains

    Legumes Vegetables

    Nuts/Seeds

  • Vegetarian Diets Milk(Lacto) Complete protein from an animal source.CheesePizza Sauce and CrustGrain and Vegetable

    Both incomplete protein sources from plant-based foods.

  • Physical Activity BoosterThe Perfect Complement

  • Vegetarian DietsNutrient of ConcernAdequate Calories

    Adequate calories are needed to assure protein needs are met.

  • Vegetarian DietsNutrient of ConcernIron

    Plant foods have non-heme iron.Serve vitamin C rich foods with plant sources of iron.

  • Vegetarian DietsNutrient of ConcernCalcium

    Check milk substitutes to assure they are fortified with calcium and other nutrients found in milk.

  • Vegetarian DietsNutrient of ConcernVitamin B-12

    Vitamin B-12 is only found in animal foods. Vegan diets need supplements of B-12.

  • Vegetarian DietsOther Nutrients of Concern

    Vitamin DZincIodineOmega-3 fatty acids DHA and EPA

  • Vegetarian DietsAccording to the American Dietetic Association position paper on vegetarian diets, appropriately planned vegetarian diets, including total vegetarian or vegan diets, are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. Well-planned vegetarian diets are appropriate for individuals in all stages of the life cycle

  • Vegetarian DietsAccording to the American Dietetic Association position paper on vegetarian diets, appropriately planned vegetarian diets, including total vegetarian or vegan diets, are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. Well-planned vegetarian diets are appropriate for individuals in all stages of the life cycle

  • Vegetarian DietsDietary Guidelines for Americans Food Groups to Encourage Whole grainsVegetablesFruitsLegumesLowfat and fat-free milk/milk products

  • Vegetarian DietsAre vegetarian diets a special nutrition need?

    What tools do school nutrition programs have to meet the preferences of students that want a vegetarian meal?

  • Vegetarian DietsTaste Activity

  • Vegetarian DietsPosttest Answers for Lesson 101. False2. c) Lacto-ovo vegetarian 3. a) Fiber4. False 5. True

  • End of Lesson 10

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