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  • LLER BANKASI ANONM RKET

    YKSEK KATLI KONUT RETMNN KENT LE LKSNN SOSYAL

    VE MEKNSAL BOYUTLARIYLA RDELENMES

    Zeynep Betl VURAL

    UZMANLIK TEZ

    NSAN 2017

  • LLER BANKASI ANONM RKET

    YKSEK KATLI KONUT RETMNN KENT LE LKSNN SOSYAL

    VE MEKNSAL BOYUTLARIYLA RDELENMES

    Zeynep Betl VURAL

    UZMANLIK TEZ

    Tez Danman (Kurum)

    zkan ALTUN

    Tez Danman (niversite)

    Prof. Dr. Zeynep ULUDA

  • ETK BEYAN

    LLER BANKASI ANONM RKET Uzmanlk Tezi Yazm Kurallarna uygun

    olarak hazrladm bu tez almasnda; tez iinde sunduum verileri, bilgileri ve

    dokmanlar akademik ve etik kurallar erevesinde elde ettiimi, tm bilgi, belge,

    deerlendirme ve sonular bilimsel etik ve ahlak kurallarna uygun olarak sunduumu, tez

    almasnda yararlandm eserlerin tmne uygun atfta bulunarak kaynak gsterdiimi,

    kullanlan verilerde herhangi bir deiiklik yapmadm, bu tezde sunduum almann

    zgn olduunu, bildirir, aksi bir durumda aleyhime doabilecek tm hak kayplarn

    kabullendiimi beyan ederim.

    Zeynep Betl VURAL

    04/04/2017

  • i

    Yksek Katl Konut retiminin Kent le likisinin

    Sosyal ve Meknsal Boyutlaryla rdelenmesi

    (Uzmanlk Tezi)

    Zeynep Betl VURAL

    LLER BANKASI ANONM RKET

    Nisan 2017

    ZET

    Tm dnyada Endstri devrimi sonras konut retim pratiinde nemli deiiklikler

    yaanmtr. Trkiyede bu deiiklikler ncelikle stanbul ardndan da dier byk

    kentlerde yaanmaya balamtr. Nfus art, arsa yetersizlii, deien tketim

    alkanlklar ve teknolojik ilerlemeler ile ekonomik kayglar sonucu yksek katl konut

    retimi hz kazanmtr. Bu yeni konut retim biimi, yaam ve kent kltrne de yansm

    ve deiime uratmtr. Geleneksel yaam biimi, konut kltr, komuluk ilikileri ve

    kentsel ilikilerin deiimi ile meknsal bir ayrma ortaya km ve kapal konut

    yerlekeleri olumaya balamtr. Bu yeni yerlekelerde, konut bir taraftan barnma

    nesnesi dier yandan ise prestij sembolne dnmtr. Bu balamda, tez almas

    ncelikle yksek katl konutlarn ortaya knn tarihsel sre ierisinde sebeplerini ele

    almaktadr. Trkiyede yksek katl konutlara ynelimin nedenleri; fiziki, siyasi ve sosyo-

    kltrel etkiler nda deerlendirilerek, yksek katl konutlarn plan emalar ve

    meknsal kurgularnda yaanan deiiklikler dnemsel olarak incelenmektedir. Deien bu

    konut ynelimlerinin kent kltrnde ve kimliinde yaratt dnmler irdelenmektedir.

    Bu almada Osmanl dneminden gnmze dek yksek katl konut retiminin

    aamalar, 5 tarihsel dnem ierisinde incelenerek snflandrlmtr. Ankara ve stanbul

    zelinde belirlenen, farkl dnemlere ait, farkl tipolojilerdeki 10 adet yksek katl konut

    yaps; plan emalar, arazi kullanm kararlar ve kent iindeki konumlar ile kullanc

    profilleri ve sosyal evrelerine gre ematik anlatm ve tablolar yardmyla desteklenerek

    incelenmitir.

    Anahtar Kelimeler : yksek katl konutlar, kent kimlii, kent kltr, konut

    kltr, plan emas

    Sayfa Adedi : 116

    Tez Danman (Kurum) : zkan ALTUN

    Tez Danman (niversite) : Prof. Dr. Zeynep ULUDA

  • ii

    Relation of High-Rise Residence Production with the City

    In Terms of Social and Spatial Dimensions

    (ILBANK Expertise Thesis)

    Zeynep Betl VURAL

    LLER BANKASI ANONM RKET

    April 2017

    ABSTRACT

    There have been significant changes in the practice of post-industrial housing production

    all over the world. These changes in Turkey have first started to be experienced in stanbul

    and then in other big cities. High-rise residence production accelerated due to population

    growth, land insufficiency, changing consumption habits, technological improvements and

    economic concerns. This new form of housing production has also reflected to the life and

    urban culture and changed them. Changes in traditional lifestyles, residential culture,

    neighborhood relations and urban relations have created a spatial differentiation, and

    indoor settlements have begun to occur. In these new settlements, the house term turns into

    a sheltering object on the other hand it turns into a symbol of prestige. In this context, this

    thesis study primarily deals with the reasons of the emergence of high-rise residences in

    the historical process. By evaluating the reasons for the trend towards high-rise residences

    in Turkey in the context of physical, political and socio-cultural effects, the plan schemes

    of the high-rise residences and the changes in the spatial constructions have been examined

    in historical periods. The transformations created by these changing housing trends in

    urban culture and urban identity have been examined. In this study, the stages of the

    production of high-rise residences from the Ottoman period to the present day have been

    analyzed and classified in five historical periods. Ten high-rise residence buildings in

    different typologies belonging to different periods determined in Ankara and stanbul have

    been analyzed in accordance with plan schedules, land use decisions and their location

    within the city, user profiles and social environments, with the help of schematic

    explanation and tables.

    Key Words : high-rise residences, urban identity, urban culture,

    housing culture, plan scheme,

    Page Numbers : 116

    Supervisor (Institution) : zkan ALTUN

    Supervisor (University) : Prof. Dr. Zeynep ULUDA

  • iii

    TEEKKR

    almam esnasnda verdikleri destekten tr tez danmanlarm zkan ALTUN

    ve Prof. Dr. Zeynep ULUDA a; bu srete daima yanmda olan ve desteklerini

    esirgemeyen aileme ve eim Uur VURAL a teekkr ederim.

  • iv

    NDEKLER

    Sayfa

    ZET ............................................................................................................................. i ABSTRACT ................................................................................................................... ii

    TEEKKR ................................................................................................................... iii NDEKLER .............................................................................................................. iv ZELGELERN LSTES ............................................................................................ vi EKLLERN LSTES ................................................................................................. vii RESMLERN LSTES ................................................................................................ ix

    SMGELER VE KISALTMALAR................................................................................ xii

    GR ........................................................................................................... 1

    1. YKSEK KATLI KONUT KAVRAMI VE GELM ....................... 5 1.1. Konut Kavram ................................................................................................... 5 1.2. Tarihsel Srete Yksek Katl Konutlar Ortaya karan Sebepler ve Kent

    zerindeki Etkileri .............................................................................................. 11

    1.2.1. Endstri devrimi ncesi dnem ................................................................. 12 1.2.2. Endstri devrimi sonras dnem ............................................................... 13

    2. TRKYEDE YKSEK KATLI KONUTLARIN ORTAYA IKII 27 2.1.Yksek Katl Konutlar Ortaya karan Fiziki, Siyasi, Ekonomik ve

    Sosyo-Kltrel Etki ve Dnmler ................................................................... 27 2.2. Yksek Katl Konutlarn Mimari ve Meknsal zellikleri ve Dnm ......... 37

    2.2.1. 1880-1923 dnemi plan tipleri .................................................................. 37

    2.2.2. 1923-1950 dnemi plan tipleri .................................................................. 38

    2.2.3. 1950-1980 dnemi plan tipleri .................................................................. 40 2.2.4. 1980-2000 dnemi plan tipleri .................................................................. 42 2.2.5. 2000 sonras dnem plan tipleri ................................................................ 43

    3. TRKYEDEK YKSEK KATLI KONUT RNEKLERNN

    SOSYAL VE MEKNSAL BELRLEYCLER BALAMINDA

    NCELENMES ...................................................................................... 45 3.1. Yksek Katl Konut retiminin Sosyal ve Meknsal Belirleyicileri ................. 45 3.2. 1950-1980 Yllar Aras Yksek Katl Konut rneklerinin ncelenmesi .......... 46

    3.2.1. Kervansaray Apartman ........................................................................... 46 3.2.2. Ataky I. Etap Sosyal Konut Uygulamas ............................................... 50

    3.3. 1980-2000 Yllar Aras Yksek Katl Konut rneklerinin ncelenmesi .......... 55 3.3.1. Feneryolu Apartmanlar ........................................................................... 55 3.3.2. Mesa Koru Sitesi ...................................................................................... 58

    3.3.3. Akmerkez Rezidans ................................................................................. 61 3.4. 2000 Yl Sonras Yksek Katl Konut rneklerinin ncelenmesi ..................... 64

    3.4.1. Mashattan Rezidans ................................................................................. 64 3.4.2. Next Level Rezidans .....................................