transporting homeless students
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DESCRIPTIONTransporting Homeless Students. Lorraine Husum Allen, Director Homeless Education Program, Florida Department of Education Florida Pupil Transportation Services Directors Meeting February 7, 2013 Tallahassee, Florida. Todays Session. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Transporting Homeless Students
Lorraine Husum Allen, DirectorHomeless Education Program, Florida Department of Education
Florida Pupil Transportation Services Directors Meeting
February 7, 2013Tallahassee, Florida*
Todays Session*McKinney-Vento Act - Overview of LEAs Transportation RequirementsHomeless Student DataTransporting Homeless StudentsTransportation ProvisionsCharter Schools and TransportationPolicy, Procedures, PracticesInter-district TransportationStrategies
The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance ActProtects the educational rights of children and youth experiencing homelessness
Federal law First enacted in 1987Reauthorized in 2001 as a part of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act.
*Who is covered under McKinney-Vento?
Who is covered under McKinney-Vento?All students who lack a nighttime residence that is:
Helpful DefinitionsFIXED: A fixed residence is one that is stationary, permanent, and not subject to change.
REGULAR: A regular residence is one which is used on a predictable or routine basis.
ADEQUATE: An adequate residence is one that is sufficient for meeting both the physical and psychological needs typically met in home environments. These definitions come from the National Center for Homeless Education in their publication: Determining Eligibility for Rights and Services Under the McKinney-Vento Act.
Sharing the housing of others due to loss of housing, economic hardship or other similar reason; doubled up
Living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, camping grounds
Living in emergency or transitional shelters
Abandoned in hospitals(M-V Section 725)Examples of Temporary Housing in the McKinney-Vento Act*
Awaiting foster care placement
Living a in public or private place not designed for sleeping
Living in cars, parks, abandoned buildings, bus or train stations, etc.
Migratory living in circumstances described above(M-V Section 725)*Examples of Temporary Housing in the McKinney-Vento Act
*Reporting Counts of Homeless Students in Floridas Public Schools
*As many as 63,685Florida students were identified as homeless in our schools Source: 2011-2012 Final Survey 5 Homeless Counts as of 10-05-12, FDOEHow manyFlorida students were identified as homeless in our schools during 2011-2012?
*2011-2012Florida DOE Data 63,685 homeless students were identified in Florida public schools. (12% increase from 2010-2011)6,798 (11%) of those identified were Unaccompanied Youth.47,191 (74%) were reported as sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship or a similar reason; doubled-up. (13% increase from 2010-2011)All (67) school districts reported homeless students in their schools.Source: 2011-2012 Final Survey 5 Homeless Counts as of 10-05-12, FDOE
Source: 2011-2012 Final Survey 5 Homeless Counts as of 10-05-12, FDOE
Source: 2011-2012 Final Survey 5 Homeless Counts as of 10-05-12, FDOE
*Source: 2011-2012 Final Survey 5 Homeless Counts as of 10-05-12, FDOE
*Florida Homeless Education Trend Data
2006-2007 through 2011-2012
Source: Final Survey 5 Homeless Counts 2011-12 as of 10-05-12, and Final Survey % Homeless Counts 2010-2011, 2009-2010, 2008-2009, 2007-2008, FDOE
*Source: Final Survey 5 Homeless Counts 2011-12 as of 10-05-12, and Final Survey % Homeless Counts 2010-2011, 2009-2010, 2008-2009, 2007-2008, FDOE
What Rights Does McKinney-Vento Provide?*
School selection means choosing a school district and choosing a school building. Options include:School attended when the student was last permanently housed.
School where the student last attended.
School located in the attendance zone where the student is temporarily residing or any other school that permanently housed students who live in the same attendance zone may attend.
(M-V Section 722(g)(3)(A))
*School StabilityKey ProvisionsCan always also choose the local school (any school others living in the same area are eligible to attend).
Best interestkeep homeless students in their schools of origin, to the extent feasible, unless this is against the parents or guardians wishes.
Who Decides Where a Student Goes to School?Decision Makers:
Legal Guardian Youth, together with the homeless liaison, if the youth is unaccompanied
Liaisons should encourage parents to keep their children in the school of origin ONLY if its in their best interest.*
*FeasibilityUSDE Sample CriteriaA child-centered, individualized determination Time remaining in the school yearContinuity of instructionImpact of commute on educationAge of the child or youthStudents need for special instructional programsSafety of the child or youthSchool placement of siblingsLikely length of stay in temporary housingLikely area where family will find permanent housing
TransportationKey Provision #1School of Origin
LEAs must provide transportation to and from homeless students school of origin at a parents or guardians request (or at the liaisons request for unaccompanied youth)
If crossing district lines, districts must determine how to divide the responsibility and share the cost, or they must share the cost equally.NAEHCY www.naehcy.org*
*LEAs also must provide students in homeless situations with transportation services comparable to those provided to other students.
LEAs must eliminate barriers to the school enrollment and retention of students experiencing homelessness (including transportation barriers).NAEHCY www.naehcy.orgTransportationKey Provision #2 Comparable Services
District TransportationPolicy Procedures Practices*
Notifying Transportation DepartmentUse e-mail to request transportation
Use form and send/fax to Transportation Department
Have automated the request system*
School District Transportation Brochures for Parents
*Transportation of Homeless Students - Charter SchoolsUltimately LEAs Responsibility, if charter schools are public schools within the LEA
Whether the LEA does or does not transport non-homeless students to a charter school is not a factor in the LEAs requirements under McKinney-Vento to transport homeless students if it is their school of origin [Section 722(g)(1)(J)(iii)(I)].
*Office of Independent Education and Parental Choices Technical Assistance Paper on Transportation of Homeless Students
http://www.floridaschoolchoice.org/information/Charter_schools/files/Homeless_Student_Transportation_TAP.pdf Transportation of Homeless Students - Charter Schools
*Implementation ChallengesLack of FundingCapacity/Staffing: For McKinney-Vento and Transportation DepartmentsLogistical Puzzles: Coordinating Across District and/or State LinesYoung Children: Capacity and SafetyChildren with Special Needs Extracurricular Activities, Summer School, After-school ProgramsParental Involvement Activities
Develop close ties among local liaisons, school staff, pupil transportation staff, and shelter workersUse school buses (including special education, magnet school, and other buses)Re-route, extend, and create transfer points on current bus routesDivide a district into quadrants and then organize within those quadrants to accommodate for homeless children*Transportation Strategies
Create an online database where all requests can be enteredDesignate a transportation specialist to determine the best transportation method for each studentHave bus drivers contact the appropriate homeless liaison/social worker when a problem arisesMatch teachers, who live in one district but work in another, with students (get approval and teachers and school insurance).
*Contract with a community member to transport young children (get approval and insurance)Develop formal or informal agreements with school districts where homeless children cross district linesDevelop parent transportation agreementsUse public transit where feasibleUse approved carpools, van, or taxi servicesUse companies that provide transportation for students with special needsReimburse parents and youth for gas or provide them with gas cardsTransportation Strategies
I may be Homeless, but I am not Hopeless.--Florida Le Tendre Scholarship Recipient*
Lorraine Husum Allen, Director325 West Gaines Street,Tallahassee, FL 32399 Phone: (850) 245-0668Fax: (850) 245-0697Lorraine.Allen@fldoe.orgBureau of Federal Educational Programshttp://www.fldoe.org/bsa/title1/titlex.asp Florida Department of Education Homeless Education Program Contact Information
Special Thanks!The New York StateTechnical and Education Assistance Center for Homeless Students (NYS-TEACHS) and theNational Center for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth
For their generous sharing of slides for this presentation