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  • Tick Submission in MILocal Health Department, EnvironmentalHealth Division maintains tick kitsEach tick kit contains:Tick submission formInstructionsMailing containerSpecimens can be returned to LHD or mailed to Michigan department of Agriculture.

  • Ear-punch biopsy

  • Rodent Ear-Punch Biopsy Results 1990-1995AREA#SPECIMENS#POSITIVEUpper Peninsula 563 132Lower Peninsula 357 0TOTAL 920 132

    *Menominee County

    Michigan Department of Community Health & Michigan State University.

  • Recovery

  • Deer SurveillanceHunter-killed deerFall 1988-1990Over 4,000 deer checkedDermacentor albopictus found commonlyNo Ixodes scapularis found

  • Canine Serosurvey

    1992 & 1993

    6 private practices

  • Canine Serosurvey MethodsRandom SamplesHealthy dogsSerum from heartworm testBlinded study2 step lab protocalScreening IFA/ELISA; W.Blot

  • Gogebic

    Houghton

    Keweenaw

    Iron

    Baraga

    Marquette

    Dickinson

    Alger

    Delta

    Menominee

    Schoolcraft

    Luce

    Mackinac

    Chippewa

    Cheboygan

    Presque Isle

    Charlevoix

    Antrim

    Otsego

    Montmorency

    Leelanau

    Benzie

    Grand Traverse

    Kalkaska

    Crawford

    Oscoda

    Alcona

    Manistee

    Wexford

    Ogemaw

    Iosco

    Mason

    Lake

    Osceola

    Clare

    Gladwin

    Arenac

    Oceana

    Newaygo

    Mecosta

    Isabella

    Midland

    Bay

    Huron

    Muskegon

    Montcalm

    Gratiot

    Saginaw

    Tuscola

    Sanilac

    St. Clair

    Lapeer

    Shiawassee

    Clinton

    Ionia

    Kent

    Ottawa

    Allegan

    Barry

    Eaton

    Ingham

    Livingston

    Oakland

    Macomb

    Van Buren

    Kalamazoo

    Calhoun

    Jackson

    Washtenaw

    Wayne

    Berrien

    Cass

    Hillsdale

    Lenawee

    Monroe

    St. Joseph

    Branch

    Missaukee

    Alpena

    Roscommon

    Emmet

    Genesee

    Ontonagon

    Journal of Medical Entomology (Volume 35)

    3

    Canine Serosurvey Results1992 & 1993

    Menominee Cnty.1992: 12/1951993: 13/104

    Leelanau Cnty.1993: 0/31

    Kalamazoo Cnty.1993: 0/280

    Berrien Cnty.1993: 1/292

    Saginaw Cnty.1992: 0/621993: 1/100

    Oakland Cnty.1993: 0/154

  • Table of specimens from each locationCOUNTYBerrienKalamazooLeelanauMenomineeOaklandSaginaw--------------------TOTAL# SPECIMENS292280 31104154100

    961

  • Western Blot Results1993 MI, Canine seroprevalenceCOUNTY IgG RESULT COMMENTMenominee 31 vaccinatedMenominee 18,41,45,66,93 positive?Menominee no bands negativeMenominee 18, 93 positive?Menominee no bands negativeMenominee no bands negativeMenominee 18,41,60,66,93 positive?Menominee 93 negativeMenominee no bands negativeMenominee no bands negativeMenominee 18,93 positive?Menominee 31,34 vaccinatedMenominee no bands negativeBerrien no bands negativeCriteria from RH Jacobson, Cornell U

  • Seroprevalence ConclusionsGood study designExtremely low level of seropositive dogs in MichiganResults correlate with other ecologic & epidemiologic dataMenominee county

  • GogebicHoughtonKeweenawIronBaragaMarquetteDickinsonAlgerDeltaMenomineeSchoolcraftLuceMackinacChippewaCheboyganPresque IsleCharlevoixAntrimOtsegoMontmorencyLeelanauBenzieGrand TraverseKalkaskaCrawfordOscodaAlconaManisteeWexfordOgemawIoscoMasonLakeOsceolaClareGladwinArenacOceanaNewaygoMecostaIsabellaMidlandBayHuronMuskegonMontcalmGratiotSaginawTuscolaSanilacSt. ClairLapeerShiawasseeClintonIoniaKentOttawaAlleganBarryEatonInghamLivingstonOaklandMacombVan BurenKalamazooCalhounJacksonWashtenawWayneBerrienCassHillsdaleLenaweeMonroeSt. JosephBranchMissaukeeAlpenaRoscommonEmmetGeneseeOntonagon

  • Human Skin Biopsy Results

    Borrelia burgdorferi isolation# Spec.

    # Pos.1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 4 4 2 22 14 8 16 11

    0 0 2 0 3 0 3 3 2

  • Endemic Area

  • Menominee CountyFactors contributing to Lyme DiseaseUP banana belt; warmer temperaturesRural ecology; emphasis on outdoor life and huntingLandscape of forest, abandoned dairy farms, active dairy farms, waterways; mixture of southern deciduous and northern boreal forestNorthern limit of white-footed mouse distributionExtremely high deer density

  • |CDC Home|Search|Health Topics A-Z|This page last reviewed June 22, 2001|Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases| |National Center for Infectious Diseases| |Centers for Disease Control and Prevention| P.O. Box 2087 Fort Collins, Colorado 80522|CDC Privacy Policy|Accessibility|

  • www.michigan.gov/documents/

  • Where might Lyme Disease emerge next?South West MichiganA population of Ixodes Scapularis was recently found in NE Indiana, bordering Michigan.*Coastal Counties of MichiganBird migration has been a source of tick dispersal. **

  • GogebicHoughtonKeweenawIronBaragaMarquetteDickinsonAlgerDeltaMenomineeSchoolcraftLuceMackinacChippewaCheboyganPresque IsleCharlevoixAntrimOtsegoMontmorencyLeelanauBenzieGrand TraverseKalkaskaCrawfordOscodaAlconaManisteeWexfordOgemawIoscoMasonLakeOsceolaClareGladwinArenacOceanaNewaygoMecostaIsabellaMidlandBayHuronMuskegonMontcalmGratiotSaginawTuscolaSanilacSt. ClairLapeerShiawasseeClintonIoniaKentOttawaAlleganBarryEatonInghamLivingstonOaklandMacombVan BurenKalamazooCalhounJacksonWashtenawWayneBerrienCassHillsdaleLenaweeMonroeSt. JosephBranchMissaukeeAlpenaRoscommonEmmetGeneseeOntonagon3232Targeted Active Surveillance Area 1998 Physician Participation

    5103 County # participating phys./ # phys. contacted

    Allegan 32/37 Berrien 29/66 Cass 5/15 Van Buren 10/34 Ottawa 3/6

  • Dept Microbiology & Molecular Genetics Mich State Univ

  • Is lower Michiganunder invasion by I.scapularis ticks, and Lyme disease?

    If so, does this providean opportunity to testand improve the risk mapbased upon tick habitatsuitability?

  • 2/1,000 seropositive dogs4/300 B. burgdorferipositive rodentsTickTick

  • Map: National Lyme disease risk map

    *Journal of Medical Entomology**Journal of Infectious Diseases

    Communicable Disease and Immunization Division

    Surveys for I.scapularis on hunter-killleddeer, 2001-2002

    2001: 4/1212002: 5/220

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