The role of the EU in the conflict regions in the south caucasus

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Peace and security

The Role of the EU in the conflict regions in the South Caucasus

Ilia state UniversityIntroduction to the European Union

01 February 2013By : Zaur Natsvlishvili Teona ZurabaSvili Keti Tsirekidze

The main task of EU Foreign and Security Policy is:

to preserve peacepRe strengthen international securityV promote international cooperation develop and consolidate democracy, the rule of law and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms.Peace and security

The EU has sent peacekeeping missions to several of the worlds trouble spots:

23 civilian missions and military operations on 3 continents

August 2008, ceasefire between Georgia and Russia, (EU monitoring mission in Georgia);Post-tsunami peace building in Aceh;Protecting refugees in Chad, Fighting piracy off Somalia The Horn of Africa. Peacekeeping missions

The High Representative Catherine Ashton -to bring more coherenceto the EU's foreign policies. European External Action Service (EEAS)

European Union and South Caucasus

GEORGIAThe Georgian-Ossetian and Georgian-Abkhaz ConflictsSouth Ossetia - January 1991 to June 1992 Abkhazia - August 1992-September 1993 The Georgian-Russian ConflictAugust 2008The EUs Role Today and actionsThe Commission since 1995 The EUs Special Representative (The EUSR) since 2003European Neighbourhood Policies (ENP) In 2004/2005 The ESDP Mission EUMM The EU Institute for Security Studies (The EU ISS)Political LimitationsNagorno-KarabakhConflict and its roots

The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) main organization leading the mediation efforts

The main achievement of the international mediation efforts by OSCE and the Russian Federation was the ceasefire agreement of 1994. The EUs official position regarding the Karabakh conflictThe EUs official position regarding the Karabakh conflict has been articulated most clearly in the bilateral ENP Action Plans negotiated with Armenia and Azerbaijan.In these political documents guiding the deepening of EU relations with the two countries since 2006, the EU states its continued and strong commitment to the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, drawing on the instruments at the EUs disposal, and in close consultation with the OSCEThe documents further add that The EU is ready to consider ways to strengthen further its engagement in conflict resolution and post conflict rehabilitation. The specific measures envisioned are focused mainly on supporting the OSCE Minsk Group, namely through the work of the EU Special Representative (EUSR) for the South Caucasus, on increased support to people-to-people contacts, and on the availability to contribute substantial assistance to post-conflict rehabilitation processesEU engagement could cover three major areassupport to the official mediation processpromotion of confidence-building measuresassistance to reconstruction in a post-conflict scenario2010 saw little progress in the Minsk Group-mediated talks. Both capitals argue they have offered the maximum concessions. President Aliyev publicly stated that he largely accepted the basic principles as elaborated in February 2010, while President Sargsyan remained noncommittal. The Azerbaijani leadership has begun to warn that diplomacy has been in vain and threaten that it may withdraw from negotiations if Yerevan continues simulating talks.

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