The Middle Ages Chaucer Malory

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<ul><li> 1. The Middle Ages <ul><li>Approximately 500-1500 AD </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>After the fall of Rome/before the Renaissance </li></ul> <ul><li> The Dark Ages </li></ul> <ul><li>No Central Government </li></ul> <ul><li>Church the only unifying element </li></ul> <ul><li>Feudalism </li></ul> <ul><li>Illiteracy </li></ul> <ul><li>Literature preserved by monks </li></ul> <p> 2. Courtly Tradition (Chivalry) </p> <ul><li>Courtly Love </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>NOT to be confused with Courtney Love </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Nothing to do with marriage </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Often between a knight and the wife of someone else </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Is where modern love evolved from </li></ul></li></ul> <p> 3. The Norman Conquest </p> <ul><li>William The Conqueror in 1066 </li></ul> <ul><li>Anglo-Saxons now served the French </li></ul> <ul><li>Thousands of borrowed words from the French (pork and pig) </li></ul> <ul><li>Shift from Old to Middle Englishmuch less complex </li></ul> <ul><li>Mixed cultures-Folklore and legends of French mixed with English </li></ul> <ul><li>Le Morte DArthurincorporated French stories </li></ul> <p> 4. Sir Thomas Malory </p> <ul><li>Personal life very different from knightly virtues of works </li></ul> <ul><li>Was frequently in trouble with the Norman authorities </li></ul> <ul><li>Accused of robbery, extortion, attempted murder and rape (of anun ) </li></ul> <ul><li>Jailed several times.Once broke jail by swimming a moat</li></ul> <p> 5. Sir Thomas Malory </p> <ul><li>He was excluded from four general pardons </li></ul> <ul><li>Made powerful enemies by not submitting to Norman rule </li></ul> <ul><li>WroteLe Morte dArthurwhile in prison </li></ul> <ul><li>Did not write the first King Arthur story, but its the most popular </li></ul> <ul><li>Was attempting to create a rallying point for British people </li></ul> <ul><li>Made prose acceptable as an art form </li></ul> <p> 6. Courtly Tradition( Chivalry ) </p> <ul><li>A knight must </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Be absolutely loyal to his king </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Be honorable and courageous </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Protect the weak and poor </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Serve his lady </li></ul></li></ul> <p> 7. Geoffrey Chaucer </p> <ul><li>The father of British Literature </li></ul> <ul><li>Wealthy family, but not royalty (Chaucer meant shoemaker in French) </li></ul> <ul><li>A favorite of the British Court </li></ul> <ul><li>Was a soldier, diplomat, clerk and held other sundry jobs </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Familiar with all aspects of life </li></ul></li></ul> <p> 8. Geoffrey Chaucer </p> <ul><li>The Canterbury Taleswas written as a hobby </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>On of the great masterpieces of British Lit. </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Picture of medieval life </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>Buried in Westminister Abbey- the first writer to be so honored </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Section is now called Poets Corner </li></ul></li></ul> <p> 9. The Pilgrimage Approximately 60 miles </p>