The Day That Shook America September 11 th, 2001.

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<p>The Day That Shook America</p> <p>The Day That Shook AmericaSeptember 11th, 2001Important VocabularyOccupation- when someone is in your land and you dont want them there</p> <p>Land of Canaan- The promised land of the Bible</p> <p>Sanctions- restrictions</p> <p>Descendent- A person in your family that has been born before you but you share blood with</p> <p> Trade Embargo- when you are not allowed to trade with a certain country</p> <p>Al-Qaida- group of terrorist fighters that carried out 9-11 attacks</p> <p>Important VocabularyHijackers- Bad people that take over a plane with the intent to kill people</p> <p>Commercial Airliners- Airplanes that carry passengers (people)</p> <p>Pentagon- Government building in Washington D.C. where over 2,600 people work</p> <p>Twin Towers- Two tallest towers in the United States that stand into downtown New York City</p> <p>Whitehouse- Where the President lives</p> <p>Tragedy- when something very bad (almost unbelievable) happens</p> <p>Heroism- when people step up and do something out of the ordinary</p> <p>Patriotism- Love for your country</p> <p>The Motives of the AttacksUnited States support of Israel </p> <p>United States Occupation in Saudi Arabia </p> <p>United States Sanctions on Iraq</p> <p>United States Support for Israel Israelis &amp; Muslims have been fighting a holy war for hundreds of years over Jerusalem</p> <p>Long ago God promised the Land of Canaan (Promised Land) to the decedents of Abraham </p> <p>The Israelis believe that the land was only promised to decedents of Abrahams younger son Isaac</p> <p>United States Support for Israel The Israelis believe that the land was only promised to descendants of Abrahams younger son Isaac</p> <p>The Arabs believe that Canaan was promised to all descendants of Abraham which included Ishmael so they too think that Canaan is theirs </p> <p>United States Support for Israel Arabs are direct descendents of Ishmael</p> <p>Israelis are direct descendents of Isaac</p> <p>This is why both of these groups believe that Canaan is theirs and have been killing each other for it for hundreds of years </p> <p>United States Support for Israel The United States chose the side of the Israelis</p> <p>This is why many (not all) Arab people do not like the United States </p> <p>United States Occupation in Saudi Arabia Another motive for the attack was the United States had been in Saudi Arabia for almost 10 years</p> <p>The Arabs didnt like this because they felt thatSaudi Arabia is one of the Arabs most Holy PlacesArabs felt that the United States military was forcing their leaders to do things they didnt want to do </p> <p>United Nations Sanctions on IraqOn August 6th 1990 the United Nations placed sanctions of Iraq</p> <p>These sanctions were a total financial &amp; trade embargo on Iraq</p> <p>This meant that Iraq could no longer trade with anyone in the United Nations</p> <p>Iraq lost billions of dollars because of this</p> <p>It made the Arab world very upset with the United Nations and the United States</p> <p> Khalid Sheikh Mohammed1996In 1996 a man named Khalid Sheikh Mohammed was very angry with the United States</p> <p>He was a Muslim man and the Muslims have been fighting with Israel for hundreds of years</p> <p>They have been fighting over the city of Jerusalem which both sides (Muslims &amp; Israelis) believe God promised them as their Holy Land </p> <p>Khalid Sheikh Mohammed1996The United States had taken the side of the Israelis making Sheikh Mohammed extremely angry</p> <p>He formulated a plan to get back at the United States by planning the September 11th attacks</p> <p>Al-Qaida 1998In 1998 frustrated and angry with the United States Khalid Sheikh Muhammad contacts the Al-Qaida fighters with his plan of the September 11th attacks</p> <p>Al-Qaida also had been very angry with the United States because they had so many soldiers in Saudi Arabia &amp; sanctions against Iraq</p> <p>Khalid Sheikh Mohammed &amp; Al-QaidaBegin to Make PlansKhalid Sheikh Mohammed began talking about his plan to the leader of Al-Qaida and told the leader that he needed money</p> <p>The leader of Al-Qaida agreed to pay for the attacks &amp; provide hijackers &amp; terrorists for the plan</p> <p>The leader of Al-Qaida was none other than Osama Bin Laden</p> <p>Planning The AttacksOsama Bin Laden &amp; Khalid Sheikh Muhammad begin planning the attacks in late 1998 </p> <p>In 1999 they begin picking specific targets to attack in the United States</p> <p>In 2000 they send 5 men to take pilot lessons in San Diego California </p> <p>In July 2001 secondary hijackers (the ones who wore the bombs) arrived</p> <p>The Stage was set for the Deadliest Day in America since the Civil WarThe plan was in place by Khalid Sheikh Muhammad &amp; Osama Bin Laden</p> <p>Each terrorist knew what their job was </p> <p>They knew exactly what their targets were to attack</p> <p>The stage was set for the deadliest day in America since the Civil War</p> <p>September 11th 2001The Early Morning Early in the morning of September 11th, 2001 19 hijackers took control of 4 commercial airliners American Airlines Flight 11United Airlines Flight 175American Airlines Flight 77United Airlines Flight 93 </p> <p>The AirplanesThe airplanes the hijackers controlled were very large passenger airplanes</p> <p>American Airlines Flight 11 had 76 passengers aboard</p> <p>United Airlines Flight 175 had 51 passengers aboard</p> <p>American Airlines Flight 77 had 53 passengers aboard</p> <p>United Airlines Flight 93 had 33 passengers aboard </p> <p>American Airlines Flight 11 At 7:59 Am American Airlines Flight 11 left Boston heading to Los Angeles </p> <p>The flight headed North through New York and towards Pennsylvania in its normal direction</p> <p>But about a half an hour into its flight it took a sudden turn and headed South towards New York City</p> <p>United Airlines Flight 175 At 8:14 Am United Airlines Flight 175 left Boston heading to Los Angeles</p> <p> This flight began cutting south through Massachusetts &amp; the Northwestern part of Connecticut toward New York City</p> <p>American Airlines Flight 77 At 8:20 Am American Airlines Flight 77 leaves Northern Virginia heading to Los Angeles</p> <p>They begin their normal course through Maryland but take an abrupt U-turn as the cross the Ohio border</p> <p>They begin heading back toward Washington D.C. </p> <p>United Airlines Flight 93 At 8:42 Am United Airlines Flight 93 leaves Newark New Jersey headed for San Francisco</p> <p>They head out of New Jersey across Pennsylvania and into Ohio</p> <p>They too suddenly pull a U-turn and head straight towards Washington D.C.</p> <p>The DestructionAt 8:46 American Airlines Flight 11 reaches New York City and slams into the North Tower of the World Trade Center</p> <p>Almost immediately after that at 9:03 hijackers fly United Airlines Flight 175 into the South Tower of the World Trade Center </p> <p>The DestructionA little more than a half an hour later news comes that American Airlines Flight 77 has slammed into the Pentagon building in Washington D.C.</p> <p>At 10:03Am the final plane United Airlines Flight 93 crashes into a field in Pennsylvania (It was on its way to the White House) </p> <p>The Twin TowersBoth the North &amp; South towers begin smoking and smelling of burning steel as soon as they were hit</p> <p>All 137 people aboard the two planes were instantly killed as the planes blew up into the side of the building from the impact</p> <p>The Twin TowersBecause of how the towers were built once the planes hit the building the steel structure was not strong enough to hold up the building because they were so tall</p> <p>The buildings collapsed one floor on top of another </p> <p>The more floors that collapsed the faster they would collapse</p> <p>It was like little dominos knocking each other down</p> <p>The Twin TowersIt was like little dominos knocking each other down</p> <p>Both Towers collapsed sending a huge cloud of dust and brick into the air</p> <p>This cloud came like an avalanche through the streets of New York sending people running for their lives </p> <p>2752 died in the Twin Towers attack alone (including people in the planes, towers, and rescue personnel)</p> <p>The PentagonAt 9:37 Am a Boeing 757 going 345 miles per hour crashes into the side of the Pentagon</p> <p>The crash kills all people aboard the plane &amp; 125 people working in the Pentagon</p> <p>The WhitehouseSome of the people aboard Flight United Airlines Flight 93 have heard of the hijackings from loved ones who have called them</p> <p>Shortly it becomes very clear that they are next</p> <p>Hijackers take control of the plane and tell the passengers that they are headed back to the air port </p> <p>The WhitehouseBecause of the calls made by some of their loved ones the passengers know better</p> <p>Some brave passengers led by Todd Beamer begin to make a plan to jump the hijackers</p> <p>Todd and some of the other passengers jump the hijackers</p> <p>The WhitehouseThere is a struggle between the passengers and the hijackers that is caught on radio</p> <p>The passengers are never able to take control of the plane as they crash land into a field in Pennsylvania</p> <p>Everyone on the plane is killed</p> <p>But they saved many lives including possibly the Presidents life</p> <p>TragedyFor the United States of America September 11th 2001 goes down in history as one of the countries most tragic days</p> <p> 2,819 people were killed343 firefighters and paramedics23 NYPD officersPeople from 115 different countries were killed</p> <p>HeroismOut of the death and destruction came Heroism</p> <p>Many normal citizens rose up and saved other peoples lives</p> <p>The NYPD &amp; NYFD saved countless peoples lives and risked their own lives</p> <p>The passengers on flight 93 saved lives even though they gave theirs</p> <p>PatriotismMuhammad &amp; Bin Laden wanted to tear America apart through the September 11th attacks </p> <p>But it made the country stronger</p> <p>It made people proud to be an American</p> <p>It made people proud to help each other</p> <p>It made Americans band together and remember that this country</p> <p>PatriotismIt made people proud to help each other</p> <p>It made Americans band together and remember that this country</p> <p>It made everyone realize that we are pioneers &amp; trailblazers that fight for freedom. We have transformed our dreams into the truth and our struggles have made our great nation</p> <p>Real Hero Todd Beamer StoryFlight 93 </p> <p>Todd Beamer Story</p> <p>Lets Rolehttp://www.history.com/topics/9-11-attacks/videos#the-todd-beamer-story-lets-roll September 11th Videohttp://www.history.com/topics/9-11-attacks/videos#911-timeline</p> <p>http://www.history.com/topics/9-11-attacks/videos#heroism-on-911 http://www.history.com/topics/9-11-attacks/videos#how-the-towers-collapsed </p>

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