test_ww_ii

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WW IIMultiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. How did the Great Depression eventually change Germany politically? a. b. c. d. ____ Germans eventually believed that democracy would solve their economic problems. Germans eventually believed that Hitler would solve their economic problems. Thousands of Germans eventually emigrated to communist nations in search of jobs. The German parliament eventually became more powerful.

2. Which of the following actions did Japan take in an attempt to recover from the Great Depression? a. b. c. d. Japan adopted democratic principles. Japan reduced military spending. Japan abandoned its constitutional monarchy. Japan seized control of resources in other nations.

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3. What impact did the appeasement policy of the United States, Britain, and France have on German aggression? a. b. c. d. It encouraged more aggression. It reduced aggression. It restricted aggression to certain regions. It brought peace to Europe.

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4. The Neutrality Act of 1939 allowed nations at war to buy arms and other supplies from the United States as long as those nations a. b. c. d. agreed to keep the United States out of the conflict. promised not to use the materials against the United States. paid cash and transported the materials themselves. adopted democratic policies in their own countries.

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5. Interventionists claimed that the United States could avoid war if it a. b. c. d. sent aid to Britain. refused aid to Britain. sent aid to all nations at war. refused aid to any nation at war.

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6. Which of the following was perceived as being equivalent to declaring economic war against the Axis Powers? a. b. c. d. the Munich Pact the Tripartite Pact the Atlantic Charter the Lend-Lease Act

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7. What goal did President Roosevelt hope to achieve when he enacting the embargo on naval and aviation supplies in 1940?

a. b. c. d. ____

to provoke Japan into war to stop Japanese expansion to avoid war with Japan to appease Japan

8. What role did the Office of War Mobilization play during the war? a. b. c. d. It issued propaganda statements. It monitored civilian activities. It supervised use of industry resources. It recruited soldiers for military service.

Directions: Use this map to answer the question(s).

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9. Where does the Bataan Peninsula lie in relation to Manila? a. b. c. d. east west north south

____ 10. About how many total miles did U.S. troops travel on the Bataan Death March? a. b. c. d. 65 90 125 160

____ 11. The Allies adopted a Europe First strategy because a. Japans victory at the Battle of Coral Sea had frustrated Allied objectives.

b. Germany, Italy, and Japan developed a coordinated strategy for victory. c. Italy threatened to conquer from the eastern Adriatic to East Africa. d. only Germany was considered a serious long-term threat. ____ 12. Which of the following describes the Battle of Midway? a. b. c. d. Admiral Yamamoto wanted to force U.S. defenses back to the California coast. Armed ships faced one another directly instead of using planes and bombers. The Japanese navy was concentrated near the location of the battle. The United States lost several aircraft carriers in the victory.

____ 13. Wartime migration caused the worst incident of racial violence in a. b. c. d. Los Angeles, California. Washington, D.C. Detroit, Michigan. Poston, Arizona.

____ 14. Japanese Americans generally faced more restrictions than Italian or German Americans during World War II because they a. b. c. d. held more political power in the United States. greatly outnumbered other immigrant groups. were more isolated from other Americans. lived along the West Coast.

____ 15. Why did Stalin want Britain and the United States to open a second front in France? a. b. c. d. He wanted Germany to divide its troops between two fronts. Soviet forces were losing ground in Eastern Europe and in the South. He recalled the slaughter of troops along the Western Front in World War I. His advisers told him the German U-boat presence in the English Channel was dangerous.

____ 16. President Trumans chief priority in using the atomic bomb against Japan was to a. b. c. d. become a superpower. save American lives. prepare for a U.S. invasion of Japan. protect the lives of Japanese civilians.

____ 17. Which group did Nazi ideology consider superior to other people? a. b. c. d. Zionists Gypsies Jehovahs Witnesses Aryans

____ 18. At the 1942 Wannsee Conference, Reinhard Heydrich a. b. c. d. decided to invade large territories that were home to millions of Jews. planned to carry out bogus medical experiments on prisoners. determined the need to build additional concentration camps. outlined a plan to exterminate about 11,000,000 Jews.

Use the quotation below to answer the question. disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent [beginning] of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration [aim] of the common people, ____ 19. What does this quotation from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights proclaim? a. b. c. d. The conscience of mankind wants to begin a new country. People should try to ensure freedom and happiness for all humans. Barbarous acts will never happen on Earth again. People should work toward becoming wealthy.

____ 20. What is one result of World War II? a. b. c. d. Matching Directions: Choose the person or term that best fits each description. a. b. c. d. e. f. g. Anschluss appeasement Joseph Stalin Atlantic Charter blitzkrieg Winston Churchill totalitarianism h. i. j. k. l. m. Tripartite Pact Adolf Hitler Douglas MacArthur Hideki Tojo WAC Neutrality Act of 1939 Britain, France, and Spain began to seek new territories. General Douglas MacArthur supervised the rebuilding of Germany. Colonial peoples renewed their drive for independence from European powers. The United States had the worlds largest military force.

__G__ 21. theory of government in which one person or party controls all aspects of life __I__ 22. dictator who wanted to unite all Germanic people into one state __D__ 23. document that strengthened the alliance between the United States and Britain __E__ 24. lightning war __F__ 25. British leader who said that Nazi aggression threatened all democracies __A__ 26. Germanys peaceful union with Austria __H__ 27. formal alliance between Germany, Italy, and Japan __L__ 28. army auxiliary corps for women __K__ 29. general who staged a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor _J___ 30. commander of the United States Army forces in Asia

Directions: Choose the person or term that best fits each description. You will not use all of the answers. a. b. c. d. e. f. g. Erwin Rommel Tuskegee Airmen 442nd Regimental Combat Team A. Philip Randolph bracero program rationing Operation Overlord h. i. j. k. l. m. War Refugee Board Europe First strategy genocide island hopping United Nations Yalta Conference

__I__ 31. Allied two-front strategy used to defeat Hitler _K___ 32. strategy used for capturing strategic Pacific locations __D__ 33. campaigned against discriminatory practices in the United States __M__34. Big Three meeting to discuss postwar plans __B__ 35. famous African American squadron __F__ 36. limiting the amount of certain goods that civilians can buy __C__ 37. all-Nisei unit; most decorated military unit in U.S. history __J__ 38. willful annihilation of a racial, political, or cultural group __H__ 39. U.S. organization designed to aid Eastern European Jews _G___ 40. fostered cooperation between the Great Powers Short Answer Directions: Use the political cartoon to answer this question on a separate sheet of paper.

41. Draw Inferences How are isolationists portrayed in this cartoon? Explain.

Fat Suits.Directions: Answer the following questions on a separate sheet of paper. 42. Identify Central Issues What was the Four Freedoms speech, and why was it significant?

Four Freedoms was a speech given by FDR to encourage US to enter the war to fight for the four freedoms of all Americans.

43. Recognize Cause and Effect How did the attack on Pearl Harbor cause the United States to abandon its neutral position on the war between the Allies and Axis Powers?

Pearl Harbor was the Catalyst for US to enter the war. It united Republicans and Americans and raised their anger against the axis powers for attacking their Naval Base in Hawaii.44. Compare and Contrast Why was the United States considered a stronger superpower than the Soviet Union following World War II? The US had deadlier technology, a more stable government, and enough supplies for their military. Directions: Use the poster below and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question on a separate sheet of paper.

45. Interpret Images Why would the U.S. government have distributed a poster like this around the United States?

To encourage people to help out the military by rationing their supplies.