teaching art with cultural diversity

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Teaching with Cultural Diversity

How can I teach art in ways that makes my students take pride in their own cultural identity while gaining respect and appreciation for the art and customs of other cultures?Marvin Bartel http://www.goshen.edu/art/ed/multiculturalart.htmlMuch of what we know about historic cultures is through objects we are likely to consider as art.

How can we teach about other cultures without stereotyping them?

Hung LiuFind contemporary artists, too. Hung Liu is from China but lives in the US now. Many of her paintings are based on old photographs and Chinese history.5Is it appropriate to make assumptions about a culture that has no word for art?

For example, Native American cultures have no word for art. They do not separate art from life.

Julian and Maria Martinez, San Ildefonso Pueblo6Is it right to imitate what might be sacred or at least traditional in another culture?Marvin Bartel http://www.goshen.edu/art/ed/multiculturalart.html

The Heard Museum in Phoenix, ArizonaKachina by Georgia OKeeffeKachinas are sacred objects to Native American people. These figurines are given to children not as toys, but as objects to be treasured and studied. Not sure we should be having students make their own versions.

7If I know an artists intentions, I can motivate my students to create art based on similar intentions related to the culture of the students in my class.Marvin Bartel http://www.goshen.edu/art/ed/multiculturalart.html

Learn as much as you can before teaching your students.8

Learn about artists as part of a larger unit. Here a Days of the Dead celebration honors Mexican artists Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo.

Dont forget to explore Visual Culture. Hello Kitty is shown here in many incarnations.10

School Wide Themes or Celebrations11

Cilau Valadez Agustin Cruz PrudencioLearn all you can about and from artists from different cultures. Here is Cilau Valadez, Huichol culture from Mexico and Agustin Cruz Prudencion from Oaxaca, Mexico.12John Dahlsen Totems

Look for contemporary artists whointegrate historical or cultural ideas. Look for contemporary artists who integrate historical ideas and culture.13

Brian JungenBrian Jungen (born April 29, 1970 in Fort St. John, British Columbia) is a Canadian artist from British Columbia with Swiss and Dunne-za First Nations ancestry. Jungen is the first living Native American artist to exhibit at the Smithsonian's National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI) in Washington, D.C. with his survey exhibition entitled Strange Comfort that was on view from October 16, 2009 to August 8, 2010. Jungen won the 2010 Iskowitz Prize for visual arts.14

James MishlerNathan Jackson15One approach is to start with the cultures represented in your school and community.

Another is to start with a theme or big idea and show how it has been expressed in art from many cultures and times. Try to include visual culture and both contemporary and historic artworks.

Know what you are talking about.How to Get StartedErnest Boyers Human CommonalitiesAll of us: experience the life cycles. work. use symbols. know time and place. search for a larger purpose. have an aesthetic response. seek social bonding. have a connection to nature.The Symbol of the HandWhat can it mean?

How to Get Started

One approach is to start with the cultures represented in your school and community.

Come up with a theme or big idea. This can be as simple as identity, community, story, nature, ecology, cycles, etc. Keep concepts simple. Consider how that idea is expressed in art. Look for many art examples from different times, places, and cultures that will appeal to students. Try to include visual culture and both contemporary and historic artworks.

Think about how you will engage your students. How can you present each lesson in an interesting way? Sharing a book, showing and discussing an Animoto video, PowerPoint, or Prezi? 19

Search Out Your Own Multicultural ExperiencesJoin SchoolArts and CRIZMAC in Oaxaca, Mexico, or Santa Fe, New Mexico