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  • 1

    T.C.

    ATILIM NVERSTES

    SOSYAL BLMLER ENSTTS

    ULUSLARARASI LKLER ANABLM DALI

    YRMBRNC YZYILDA TRKYENN

    GVENLK RSKLER:

    BAIMSIZ KRT DEVLETNN KURULMA HTMALNN

    DOURABLECE SORUNLAR

    YKSEK LSANS TEZ

    erif Emre ALAR

    TEZ DANIMANI

    Yrd. Do. Dr. Poyraz GRSON

    Ankara-2013

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    T.C.

    ATILIM NVERSTES

    SOSYAL BLMLER ENSTTS

    ULUSLARARASI LKLER ANABLM DALI

    YRMBRNC YZYILDA TRKYENN

    GVENLK RSKLER:

    BAIMSIZ KRT DEVLETNN KURULMA HTMALNN

    DOURABLECE SORUNLAR

    YKSEK LSANS TEZ

    erif Emre ALAR

    TEZ DANIMANI

    Yrd. Do. Dr. Poyraz GRSON

    Ankara-2013

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    NSZ

    Bu almann amac Yirmibirinci yzylda Trkiyenin gvenlik riskleri:

    Bamsz Krt devletinin kurulma ihtimalinin dourabilecei sorunlarn Trkiye

    jeopolitiine ve evre lkelerine olas etkilerini deerlendirmektir.

    Trkiye corafyas bulunduu lokasyon itibariyle tehdit algsn srekli olarak

    zerinde tutmaktadr. Bu tehdit alglarndan bir tanesi de Kuzey Irak ve/veya Trkiye

    merkezli ayrlk Krt unsurlarca kurulmak istenen Bamsz Krt devleti dncesi

    olmutur. Bu dnce 1980li yllarda evrilmeye balamtr. almamzda ki

    ncelik; gvenliin kavramsal stats ile bamsz Krt devleti dncesinin Trkiye

    jeopolitiine olas etkilerinin aratrlmas olmutur.

    Tez yazm srecinde Krt meneili hareketlerin devletleme abalarna eriim

    konusunda kaynak azl nedeniyle birtakm zorluklar yaadm belirtmek

    istiyorum. Bu zorluklarn bertaraf iin detayl bir ariv aratrmas yaptm. Tezimin

    yazm aamasndaki en yorucu fakat bir o kadar da merak uyandran ksm kanmca

    bu balk olmutur.

    almalarmda bana her konuda destek olan ok deerli hocam Yrd. Do.

    Dr. Poyraz GRSONa youn alma temposunda bana kar gstermi olduklar

    anlaytan dolay ncelikli olarak tezimi ithaf ettiim Eim Esra ALARa

    ayrca eitim hayatm boyunca benden maddi ve manevi desteini asla esirgemeyen

    Babam Abdurahim, Annem Mualla ve Kardeim Erdem ALARa

    teekkrlerimi bir bor bilirim.

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    NDEKLER

    GR .......................................................................................................................... 1

    BRNC BLM ...................................................................................................... 4

    BREY VE DEVLET BALAMINDA GVENLK ............................................. 4

    1.GVENLK KAVRAMI .......................................................................................... 4

    2. GVENLK KAVRAMIYLA YAKINDAN LGL DER TERMLER ........... 5

    2.1 G ..................................................................................................................... 5

    2.2 Tehdit ................................................................................................................. 5

    2.3 atma ............................................................................................................... 5

    2.4 Jeopolitik ............................................................................................................ 5

    2.5 Jeostrateji............................................................................................................ 6

    2.6 Risk .................................................................................................................... 6

    2.7 Savunma ............................................................................................................. 7

    2.8 Strateji ................................................................................................................ 7

    3. DEVLETLERN GVENL LE LGL ALIMALARIN TARH .............. 7

    KNC BLM ...................................................................................................... 11

    SOUK SAVA VE SONRASI TRKYENN GVENL ......................... 11

    1.TRKYENN GVENL BALAMINDA CORAF KONUMU VE

    BLGESEL ROL ................................................................................................... 11

    1.1 TRKYE CORAFYASININ STRATEJK NEM .................................. 11

    2. SOUK SAVA DNEM VE SONRASI TRKYEYE YNELK

    TEHDTLER .............................................................................................................. 13

    2.1 SOUK SAVA DNEMNDE TRKYEYE YNELK TEHDTLER .. 13

    2.1.1 Yunanistan .................................................................................................... 15

    2.1.2 Bulgaristan .................................................................................................... 17

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    2.1.3 Suriye ............................................................................................................ 17

    2.1.4 srail .............................................................................................................. 20

    2.1.5 SSCB ............................................................................................................. 22

    2.1.6 ABD .............................................................................................................. 23

    2.1.7 ran ................................................................................................................ 26

    3. SOUK SAVA SONRASI DNEMDE TRKYENN GVENL ........... 29

    3.1 SOUK SAVA SONRASI DNEMDE GVENLK ALGISI ................... 29

    3.2 SOUK SAVA SONRASI TRKYENN LKELER, BLGELER VE

    RGTLER BALAMINDA LKLER VE GVENLK ENDELER ...... 32

    3.2.1 ran le likiler .......................................................................................... 32

    3.2.2 Suriye ile likiler ...................................................................................... 38

    3.2.3 srail ile likiler ........................................................................................ 41

    3.2.4 Irak ile likiler .......................................................................................... 44

    3.2.5 Balkanlar ve Trkiye ................................................................................. 49

    3.2.6 Rusya Federasyonu le likiler ................................................................. 62

    3.2.7 ABD le likiler ........................................................................................ 66

    3.2.8 Avrupa Birlii le likiler ......................................................................... 71

    3.2.9 Trk Cumhuriyetleri ve Kafkasya le likiler .......................................... 74

    NC BLM .................................................................................................. 83

    ORTADOUDA KRTLERN DEVLETLEME ABALARI ...................... 83

    1. TARHTEK KRT MENEL HAREKETLER VE DEVLETLEME

    ABALARI ............................................................................................................... 83

    2. LULU ..................................................................................................................... 83

    3. GUTLER (CUT-CUD) ...................................................................................... 83

    4. KASAY-KUS-KUU-KASTLER (KASSTES) ................................................ 84

    5. MTANN KRALLII........................................................................................... 84

    6. KHALD URARTU ............................................................................................ 84

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    7. SUBAR ................................................................................................................. 85

    8. HAMDANLER ..................................................................................................... 85

    9. ZYARLAR (ALAMUT ZYAR-) ....................................................................... 85

    10. BVEYHOULLARI ......................................................................................... 86

    11. HASANVEYHLER ............................................................................................. 86

    12. MERVANLER ................................................................................................... 87

    13. ANNAZLER ....................................................................................................... 87

    14. GORLAR ............................................................................................................. 87

    15. FEDLEVLER (ATABEY) .................................................................................. 88

    16. EYYUBLER ....................................................................................................... 92

    17. EDDADLER ..................................................................................................... 92

    19. BOTANLER ....................................................................................................... 94

    20. MEHABAD KRT CUMHURYET ................................................................. 95

    21. KRFEZ KRZ ORTADOU VE KRTLER ............................................... 100

    21.1. Kuzey Irakta Krt Devletinin Oluturma abalar .................................... 105

    22. YRMBRNC YZYILDA BAIMSIZ KRT DEVLETNN KURULMA

    ABALARI VE BLGESEL GVENLK ............................................................ 107

    22.1 Irak Mdahalesi Sonrasnda Kurulmak stenen Krt Devleti Ekseninde Blge

    lkelerine Bak ................................................................................................... 107

    22.1.1 srail .........................................................

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