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Suicidal tendencies among youth and prevention measures.

Introduction

Currently suicide is the third leading cause of death among youth; only accidents and homicide claim more young lives.

Among college students specifically, suicide is the second leading cause of death, surpassed only by accidental injury.

Scope and DemographicsIncreased availability of firearms as a contributing factor is suggested by increases in the rate of suicide by firearms among young people in the United States during the 1980s . Similar increases in youth suicide have been seen in countries such as New Zealand and in Europe, however, where firearms are not a common suicide method .

It has been suggested that the increase in the youth suicide rate paralleled an increase in the rate of depression since the 1950s.

The psychosocial revolution in the Western world beginning in the 1960s, marked by a greater freedom in sexual behaviour, as well as changes in the expectations that young men and women had for themselves and for their relationships, is also thought to have contributed to youth suicide. Relationship between substance abuse and suicide has been clearly established in a number of studies of both adults and youth.

The diminishing cohesion of the family observed since World War II has frequently been blamed for a wide range of youth problem behaviours, including both drug abuse and suicide.

Some factsBetween the mid-1950s and the late 1970s, the suicide rate among U.S. males aged 15 24 more than tripled. Among females aged 15 24, the rate more than doubled during this period. The youth suicide rate generally levelled off during the 1980s and early 1990s, and since the mid-1990s, it has been steadily decreasing. About 4,000 people aged 15 24 die by suicide each year in the United States. In the United States suicide is currently the third leading cause of death among all youth ages 15 24. Among young people aged 15 24, males die by suicide almost six times more frequently than females.

Suicide preventionWe believe that the best way to counter the effect of suicide is by educating the people about its ill effects the other ways include finding the people who might want to commit suicide and try to resolve their problemsAt the end of the day it always comes down to what you want to do and what you dont want to.

Measures SUICIDE AWARENESS AND EDUCATION PROGRAMS: The key assumptions underlying such programs are that the conditions that contribute to suicide risk in adolescents and young adults often go unrecognized, undiagnosed, and untreated, and that educating students and about the warning signs for suicide and appropriate responses will result in better identification of at-risk youth, and an increase in help seeking and referrals for treatment. SCREENING PROGRAMS : Screening for depression in adults has been demonstrated to increase the likelihood of depressed adults seeking mental health treatment. Universal screening programs as a youth suicide prevention strategy are designed to identify young people at risk for suicidal behavior and refer them to treatment. PROGRAMS FOR SUICIDAL STUDENTS It is believed that subsequent suicidal thoughts and behaviour can be reduced by enhancing protective factors, in particular, students' personal and social support resources. EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT INTERVENTIONS FOR YOUNG SUICIDE ATTEMPTERS A considerable number of youth who make suicide attempts obtain some form of medical intervention, typically beginning in a hospital emergency department (ED). This suggests that the ED may be a prime location for initiating treatment programs aimed at suicidal youth.

PROGRAMS FOR YOUTH EXPOSED TO SUICIDE: Studies show that adolescents' exposure to the suicide of a family member or peer can trigger new-onset or recurrent major depressive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, and suicidal ideation, especially within the month following the suicide. It is required to identify and assist those at risk for developing depression or posttraumatic stress disorder in response to the suicide. FIREARMS RESTRICTION : Encourage restriction of access to firearms by children and adolescents. The key assumption underlying such programs is that accessibility is a primary risk factor for suicide. Programs of this type have been directed primarily at parents. PHARMACOLOGICAL TREATMENTS: Studies have reported that depressed patients who have made suicide attempts have lower levels of 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) in the brainstem and in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) compared to depressed non-attempters. So this method would involve administering dosage of these hormones

Life is a gift dont waste it. A failure in life doesnt mean its end. Make your dreams come true Stay Alive!!!

Group members1. Anoop Bahishya. 2. Bimlesh Kumar Singh. 3. Kumar Harshvardhan. 4. Prateek Tiwari . 5. Raviranjan Kumar. 6. Syed Amir Ali. 7. Varun Patap Bhardwaj.