small woods and small woods
Post on 28-Nov-2014
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- 1. Sustainable Woodland Management
2. Woodlands in England Total woodland area 1,119,000haConifers 370,000ha Broadleaved 749,000ha 3. Woodland History Woodland clearance started in the neolithic period 5000 years ago Dropped to 15% by time of the Norman Conquest, and further to 5% by 1900 Creation of the Forestry Commission in 1919 to develop a strategic resource stimulated a rise to 8.4%, with Englands most wooded county, Surrey, having 22% cover 4. Woodland History This compares to 11.6% across the UK 15% target for England in IFP report 2012 27.9% in France 40% average in EU countries Sweden 60% Japan 70% 5. Key Facts 75% of all woodlands are between 0.1 and 2ha 93% of timber and timber products used in England are imported Annual increment 7.1MT, Harvested at present 2.9MT, Unutilised 4.2MT (59%) 6. Why value woodlands? Economic benefits from planting, management, harvesting, processing, manufacture, also recreation and landscape Biodiversity Social/psychological sense of place, calming Environmental shade, screening, Carbon Balance 7. Woodlands and Climate Change Woodfuel carbon neutral7 8. Woodlands and Climate Change Product substitution8 9. Woodlands and Climate Change New woodlands carbon sinksHealth warning Carbon offset planting must be additional and include provision for future management 9 10. Woodlands and Climate Change Shade, cooling, flood plain management 11. Coppice produce/green wood crafts 12. Why manage woodland? Light is life Benefits for biodiversity decline in woodland birds, butterflies and dormouse linked to unmanaged woodlands since WW2 Local jobs Carbon balance carbon neutral woodfuel into local markets, reduced timber miles 13. Options for management -Coppicing Cutting treesdown to ground level at intervals to stimulate new growth Coupes of 0.250.5ha Coppice with standards Biodiversity value usually high 14. Options for managementClear fell Growing a crop of trees, thinning then felling them all at once, then replacing them with another crop Replacement by planting or natural regeneration Even age all trees of same age Biodiversity value usually low 15. Options for managementContinuous cover Individual trees or small groups selectively felled Gaps filled by natural regeneration Uneven age trees of all ages present Can convert even age woodlands into continuous cover over time Biodiversity value- usually high 16. Current issues Woodlotting Cuts to FC, Natural England FC disposals Diseases Phytophthora, Chalara Climate change species selection, pests/diseases Public perceptions of woodland management Woodfuel 17. Any questions?