Shaping Tomorrow’s Agriculture Today

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Keynote communication of Mark Holderness (GFAR) to IAALD2010 Congress, Montpellier, France, 26-29 April 2010


<ul><li> 1. Shaping Tomorrows Agriculture Today Mark Holderness, Ajit Maru &amp; Valeria PesceThe Global Forum on Agricultural Research</li></ul> <p> 2. The Global Forum is: </p> <ul><li>A Global Advocate for agricultural research to meet the future needs of humanity </li></ul> <ul><li>The Key Global Link between agricultural science and society</li></ul> <ul><li>A Voice for the disadvantaged</li></ul> <ul><li>A Partnership for change </li></ul> <ul><li>A Catalyst for action </li></ul> <ul><li>An Open and Inclusive Platform for sharing and learning </li></ul> <p> 3. GFAR - We Are You </p> <ul><li>Farmers putting poor rural communities at thecentreof research </li></ul> <ul><li>Civil Societya voice for the needs of the disadvantaged, bridging local and scientific innovation </li></ul> <ul><li>National Agricultural Research &amp; Extensioncapable, relevant and integrated systems meeting the needs of the poor </li></ul> <ul><li>Private Sectoreffective, responsible input delivery &amp; output markets </li></ul> <ul><li>International Research Centersdriven by national development needs </li></ul> <ul><li>Fundamental Research Institutionsupstream research driven by development objectives </li></ul> <ul><li>Donor organizationsfulfilling development aims through explicitly demand-driven policies and processes </li></ul> <p> 4. Global Forum: Priorities for Action </p> <ul><li>Advocacy for change :Strengthen the voice and demand of society for innovative agricultural research around key development issues </li></ul> <ul><li>Institutions for the Future :Transform agricultural research, extension and education institutions to meet our future needs </li></ul> <ul><li>Inter-regional learning :New partnerships catalysing rapid and efficient change around the world </li></ul> <ul><li>Putting knowledge to use : Empower change by overcoming the barriers to knowledge flow </li></ul> <p> 5. The GCARD - Transforming AR4D:Business as usual is not an option... </p> <ul><li>Populations are growing fast </li></ul> <ul><li>Food demands are changing </li></ul> <ul><li>Climates are changing </li></ul> <ul><li>Land use is changing </li></ul> <ul><li>Water resources are diminishing </li></ul> <ul><li>Soil resources are eroding </li></ul> <ul><li>Urbanization is advancing </li></ul> <ul><li>Farming populations are getting older </li></ul> <ul><li>The poor are increasingly marginalized </li></ul> <p> 6. Towards an evergreen revolution </p> <ul><li>How can we increase agricultural productivity and farmer incomes while: </li></ul> <ul><li>Ensuring the poor benefit and societal needs are met </li></ul> <ul><li>Sustainably managing environmental resources</li></ul> <ul><li>And what kind of institutions do we need to meet these challenges? </li></ul> <p> 7. </p> <ul><li>But... </li></ul> <ul><li>Why isnt past research better benefiting the poor? </li></ul> <ul><li>Why have many apparently effective technologies not been adopted?</li></ul> <ul><li>Why has society been losing confidence in agricultural science?</li></ul> <ul><li>Why are research and extension institutions not effectively connected with those they are intended to benefit? </li></ul> <p>The generation and application of knowledge is critical to meeting the huge global challenges facing agriculture Agriculture: a knowledge-based industry 8. Developing countries must have access to external information Researchers per million people 9. Clickstream data : howscientific literature is accessed and connected, from users downloading and browsing behaviour (PLoS ONE, 2009) Current science: social science linkages 10. All knowledge has value </p> <ul><li>Scientific knowledge is reductionist, trusted &amp; validated by its method </li></ul> <ul><li>Local knowledge is holistic, trusted &amp; validated by experience &amp; culture </li></ul> <ul><li>Need to link &amp; reconcile these knowledge &amp; trust bases</li></ul> <ul><li>Sustainable developmentmust value &amp; capitalize on both </li></ul> <p>P. Van Mele 11. Empowered by Knowledge Society is full ofnatural innovators... Constrained by resources &amp; risk-aware 12. </p> <ul><li>Knowledge is not static, derives from actions &amp; interactions </li></ul> <p>The nature of innovation Information is passive, becomes knowledge through use Innovation and change derives from the interaction and knowledge of multiple actors within a context J.Vos 13. What stops information becominginnovation ? </p> <ul><li>Control</li></ul> <ul><li>Awareness</li></ul> <ul><li>Media </li></ul> <ul><li>Accessibility </li></ul> <ul><li>Reductionism/complexity </li></ul> <ul><li>Intelligibility &amp; format </li></ul> <ul><li>Relevance </li></ul> <ul><li>Institutional barriers </li></ul> <ul><li>Belief systems </li></ul> <ul><li>Attitudes to change </li></ul> <p>E. Boa 14. GCARD: agricultural research centred on meeting development needs of the poor Knowledge Flow Policy Processes &amp; Networks Markets 15. Communityinnovation loops External information pool Scientific innovation loops Innovation Learning Sharing/ feedback New external knowledge Established information Transformation Community innovation brokers Local knowledge base Belief Test under own conditions Result Adoption Share Accessibility Distillation Mass media Connecting science &amp; society Institutional learning Transformation 16. The role of the Innovation brokers </p> <ul><li>Accessing &amp; Sharing </li></ul> <ul><li>Transforming Information </li></ul> <ul><li>Organizing collective actions </li></ul> <ul><li>Catalysing enterprise </li></ul> <p>J.Vos E. Boa P. VanMele 17. GCARD: Knowledge is essential for development,but development requires more than knowledge Desired development outcome Policies promotingagricultural development &amp;innovation Innovation pathways Enabling environment&amp; inputs 18. Knowledge for all </p> <ul><li>Overcome communication and trust barriers between science &amp; society </li></ul> <ul><li>ICM to integrate scientific and local innovation </li></ul> <ul><li>Transform knowledge, change lives </li></ul> <p>Localinnovation Scientific innovation External information Empower change through knowledge 19. Breaking down the walls </p> <ul><li>Community-centred ,not technology-centred thinking</li></ul> <ul><li>Innovative knowledge access&amp; transformation systems </li></ul> <ul><li>Stakeholders learning&amp; innovating together,managing benefits &amp; risks </li></ul> <ul><li>Institutional reorientation&amp; changed attitudes/values </li></ul> <ul><li>Convergence of R&amp;D,education and businesspolicies and resources </li></ul> <p>joedale.typepad 20. Knowledge for All Advocacy for... </p> <ul><li>Investmentin ICM as integral to research &amp; extension </li></ul> <ul><li>Recognitionof ICM as an AR4D discipline</li></ul> <ul><li>Restructuringinstitutions &amp; promoting knowledge flow </li></ul> <ul><li>Buildinginstitutional &amp; inter-disciplinary connections </li></ul> <ul><li>Integratingdiverse forms of information, reflecting the needs of poor farmers </li></ul> <p> 21. Knowledge for All - Capacities </p> <ul><li>Build on tools and technologies readily available to the poorest </li></ul> <ul><li>Re-purpose data via ICTs to inform and empower smallholder farmers in their decisions </li></ul> <p> 22. Knowledge for All - Access </p> <ul><li>Improve the coherence and integration of diverse information </li></ul> <ul><li>Make information objects: text, pictures, datasets, models, video, radio etc. reusable and customizable for new purposes and contexts </li></ul> <ul><li> Blended learning tools </li></ul> <ul><li>CIARD launch of a key step forwards </li></ul> <p>ITU, 2004 23. 24. Knowledge for All - Governance </p> <ul><li>Whose information is it?Accessibility and IP Capacities </li></ul> <ul><li>How relevant is it for specific development needs? Women farmers, the poorest farmers... </li></ul> <ul><li>Sharing knowledge EGFAR, RSS feeds, blogs, policy papers </li></ul> <ul><li>Develop national and regional agricultural information &amp; learning systems</li></ul> <ul><li>CIARD RING mapping available information resources </li></ul> <p> 25. 26. Over to You... </p> <ul><li>You have the toolsto transform peoples lives through knowledge </li></ul> <ul><li>Youractions are crucial </li></ul> <ul><li>Youhave the power to break down the walls and barriers in agricultural research and extension and their institutions </li></ul> <ul><li>YourGlobal Forum provides the mechanism and the opportunity... </li></ul> <ul><li>Use it to change the world... </li></ul> <p> 27. Thank You </p>


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