science behind sustainable seafood pollock life cycle alaska fisheries science center
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Post on 22-Dec-2015
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- Science Behind Sustainable Seafood Pollock Life Cycle Alaska Fisheries Science Center
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- What is the life cycle of a human? U.S. Department of Commerce | National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration | NOAA Fisheries | Page 2
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- Egg U.S. Department of Commerce | National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration | NOAA Fisheries | Page 3 Beginning in late winter, trillions of tiny walleye pollock eggs are spawned near the bottom in specific areas in Alaska waters. In the Gulf of Alaska, pollock spawn in Shelikof Strait and in the Bering Sea they spawn around the Pribilof Islands and along the Alaska Peninsula. These eggs will drift for two weeks impacted by currents and predators.
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- Yolk-sac Larvae U.S. Department of Commerce | National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration | NOAA Fisheries | Page 4 When larvae (plural of larva) first hatch they rely on food stored in a membranous pouch under their bodies called a yolk sac. While their eyes, stomachs and mouths develop the yolk sac is their only food source for about a week after hatching.
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- Larvae U.S. Department of Commerce | National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration | NOAA Fisheries | Page 5 Once the yolk sac is consumed the larvae, still tiny at about 5 mm in length, catch their own food as they drift with the ocean currents. For about three months the larvae will continue to grow.
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- Age-0 juvenile After their larval stage and before their first birthday, walleye pollock are called Age-0 (zero) and measure about 5 inches in length (about 13 cm). These juveniles are an important food source for sea birds, jellyfish and even adult pollock. U.S. Department of Commerce | National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration | NOAA Fisheries | Page 6
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- Juvenile Walleye pollock are considered juveniles until they have developed enough to spawn (3-4 years). Juvenile fish in the Gulf of Alaska spend their time near shore in coastal bays and estuaries known as nursery areas and in the Bering Sea they have no place to hide.
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- Adult Walleye pollock mature into adults at 3 to 4 years of age and are about 14 inches (35 cm) long. Adults can live up to 17 years, and can grow as large as 3 ft in length (1 m).
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- Explain this image to your neighbor U.S. Department of Commerce | National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration | NOAA Fisheries | Page 9
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- Today you are going to play a game to mimic the life cycle of a pollock. You will be split into groups of 4 students. Each group needs Gameboard game cards Die four game pieces
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- Rules 1.Each student begins as a pollock egg in Shelikof Strait. 2.Start the game off in reverse alphabetical order. Students with last name beginning with Z start first! 3.At each turn a player picks a predator card, to see if they survived being eaten. If they are not eaten then they get to roll the die. 4.The number on the die represents an oceanic condition that may hinder their survival. 1.Jellyfish bloom Pollock eggs and larvae get eaten 2.Current shifts eggs and larvae are lost at sea and die. 3.Sea surface temperature is 2 degrees colder Pollock at all ages thrive. 4.Sea surface temperature is 8 degrees warmer Pollock eggs die. 5.Late spring bloom Pollock larvae die. 6.Increase in Ocean Acidification decreases number of euphausiids Pollock larvae die and adults eat more age-0 juvenile pollock.
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- 5. Record: 1.number of deaths per life stage 2.number of turns 3.Number of survivors to Adult 4.Number of spawners - Adult has to survive 2 turns in order to successfully spawn 6. After 100 turns (100 eggs) the game is over. 7. Tally the numbers and have a discussion of what environmental factors have greatest impact on pollock population. 8. Graph your data 9. Answer the following questions: If fishing stopped is it guaranteed that the pollock population would go up? How will increasing ocean temperatures affect pollock population? Will Ocean acidification have a role in pollock survival? (What is a copepod made out of?) Pollock Game Data number of deaths EggYolk-sac larvaLarvaJuvenileAdult Number of turns Number of survivors to Adult Number of spawners - Adult has to survive 2 turns in order to successfully spawn.
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