Pedagogy and School Libraries: Developing agile approaches in a digital age

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<ul><li><p>FACULTY OF EDUCATION CHARLES STURT UNIVERSITY </p><p>Pedagogy and School Libraries Judy OConnell9 October, 2015</p><p>Developing Agile Approaches in a Digital Age</p><p>flickr photo by clappstar shared under a Creative Commons (BY-NC-ND) license </p><p></p></li><li><p>Developing Agile Approaches in a Digital Age</p></li><li><p>School</p></li><li><p>flickr photo by Kay Kim() shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license</p><p>Change</p><p></p></li><li><p>Challenge</p></li><li><p>Challenge</p></li><li><p>"Gutenberg Parenthesis</p><p>or Living the dream!</p></li><li><p>Eisenstadt (a Gutenberg scholar): the book did not take on its own form until 50 years after it was invented by Gutenberg. Printing was originally called "automatic </p><p>handwriting." [horseless carriage]</p></li><li><p>The Web at 25+ Overall verdict: </p><p>The internet has been a plus for society and an especially good thing for individual users</p><p> </p><p></p></li><li><p> </p><p> </p><p></p></li><li><p>Is the Gutenberg Parenthesis a foundational concept that can </p><p>help us in reconceptualising directions for school libraries?</p></li><li><p>Trends in knowledge construction and </p><p>participatory culture </p></li><li><p>21c curriculum alignment = digital information ecology </p><p>Agile approaches to connected learning </p></li><li><p>21 C teacher librarian</p><p>flickr photo by giulia.forsythe shared under a Creative Commons (BY-NC-SA) license</p><p></p></li><li><p>not just a discussion </p><p>about selfies </p><p>Robert Cornelius in 1839, believed to be the world's first selfie. Photograph: Library of Congress</p><p>digital footprint</p></li><li><p>chirp! a plant watering alarm </p><p>drone pilot locates missing 82-year-old man after three day search</p><p>not just a about our </p><p>technology </p><p>man accused of murder asked Siri where to hide the body</p><p>living replica of Vincent Van Gohs ear</p></li><li><p> welcome innovation </p><p>embrace change </p><p>meet the challenges of our global connected future </p><p>Developing Agile Approaches in a Digital Age</p></li><li><p>Thomas, D., &amp; Brown, J. S. (2011). A new culture of learning: Cultivating the imagination for a world of constant change (Vol. 219). Lexington, KY: CreateSpace. </p><p> Information absorption is a cultural and social process of engaging with the constantly changing world around us. p47</p></li><li><p>When you stand at the door of your library and look inside, do you see your school </p><p>library dream?</p><p></p></li><li><p>What does your library look like, sound like, and feel like - to your school community?</p><p>cc licensed ( BY SD ) flickr photo by heyjudegallery:</p><p></p></li><li><p>7 Things You Should Know About Makerspaces. (2013, April 1). Retrieved June 8, 2015, from </p><p>Awesome effect!</p><p></p></li><li><p>changing their reading </p><p>and </p><p>information encounters</p></li><li><p>changing their creative </p><p>encounters</p></li><li><p>In talking about school libraries and the essential paradigm shift that is taking place, Stanley (2011) highlights three areas of influence:</p><p>Information fluency using search engines effectively; evaluating online information; collaborating in virtual environments, and delivering material resources online.</p><p>Digital citizenship understanding responsible and ethical use of information, and maintaining safe online practices.</p><p>Digital storytelling reading, writing and listening to books in many formats; creating, collaborating and sharing in a range of mediums.</p><p>Digital influences</p><p>Stanley. D.B. (2011). Change has arrived for school libraries, School Library Monthly, 27 (4)4, 4547.</p></li><li><p>Media literacynature and role of subliminal media effects </p><p>The entire process is fundamentally rhetorical: it concerns the transformation of an audience</p><p>McLuhan, E., &amp; McLuhan, M. (2011). Theories of communication. Peter photo by Striking Photography by Bo Insogna shared under a Creative Commons (BY-NC-ND) license</p><p></p></li><li><p>Digital literacy</p><p>reading and writing in a digital environment, in order to position where the literacy action is taking place </p><p>and that it can be authentic, multimodal, far reaching, multi-tool, and code interdependent</p><p>Chase, Z., &amp; Laufenberg, D. (2011). Digital literacies: Embracing the squishiness of digital literacy. Journal of Adolescent &amp; Adult Literacy, 54(7), 535537</p></li><li><p>transliteracy is not about learning text literacy and visual literacy and digital literacy in isolation </p><p>from one another but about the interaction of these literacies</p><p>Transliteracy</p></li><li><p>Information literacy</p><p>the evolution of Web 2.0 and the revolution of social media and social networking requires a fundamental </p><p>shift in how we think about information literacy</p><p>Mackey, T. P., &amp; Jacobson, T. E. (2014). Metaliteracy: reinventing information literacy to empower learners. American Library Association.</p></li><li><p>comprehensive examination approach to metacognition, </p><p>multiple intelligence theory, multi-literacies, multiple literacies, </p><p>transliteracy, convergence and multimodal literacy. </p><p>Metaliteracy</p></li><li><p>..or any other bunch of new literacies - they really matter!</p></li><li><p>Heuristics for instructional design!</p><p>Each of these has a common purpose to break overall cognitive development process into parts that can more easily </p><p>structure educational processes and goals, and scaffold learning and individual knowledge development. </p></li><li><p>Davies, A., Fidler, D., &amp; Gorbis, M. (2011). Future work skills 2020. </p><p></p></li><li><p>Evolving Learning Landscape</p><p>Current thinking about 21st century skills, and the learning experiences that support their development, are essential starting points for capacity building. A list of the workforce skills presented by Davies, et al (2011, pp. 8-12) include:</p><p> Sense-making Social intelligence Novel and adaptive thinking Cross-cultural competency Computational thinking </p><p> New-media literacy Transdisciplinarity Design mindset Cognitive load management Virtual collaboration </p><p> </p><p></p></li><li><p> Sustainable learning involves a pedagogic fusion between environments, tools, formats and meta-literacy capabilities. </p><p>(Mackey &amp; Jacobson 2011)</p><p>Mackey, T P and Jacobson, T E 2011, Reframing information literacy as a metaliteracy, College &amp; Research Libraries, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 6278. </p></li><li><p>Foundation for young Australians </p><p>2015</p><p> </p><p></p></li><li><p>Trends, challenges and development in technologies that will influence the future of </p><p>schools and libraries</p><p>NMC Horizon Reports</p><p>Using a modified Delphi process, a panel of 50+ education and technology experts identify topics very likely to impact technology planning and decision-</p><p>making: six key trends, six significant challenges and six important developments in technology. </p></li><li><p> Long-Term Impact Trends: next five or more years</p><p> Rethinking how schools work Shift to deeper learning approaches </p><p>Mid-Term Impact Trends: next three to five years Increasing use of collaborative learning approaches Shift from students as consumers to students as creators </p><p>Short-Term Impact Trends: next one to two years Increasing use of hybrid/blended learning designs Rise of STEAM learning (Science, Technology, Engineering, the Arts and Mathematics)</p><p> </p><p>Key Trends Accelerating K-12 Ed Tech Adoption </p><p>unique opportunities for vision and leadership</p><p>Implications for Policy, Leadership, or Practice</p><p></p></li><li><p>Solvable Challenges: Those which we both understand and know how to solve Creating authentic learning opportunities Integrating technology in Teacher Education </p><p>Difficult Challenges: Those we understand but for which solutions are elusive Personalizing learning Rethinking the roles of teachers </p><p>Wicked Challenges: Those that are complex to even define, much less address Scaling teaching innovations Teaching complex thinking</p><p>Significant Challenges Impeding K-12 Ed Tech Adoption</p><p>Increasing use of collaborative learning approaches</p></li><li><p>Time to Adoption: One Year or Less Bring your own device (BYOD) Makerspaces </p><p>Time to Adoption: Two to Three Years 3D printing Adaptive learning technologies </p><p>Time to Adoption: Four to Five Years Digital badges Wearable technology</p><p>Important developments</p><p>Shift of students as consumers to creators</p></li><li><p> Long-Term Impact Trends: next five or more years</p><p> Increasing accessibility of research content Rethinking library spaces </p><p>Mid-Term Impact Trends: next three to five years Evolving nature of scholarly record Increasing focus on research data management </p><p>Short-Term Impact Trends: next one to two years Increasing value of the user experience Prioritisation of mobile content delivery</p><p> </p><p>Key Trends Accelerating Library Ed Tech Adoption </p><p>Implications for Policy, Leadership, or Practice</p><p></p></li><li><p>Solvable Challenges: Those which we both understand and know how to solve Embedding academic and research libraries in the curriculum Improving digital literacy </p><p>Difficult Challenges: Those we understand but for which solutions are elusive Competition from alternative avenues of discovery Rethinking the roles and skills of librarians </p><p>Wicked Challenges: Those that are complex to even define, much less address Embracing the need for radical change Managing knowledge obsolescence</p><p>Significant Challenges Impeding Library Ed Tech Adoption</p><p>Evaluating digital services through user experience</p></li><li><p>Time-to-Adoption: One Year or Less Makerspaces Online learning </p><p>Time-to-adoption: Two to Three Years Information vizualisation Semantic web and linked data </p><p>Time-to-adoption: Four to Five Years Location intelligence Machine learning</p><p>Important developments</p><p>Growth of mobile technology and embedded curriculum</p></li><li><p>What is really at stake? </p></li><li><p>flickr photo by chrisfurniss shared under a Creative Commons (BY-NC) license</p><p></p></li><li><p>Learning today requires that education is built on all kinds of reading and connected information seeking</p></li><li><p>creative commons licensed (BY-NC-SA) flickr photo by kassemmounhem: </p><p>Learning today requires apps, devices, information access, data repositories </p><p>sharing, networks and communication.</p><p></p></li><li><p>The digital age student who can think critically, learn </p><p>through connections, create knowledge and understand concepts should be able to </p><p>actively participate in a digitally enhanced society.</p><p>creative commons licensed (BY-NC-SA) flickr photo by kassemmounhem: </p><p></p></li><li><p>Library futures</p><p> </p><p></p></li><li><p>The question is.....?</p></li><li><p>How should you, your library AND technology connect?</p><p>cc licensed ( BY NC SA ) flickr photo by fatboyke (Luc):</p><p></p></li><li><p>More content, streams of data, topic structures, (theoretically) better quality - all of these in online environments require an equivalent shift in our online capabilities.</p></li><li><p>56</p><p>the first search result is clicked on twice as much as the second, and the second twice as much as the third. Dan Russell, Googles usability chief</p><p>cc licensed ( BY NC SD ) flickr photo by ecsta=cist: h?p://</p><p></p></li><li><p>57cc licensed ( BY NC ) flickr photo by Cayusa: h?p://</p><p></p></li><li><p> ..... because your knowledge and my knowledge, based on what search results we are served, may be very different from each other.</p><p>Siva Vaidhyanathan in The Googlization of Everything,</p><p>Filter bubble!</p><p></p></li><li><p>Rather than simply identifying a useful page, these systems try to pull the information from those pages </p><p>that might be what a user is looking for, and to make this immediately apparent. </p><p>More informative results?</p></li><li><p>Whats the story with the yellow blotch?</p><p>SearchReSearch blog</p><p>A blog about search, search skills, teaching search, learning how to search, learning how to use Google effectively, learning how to do research. It also covers a good deal of sensemaking </p><p>and information foraging.</p><p></p></li><li><p>For several years people have been fascinated by small, robot-</p><p>like figures popping up in city streets and other innocuous places. These figures, now </p><p>documented in flickr pools and blog posts from cities arose the </p><p>world, can be attributed to Stikman (sometimes searched for and referred to as "stickman"), an </p><p>anonymous graffiti artist, sometimes perhaps going by the alias "Bob," who has been putting </p><p>these images up since at least 2006. </p><p></p><p>Search for 'painted yellow man robot' </p><p>yielded 'stickman' for a better explanation. </p><p>About 3 minutes Reply</p><p></p></li><li><p>Agile approaches to your library environments </p><p>Lets talk about my favourites!</p><p>h?p://</p><p></p></li><li><p>When your formative years are spent working your fingers through apps and iPads, smartphones and YouTube, the digital world and its habits can bend and shape not just how you access information, but how you </p><p>conceptualise information discovery!</p><p>h?p://</p><p></p></li><li><p>Google Knowledge Graph</p><p>When you search, youre not just looking for a webpage. </p><p>Youre looking to get answers, understand or explore. </p><p>Google alerts too!</p></li><li><p>Learn about the latest additions to search so as to get the most out of Google.</p><p> </p><p></p></li></ul>


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