palabras afirmativas y negativas “you say yes, i say no”

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  • Palabras Afirmativas y Negativas You say yes, I say no

  • Palabras Afirmativasalso, toosome, anysomething always someone, anyone

    Tambin--Alguien--Siempre--Algo--Algn, -a, -os, -as

  • Palabras Negativasneither, eithernone, not any, no nothing never no one, nobody

    Tampoco--Nadie-Nunca--Nada-Ningn, -a

  • ALGO y NADA/ Something and nothingAlgo and nada are invariable and refer to things and objects.

    EXAMPLES:Hay algo afuera./ There is something outside.No hay nada en el refrigerador./ There is nothing in the refrigerator.

  • ALGUIEN y NADIE / Someone and no oneAlguien and nadie are invariable and refer to people.

    When alguien, nadie are direct objects, they must be preceded by the personal a when they refer to a person.

    EXAMPLES:Invit a alguien a salir./ I asked someone out.No defiendo a nadie./ I don't defend anybody.

  • ALGUNO (some) y NINGUNO (none)Furthermore, alguno and ninguno drop the final -o before masculine singular nouns similarly, uno/one shortens to un, and bueno/ good to buen.EXAMPLES:Algn da venderemos millones./ Some day we'll sell millions.Ningn producto est fallado./ None of the products is damaged.

  • THE USE OF MULTIPLE NEGATIVE:1. Whenever the negative words nada, nadie, nunca, tampoco, follow the verb, no must COME BEFORE the verb, which produces a multiple negative construction.EXAMPLE:No como nunca espinaca./ I never eat spinach.

    2. The negative word can be placed at the end of the sentence.EXAMPLE:No como espinaca nunca./ I never eat spinach.

  • CONTINUED3. When the negative word precedes the verb, the word no is NOT used.EXAMPLE:Nunca como espinaca./ I never eat spinach.EJEMPLOS:

    I never eat apples.

    You never walk at night.

    We never eat bread.

  • DOUBLE NOWhen the answer to a question is negative, the word no appears twice. It appears at the beginning of the sentence and also in front of the verb.

    NOTE: Usually the subject pronoun is omitted in the answer because the verb ending identifies the subject, as in the example above.EXAMPLE:Juan: Abren ahora?/ Are you going to open now?Clerk: No, no abrimos hasta las diez./ No, we don't open until ten.

  • TAMBIN/ Also or too

    Tambin expresses the union of two affirmative sentences. Tambin means also or too.

    OR: simply is used to agree with a prior statement.EXAMPLES:Yo quiero comer; tambin ellos quieren comer./ I want to eat; they want to eat too.Nosotros tambin ganamos la competencia./ We also won the competition.

  • TAMPOCO/ NeitherTampoco means neither and is used to unite negative sentences.

    EXAMPLE:Victoria no comi, y yo tampoco./ Victoria didn't eat and neither did I.

  • Algunas CosasBecause they are adjectives, algn and ningn must agree in Por ejemplo: ningn lpiz; alguna tarea

    In Spanish, double negatives are grammatically correct.Por ejemplo: Nunca tengo ninguna idea.*gender & number with the noun they describe*

  • Practica:I do not have anything in my backpack. - No tengo ______ en mi mochila.2. I always eat spaghetti. Yo ________ como spaghetti.3. I never drive a Ferrari. - Yo _______ conduzco una Ferrari.4. Nobody is dancing. - ________ est bailando.

  • Mas Practica: 5. Someone is knocking on the door. - ________est golpeando la puerta.6. I like ice-cream and I also like chocolate. Me gusta el helado y _________me gusta el chocolate.7. I have some books on the shelf. Tengo ________ libros en el estante.8. I dont have a blue car. _________tengo un auto azul.9. - Me neither. Yo _________ .

  • Algunos ProblemasTraduce las frases al espaol.I dont have any pens.

    She does not see the teacher either.

    We always have some homework.

    They also explain something.Yo no tengo ninguna pluma.Ella no ve al maestro tampoco.Nosotros siempre tenemos alguna tarea.Ellos tambin explican algo.NOTE: De + el = del

    Note: A + el= AL

    NadaSiempreNuncanadie*5. Alguien6.Tambien7.Algunos8.No9.tampoco*