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Outlets for Original Alphabets The outlets of original alphabets are of two types: General Outlets Special Outlets

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Page 1: Outlets for Original Alphabets The outlets of original alphabets are of two types:  General Outlets  Special Outlets

Outlets for Original AlphabetsThe outlets of original alphabets are of two

types: General Outlets Special Outlets

Page 2: Outlets for Original Alphabets The outlets of original alphabets are of two types:  General Outlets  Special Outlets

General Outlets

The General Outlets are of 5 types: Al-Jaof: The space between the mouth

and the throat. It forms only one outlet for pronouncing alphabets.

Page 3: Outlets for Original Alphabets The outlets of original alphabets are of two types:  General Outlets  Special Outlets

Al-Halaq- The Throat

The throat has 3 outlets : Aqsa-al-Halaq: The part of the throat

closer to the chest Wasat-al-Halaq: The middle part of the

throat ( the concave part of the neck) Aadna-al-Halaq: The top most part of the

neck. (where the uvulus is present)

Page 4: Outlets for Original Alphabets The outlets of original alphabets are of two types:  General Outlets  Special Outlets

Al-Lisan – The Tongue

The tongue forms ten outlets

Page 5: Outlets for Original Alphabets The outlets of original alphabets are of two types:  General Outlets  Special Outlets

Al-Shaftan- The lips

The pair of lips has two outlets

Page 6: Outlets for Original Alphabets The outlets of original alphabets are of two types:  General Outlets  Special Outlets

Al-Khaishoom- The Nasal Cavity The nose or the nasal cavity and it has

only one outlet.

Page 7: Outlets for Original Alphabets The outlets of original alphabets are of two types:  General Outlets  Special Outlets

Special Outlets

Page 8: Outlets for Original Alphabets The outlets of original alphabets are of two types:  General Outlets  Special Outlets

Al-Jaof- The mouth

• The empty space between the mouth and the throat.

• It has only one outlet and 3 alphabets are pronounced from this outlet:

• Alif preceded by an alphabet with fatha• Yaa sakinah preceded by an alphabet with

kasra• Wow sakinah preceded by an alphabet with

dammah• The three letters are also called huroof-al-madd

Page 9: Outlets for Original Alphabets The outlets of original alphabets are of two types:  General Outlets  Special Outlets

Al-Halaq-The ThroatAqsa al-Halaq This part of the throat is distant from the

mouth and nearer to the chest. It is the deeper part of the throat.

2 alphabets are pronounced from this part

Hamza and Haa

Page 10: Outlets for Original Alphabets The outlets of original alphabets are of two types:  General Outlets  Special Outlets

Wasat al-Halaq

This portion of the Halaq is in between aqsa al-Halaq and adna al-Halaq. It is the intermediate part of the throat.

2 alphabets are pronounced from this part:

Ain and Haa

Page 11: Outlets for Original Alphabets The outlets of original alphabets are of two types:  General Outlets  Special Outlets

Adna Al-Halaq

This portion is nearer to the mouth. It is the shallow part of the throat. 2 alphabets are pronounced from this outlet:

Ghain and Khaa

All of the alphabets pronounced from the throat are called Huroof Al- Halaqiyah

Page 12: Outlets for Original Alphabets The outlets of original alphabets are of two types:  General Outlets  Special Outlets

Al-Lisan – The TongueAqsa Al-Lisan This is the posterior part of the tongue

nearer to the throat. Qaaf: is pronounced when the deepest part

of the dorsum of the tongue moves upward towards the palate.

Kaaf: is pronounced when the deeper part of the dorsum of tongue moves upwards towards the palate.

These two alphabets are pronounced by the movement of posterior part of the tongue are called Al-Huroof Al – Lahwiyyah.

Page 13: Outlets for Original Alphabets The outlets of original alphabets are of two types:  General Outlets  Special Outlets

Wasat-ul-Lisan

This is the intermediate portion of the tongue in between aqsa al lisan and toraf al lisan (tip).

when this portion moves upwards towards the palate, three alphabets are pronounced.

JeemSheenYaa ( no sukoon)These three alphabets are called Huroof Al

Shajariyah

Page 14: Outlets for Original Alphabets The outlets of original alphabets are of two types:  General Outlets  Special Outlets

Haafati Al-Lisaan

This is the side of tongue. By applying tension on the side of the tongue and pressing it on the upper teeth ( molars and pre-molars) a single alphabet.

Daad

This alphabet is called harf al-Haafiyah

Page 15: Outlets for Original Alphabets The outlets of original alphabets are of two types:  General Outlets  Special Outlets

Toraf Al-Lisan

This is the tip of the tongue. It forms part of six outlets from which twelve alphabets are pronounced.

Outlet: 1 – This outlet is formed when tip of the tongue presses the inner side of upper central incisor teeth. From this outlet is pronounced the alphabet Laam

Page 16: Outlets for Original Alphabets The outlets of original alphabets are of two types:  General Outlets  Special Outlets

Toraf Al-LisanOutlet # 2 The ip of the tongue presses against the

base of central incisor teeth on the inner side. From this outlet is pronounced one alphabet.

Noon

Page 17: Outlets for Original Alphabets The outlets of original alphabets are of two types:  General Outlets  Special Outlets

Toraf Al-LisanOutlet # 3 The tip of the tongue with the small

portion of the dorsum of tongue touches a little above the bases of central incisor teeth, The tip of the tongue is bent dorsally inside the mouth. From this outlet is pronounced the alphabet

RaaLaam, Noon and Raa are grouped as Al-

Huroof Al Zalaqiyah.

Page 18: Outlets for Original Alphabets The outlets of original alphabets are of two types:  General Outlets  Special Outlets

Toraf Aal-LisanOutlet # 4 The tip of the tongue with more of dorsum

pressing against the bases of central incisor teeth. The three alphabets pronounced from this outlet are:

Taw Daal Taa This roup is called Al-Huroof Al-Natoiyyah

Page 19: Outlets for Original Alphabets The outlets of original alphabets are of two types:  General Outlets  Special Outlets

Toraf Al-LisanOutlet # 5 Partial or incomplete touching of the tip

of the tongue to the inner side of central incisor teeth leaving a small gap. The alphabets are

Sawd Zaa SeenThis group is called Al-Huroof Al-Asliyyah

Page 20: Outlets for Original Alphabets The outlets of original alphabets are of two types:  General Outlets  Special Outlets

Toraf Al-LisanOutlet # 6 Tip of the tongue protruding between

upper and lower central incisors with a little pressure on the dorsum of the tongue. The alphabets are:

Zaw Dhaal ThaThis group is called Al-Huroof Al-

Lathawiyya

Page 21: Outlets for Original Alphabets The outlets of original alphabets are of two types:  General Outlets  Special Outlets

Al-ShaftaanThe lips

The pairs of lips forms the basis for two outlets

Outlet #1:The belly of lower lip touches the edges of

the upper incisor teeth resulting in the pronunciation of Faa.

Page 22: Outlets for Original Alphabets The outlets of original alphabets are of two types:  General Outlets  Special Outlets

Al-ShaftaanOutlet# 2

When both the lips close forcefully, the resulting alphabets produced are

BaaMeem

Page 23: Outlets for Original Alphabets The outlets of original alphabets are of two types:  General Outlets  Special Outlets

The alphabet “waw” without the Madd is pronounced with semi circling the lips

Faa, Baa, Meem and Waw are groupes as Al-Huroof Al-Shafawiyah

Page 24: Outlets for Original Alphabets The outlets of original alphabets are of two types:  General Outlets  Special Outlets

Al-KhaishoomThe Nasal Cavity

It is the cavity between nose and mouth i.e Nasal Cavity.

From this outlet are pronounced:Duplicated Noon Duplicated

Meem Merged Noon Merged

MeemConcealed Noon Concealed

Meem