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Oracle Real Application Cluster on Cisco Unified Computing System and EMC VNX Storage

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  • Oracle Real Application Cluster on Cisco Unified Computing System and EMC VNX StorageA Cisco Validated Design for Oracle 11g R2 (11.2.0.2) RAC Running on Oracle Linux and Cisco UCS B-Series Servers

    Last Updated: May 22, 2012

    Building Architectures to Solve Business Problems

  • Cisco Validated Design2

  • About the Autho

    3rs

    About the Authors

    Tushar Patel, Principle Engineer, Data Center Group, Cisco

    Tushar Patel is a Principle Engineer for the Cisco Systems Data Center group. Tushar has nearly

    fifteen years of experience in database architecture, design and performance. Tushar also has

    strong background in Intel x86 architecture, storage and virtualization. He has helped a large

    number of enterprise customers evaluate and deploy various database solutions. Tushar holds

    a Master's degree in Computer Science and has presented to both internal and external audi-

    ences at various conferences and customer events.

    Niranjan Mohapatra, Technical Marketing Engineer, Data Center Group, Cisco

    Niranjan Mohapatra is a Technical Marketing Engineer for Cisco Systems Data Center group

    and specialist on Oracle RAC RDBMS. He has over 13 years of extensive experience with Ora-

    cle RDBMS and associated tools. Niranjan has worked as a TME and a DBA handling production

    systems in various organizations. He holds a Master of Science (MSc) degree in Computer Sci-

    ence and is also an Oracle Certified Professional (OCP) and Storage Certified Professional.

  • 4About Cisco Validated Design

    About C

    The CVD prog

    tate faster, mo

    http://www.cis

    ALL DESIGNS,

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    THE DESIGNS

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    DEPENDING O

    The Cisco imp

    University of C

    tem. All rights r

    Cisco and the C

    countries. A lis

    party trademar

    does not imply

    Any Internet Pr

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    2012 Cisco

    isco Validated Design (CVD) Program

    ram consists of systems and solutions designed, tested, and documented to facili-

    re reliable, and more predictable customer deployments. For more information visit

    co.com/go/designzone.

    SPECIFICATIONS, STATEMENTS, INFORMATION, AND RECOMMENDATIONS (COLLEC-

    NS") IN THIS MANUAL ARE PRESENTED "AS IS," WITH ALL FAULTS. CISCO AND ITS SUP-

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    ILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT OR ARISING

    SE OF DEALING, USAGE, OR TRADE PRACTICE. IN NO EVENT SHALL CISCO OR ITS

    LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES,

    ITHOUT LIMITATION, LOST PROFITS OR LOSS OR DAMAGE TO DATA ARISING OUT OF

    ABILITY TO USE THE DESIGNS, EVEN IF CISCO OR ITS SUPPLIERS HAVE BEEN ADVISED

    IBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.

    ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE. USERS ARE SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR

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    SSIONAL ADVICE OF CISCO, ITS SUPPLIERS OR PARTNERS. USERS SHOULD CONSULT

    CHNICAL ADVISORS BEFORE IMPLEMENTING THE DESIGNS. RESULTS MAY VARY

    N FACTORS NOT TESTED BY CISCO.

    lementation of TCP header compression is an adaptation of a program developed by the

    alifornia, Berkeley (UCB) as part of UCBs public domain version of the UNIX operating sys-

    eserved. Copyright 1981, Regents of the University of California.

    isco Logo are trademarks of Cisco Systems, Inc. and/or its affiliates in the U.S. and other

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    ks mentioned are the property of their respective owners. The use of the word partner

    a partnership relationship between Cisco and any other company. (1005R)

    otocol (IP) addresses and phone numbers used in this document are not intended to be

    es and phone numbers. Any examples, command display output, network topology dia-

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    Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. (CVD) Program

  • Deploying Oracle 11gR2 (11.2.0.2) Real Application Clusters on Oracle Linux 5.7 Using Cisco Unified Computing System and EMC VNX Storage

    OverviewThis Cisco Validated Design describes how the Cisco Unified Computing System can be used in conjunction with EMC VNX storage systems to implement an Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC) solution that is an Oracle Certified Configuration. The Cisco Unified Computing System provides the compute, network, and storage access components of the cluster, deployed as a single cohesive system. The result is an implementation that addresses many of the challenges that database administrators and their IT departments face today, including needs for a simplified deployment and operation model, high performance for Oracle RAC software, and lower total cost of ownership (TCO). This document introduces the Cisco Unified Computing System and provides instructions for implementing it; it concludes with an analysis of the cluster's performance and reliability characteristics.

    IntroductionData powers essentially every operation in a modern enterprise, from keeping the supply chain operating efficiently to managing relationships with customers. Oracle RAC brings an innovative approach to the challenges of rapidly increasing amounts of data and demand for high performance. Oracle RAC uses a horizontal scaling (or scale-out) model that allows organizations to take advantage of the fact that the price of one-to-four-socket x86-architecture servers continues to drop while their processing power increases unabated. The clustered approach allows each server to contribute its processing power to the overall cluster's capacity, enabling a new approach to managing the cluster's performance and capacity.Corporate Headquarters:

    Copyright 2011 Cisco

    Cisco Systems, Inc., 170 West Tasman Drive, San Jose, CA 95134-1706 USA

  • IntroductionLeadership From CiscoCisco is the undisputed leader in providing network connectivity in enterprise data centers. With the introduction of the Cisco Unified Computing System, Cisco is now equipped to provide the entire clustered infrastructure for Oracle RAC deployments. The Cisco Unified Computing System provides compute, network, virtualization, and storage access resources that are centrally controlled and managed as a single cohesive system. With the capability to centrally manage both blade and rack-mount servers, the Cisco Unified Computing System provides an ideal foundation for Oracle RAC deployments.Historically, enterprise database management systems have run on costly symmetric multiprocessing servers that use a vertical scaling (or scale-up) model. However, as the cost of one-to-four-socket x86-architecture servers continues to drop while their processing power increases, a new model has emerged. Oracle RAC uses a horizontal scaling, or scale-out, model, in which the active-active cluster uses multiple servers, each contributing its processing power to the cluster, increasing performance, scalability, and availability. The cluster balances the workload across the servers in the cluster, and the cluster can provide continuous availability in the event of a failure.

    Oracle Certified ConfigurationAll components in an Oracle RAC implementation must work together flawlessly, and Cisco has worked closely with EMC and Oracle to create, test, and certify a configuration of Oracle RAC on the Cisco Unified Computing System. Cisco's Oracle Certified Configurations provide an implementation of Oracle Database with Real Application Clusters technology consistent with industry best practices. For back-end SAN storage, the certification environment included an EMC VNX storage system with a mix of SAS drives and state-of-the-art Flash drives (FDs) to further speed performance.

    Benefits of the ConfigurationThe Oracle Certified Configuration of Oracle RAC on the Cisco Unified Computing System offers a number of important benefits.

    Simplified Deployment and Operation

    Because the entire cluster runs on a single cohesive system, database administrators no longer need to painstakingly configure each element in the hardware stack independently. The system's compute, network, and storage-access resources are essentially stateless, provisioned dynamically by Cisco UCS Manager. This role-based and policy-based embedded management system handles every aspect of system configuration, from a server's firmware and identity settings to the network connections that connect storage traffic to the destination storage system. This capability dramatically simplifies the process of scaling an Oracle RAC configuration or rehosting an existing node on an upgrade server. Cisco UCS Manager uses the concept of service profiles and service profile templates to consistently and accurately configure resources. The system automatically configures and deploys servers in minutes, rather than the hours or days required by traditional systems composed of discrete, separately managed components. Indeed, Cisco UCS Manager can simplify server deployment to the point where it can automatically discover, provision, and deploy a new blade server when it is inserted into a chassis.The system is based on a 10-Gbps unified network fabric that radically simplifies cabling at the rack level by consolidating both IP and Fiber Channel traffic onto the same rack-level 10-G

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