“Old Style” Libraries, Digital Libraries:

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Old Style Libraries, Digital Libraries:. Convergences, Divergences, And the Troubles in Between. What is a Digital Library?. Physical Libraries :. Bound to the medium of the book Embodiment of the sedimented values & practices of print culture, including - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Old Style Libraries,Digital Libraries:Convergences,Divergences,And the Troubles in BetweenWhat is a Digital Library?Physical Libraries :Bound to the medium of the bookEmbodiment of the sedimented values & practices of print culture, includingFixity of the print artifact / manufactured objectFinite set of well-known paths to itemsBuilt-in structures of legitimation & authorityImportance of local repositories Library FunctionIdentify, acquire, organize, support, and preserve cultural and intellectual expression in its recorded formsCore values:Unfettered availability of all materials to meet educational, cultural, intellectual, civic, and personal needsCommitment to standard methods & practices in service of resource sharing & open accessPreserve the cllection, i.e. keep it permanently accessibleLibrary Function, contdLibraries as cultural heritage institutionsLibraries as embedded in larger social systems:Communities (cities, towns)Colleges & universitiesCorporations & similar organizationsLibrary as social / physical / virtual nexus for the cultural & intellectual recordRepository & Service RolesAll true libraries are defined by coherent and carefully assembled collections keyed to specific domains, with services supporting associated user needs. For example:Public Libraries general readersCollege Libraries undergraduate learningUniversity Libraries advanced learning & researchSpecial Libraries corporate or organizational researchBrowsing & SerendipityPhysical libraries, through their classified grouping of related items in open book-stacks, have long supported two key aspects of learning & intellectual inquiry:Browsing of related itemsSerendipitous encounters with unexpected or previously unknown ideas & materials Deep AccessIndexical and Research AidsLibraries incorporate structured tools for analytical access to buried information, including indexes & abstracts, reference compendia, bibliographies & finding aids, and experienced intelligent human agents, also known as reference librarians.Libraries as Filtering SystemsLibraries are (medium independent) complex and layered filtering and access systems for aggregating cultural and intellectual materialsfor providing efficient routes into the specific content of those materialsEvolutionary Models:From Physical to DigitalLibrary Web Sites as Digital Gateways:Villanova Library Web siteEntry point to content & resources accessible elsewhereDelivery medium for new digital servicesProvides information architecture for wide array of heterogeneous items (databases, journals, e-books, research aids, etc.)"Internet Public LibraryMore generic approach for general Web usersOnline Books Page (UPenn)Libraries as Content Creators:Phase IConvert physical items for digital accessDescribe items for access in online environmentFrom cataloging to metadata Provide enhanced searchabilityMake unique local resources universally availableSustain commitment to ideal of coherent collectionsLibrary Content Creators:Some ExamplesMaking of America (Mellon cooperative) Electronic Text Center (UVa)Perseus Project (Tufts)Digital Bridges (Lehigh)Irish Press -- (Villanova) [Netscape view]Irish Press (Villanova) [IE View]Digital Conversion:Project ChallengesLack of standardsLack of robust, fully-functional softwareMetadata requirementsDescriptiveStructuralNeed to replicate some aspects of physical artifactLack of integration with other servicesSome Broader ProjectsCalifornia Digital Library (CDL@UC)National Science Digital Library (NSF)Association for Computing MachineryThe Realities of the Information Age (David Lankes, Syracuse University)Information (and Knowledge) has Escaped the Confines of TextA Digit is a DigitThe Computer Science Community is UnpreparedDigital Preservation, Digital Libraries without Name Authority, the Hidden WebLibrarians at the mercy of the Computer ScientistsThe Cultural Shift(Lankes, again)Librarianship as a Technical SkillLibrarians as the Knowledge the Guides the Information AgeConscience of the Computer ScientistPartnersActive and Advocate for Those We ServeEntice our Partners to Solve our ProblemsSolve our Own ProblemsAnd benefit from the solutionsConvergence of Traditional & Digital:Mature Library Technology EnvironmentPortals & personalizationFederated searching / Meta-searching / XML gatewaysSRW / SRUVirtual referenceCourse Management software resource integrationDesktop delivery of shared / converted documentsScholarly Publishing and Academic Resources CoalitionInstitutional RepositoriesTechnology-mediated research skills trainingPush toward digitization of Special Collections and other unique materialsDigital Rights ManagementKey Digital Library InitiativesGoogle print (U of Michigan, Stanford, NYPL, Harvard, BL, etc.)Million books projectOpen Archives InitiativeMetadata HarvestingNetworked Digital Library of Electronic Theses & DissertationsScholarly Publishing and Academic Resource CoalitionDigital Library Federation standardsFedora projectQuestions?