Old Stone Age Rock Painting

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Stone Age, Rock Painting, Prehistoric Time, Developmental Reading 1, Introduction to Developmental Reading 1

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<ul><li> 1. English 4 (Developmental Reading 1)Offer # 4081 (TF 7:30 a.m 9:00 a.m.)Group Reporting (Group 1)Instructor: Dr. Rizalina E. Ocaya</li></ul> <p> 2. Old Stone Age 3. The Stone Age is a broad prehistoricperiod during which stone was widelyused to make implements with a sharpedge, a point, or a percussion surface.The period lasted roughly 3.4 millionyears, and ended between 6000 BCEand 2000 BCE with the advent ofmetalworking. 4. Stone Age artifacts include tools usedby humans and by their predecessorspecies in the genus Homo, as well asthe earlier partly contemporaneousgenera Australopithecus andParanthropus. Bone tools were usedduring this period as well but are rarelypreserved in the archaeological record. 5. Stone tools 6. The Stone Age is the first of the three-agesystem of archaeology, whichdivides human technological prehistoryinto three periods: The Stone Age The Bronze Age The Iron Age 7. Historical Significance 8. The Stone Age is contemporaneous with theevolution of the genus Homo, the onlyexception possibly being at the verybeginning, when species prior to Homo mayhave manufactured tools. According to theage and location of the current evidence, thecradle of the genus is the East African RiftSystem, especially toward the north inEthiopia, where it is bordered by grasslands. 9. Beginning of Stone AgeDuring 2010, fossilised animal bonesbearing marks from stone tools were foundin the Lower Awash Valley in Ethiopia.Discovered by an international team led byShannon McPherron, at 3.4 million yearsold they are the oldest evidence of stonetool use ever found anywhere in the world. 10. End of Stone AgeInnovation of the technique of smeltingore ended the Stone Age and began theBronze Age. The first most significantmetal manufactured was bronze, analloy of copper and tin, each of whichwas smelted separately. 11. The transition from the Stone Age tothe Bronze Age was a period duringwhich modern people could smeltcopper, but did not yet manufacturebronze, a time known as the CopperAge, or more technically theChalcolithic, "copper-stone" age. 12. The Chalcolithic by convention is the initialperiod of the Bronze Age and isunquestionably part of the Age of Metals.The Bronze Age was followed by the IronAge. During this entire time stone remainedin use in parallel with the metals for someobjects, including those also used in theNeolithic, such as stone pottery. 13. The transition out of the StoneAge occurred between 6000BCE and 2500 BCE for much ofhumanity living in North Africaand Eurasia. 14. The first evidence of human metallurgydates to between the 5th and 6thmillennium BCE in the archaeologicalsites of Majdanpek, Yarmovac andPlonik (a copper axe from 5500 BCEbelonging to the Vinca culture), 15. though not conventionally consideredpart of the Chalcolithic or "CopperAge", this provides the earliest knownexample of copper metallurgy and theRudna Glava mine in Serbia. 16. tzi the Iceman, a mummy from about3300 BCE carried with him a copperaxe and a flint knife. 17. Old Stone AgeRock Painting 18. Prehistoric art is visible in the artifacts.Prehistoric music is inferred from foundinstruments, while parietal art can befound on rocks of any kind. The latterare petroglyphs and rock paintings. Theart may or may not have had a religiousfunction. 19. Petroglyphs appeared in the Neolithic. APetroglyph is an intaglio abstract orsymbolic image engraved on naturalstone by various methods, usually byprehistoric peoples. They were adominant form of pre-writing symbols. 20. Petroglyphs have been discovered indifferent parts of the world, includingAsia (Bhimbetka, India), NorthAmerica (Death Valley National Park),South America (Cumbe Mayo, Peru),and Europe (Finnmark, Norway). 21. Petroglyphs 22. In paleolithic times, mostly animalswere painted, in theory ones that wereused as food or represented strength,such as the rhinoceros or large cats (asin the Chauvet Cave). Signs such asdots were sometimes drawn. Rarehuman representations includehandprints and half-human/half-animalfigures. 23. The Cave of Chauvet in the Ardchedpartement, France, contains the mostimportant cave paintings of the paleolithicera, dating from about 31,000 BCE. TheAltamira cave paintings in Spain were done14,000 to 12,000 BCE and show, amongothers, bisons. The hall of bulls in Lascaux,Dordogne, France, dates from about 15,000to 10,000 BCE. 24. The meaning of many of thesepaintings remains unknown. They mayhave been used for seasonal rituals. Theanimals are accompanied by signs thatsuggest a possible magic use. 25. Rock Paintings 26. Modern interpretation of the bison from theAltamira cave ceiling, one of the mostfamous paintings in the cave. 27. Old Stone Age Rock PaintingPresenters:Adami, Girlie E.Arrieta, Mark Anthony G.Chaves, Soren Amcil L.Chaves, Diana C.Lumajang, Junderick A.Macalaguing, Jay Ann B. </p>

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