oi illness

Download Oi illness

Post on 16-Apr-2017




1 download

Embed Size (px)


The osteogenesis imperfecta

The osteogenesis imperfectaBY : Natalia and MaraWe hope you like it

What is it?The Osteogenesis Imperfecta also known as brittle bone disease, makes weaken bones and causes them to break easily without any apparent cause. OI can also cause other problems such as weak muscles. Brittle : frgilWeakens : debilitaOI: osteogenesis imperfecta

What causes the osteogenesis imperfecta?

OI is a genetic defect in the bones. Genes contain all the information about our family similar and are the cause of the similarity between members of the same family . Everyone has two copies of each gene, one from each parent.

Each of the genes is related to the production of collagen in the body .Collagen is the material that helps keep bones strong.When these genes stop working it is not enough collagen produced does not work properly.This causes the bones to weaken and break easily .

People with osteogenesis imperfecta have brittle bones. OI can range from mild to severe and symptoms are different in each person. Some of the symptoms that could show people with osteogenesis imperfecta are:

bone malformations ,short and small body,weak muscles ,triangular face,curved spine ,brittle teeth ,breathing problems,

What are the simtoms of the osteogenesis imperfecta

There are eight types of OI .People with type 1 tend to have mild symptoms. People with types 4, 5 and 6 usually have mild symptoms . People with Type 2 , 3, 7 and 8 tend to have severe symptoms . Previously , it was thought that there were 4 types of OI but scientists found that even the symptoms that appear to be the same in a group of patients , problems can be caused by different genes. That is why we now talk about eight, not four types of osteogenesis imperfecta.What types of osteogenesis imperfecta there ?

What is the treatment of the osteogenesis imperfecta

Although there is no cure for this disease, you can relieve symptoms. Treatment for osteogenesis imperfecta may include:Using well chairSurgeryDon`t smokeDont drinkTry to make your muscles strongETC

EXTRAAAThere is no specific test that can diagnose osteogenesis imperfecta. To make the diagnosis , doctors use :family medical history ,medical history of the patient,Physical exam,Radiographs

It is estimated that in the United States , although the number of people affected is one of 20,000. 50,000 people suffer from this disease.