NASA Missions. The Moon APOLLO (1963 – 1972) Goal: To put a man on the Moon Apollo 8 and 10: Orbited Moon Apollo 11 – 17 (except 13): Landed on Moon

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> NASA Missions </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> The Moon </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> APOLLO (1963 1972) Goal: To put a man on the Moon Apollo 8 and 10: Orbited Moon Apollo 11 17 (except 13): Landed on Moon and returned </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> LEM Command Module </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> The Outer Planets </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Voyager 1 and 2 Goal: To study the Outer Planets; Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune (1977 present) </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> The Voyagers are now the most distant human-made objects. Voyager 2 examined Jupiter and Saturn and then became the only spacecraft ever to visit Uranus and Neptune. </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> Jupiter </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> Galileo Goal: To photograph and study Jupiter and its Moons, and follow-up on some of the discoveries of Voyager 1989 - 2003 </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> Jupiter and Io </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> Io Europa </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> Tvashtar New Horizons pic 2007 volcano aurora </li> <li> Slide 17 </li> <li> Asteroid Ida and satellite Galileo took over 14000 pictures of Jupiter, its Moons, asteroids, the Earth and Moon </li> <li> Slide 18 </li> <li> Saturn </li> <li> Slide 19 </li> <li> Cassini 1997 - present Goal: To photograph and study Saturn and its Moons </li> <li> Slide 20 </li> <li> Saturn and Mimas </li> <li> Slide 21 </li> <li> Slide 22 </li> <li> Slide 23 </li> <li> Huygens Cassini carried the ESA lander Huygens, which landed on the moon Titan in January, 2005 </li> <li> Slide 24 </li> <li> Mars </li> <li> Slide 25 </li> <li> Mars Rovers (2003 present) Spirit and Opportunity Goal: To search for proof of water and signs of life </li> <li> Slide 26 </li> <li> The Rovers landed on Mars in 2003 and have found proof that water once existed on Mars. They have taken over 60000 pictures, roamed the planet, bored holes into rock and discovered what it is made of </li> <li> Slide 27 </li> <li> Curiosity Huge Mars rover (weighs over a ton) launched 11/26/2011 Arrived August 2012 </li> <li> Slide 28 </li> <li> Asteroids </li> <li> Slide 29 </li> <li> Dawn (Sept. 2007 - ) Will orbit the two largest objects in the asteroid belt, Ceres and Vesta. It went into orbit around Vesta in 2011. Dawn has an Ion Engine which uses electromagnetism and Xenon gas to create plasma. It has accelerated the ship to 78,000 mph. It carries a camera and spectrometer. </li> <li> Slide 30 </li> <li> Vesta 2011 </li> <li> Slide 31 </li> <li> Mercury </li> <li> Slide 32 </li> <li> Messenger MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry and Ranging Launched: summer of 2004, started orbiting Mercury in 2011 Goal: To map Mercury </li> <li> Slide 33 </li> <li> Slide 34 </li> <li> Comets </li> <li> Slide 35 </li> <li> Comet Missions Stardust (1999 present): In 2004, flew through the debris of Comet Wild 2, collecting samples. It returned those to Earth in January, 2006. Those samples included the amino acid glycene, which is a building block of proteins. </li> <li> Slide 36 </li> <li> Deep Impact (launched January, 2005): smashed a 820 lb. mass into comet Tempel 1 July, 2006, to observe the impact, crater, and analyze the ejecta. </li> <li> Slide 37 </li> <li> Pluto </li> <li> Slide 38 </li> <li> New Horizons Launched Jan. 2006. Will arrive at Pluto in 2015. First spacecraft ever sent to Pluto, it will continue on to study Kuiper Belt objects through 2020. </li> <li> Slide 39 </li> <li> Slide 40 </li> <li> Space Observatories </li> <li> Slide 41 </li> <li> SOHO the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory Carries 12 different scientific instruments, including spectroscopes, an ultraviolet camera and a oscillation detector. </li> <li> Slide 42 </li> <li> Chandra Chandra X-Ray Observatory Looks at the Universe in X-rays SN 1987a </li> <li> Slide 43 </li> <li> Chandra </li> <li> Slide 44 </li> <li> Hubble Space Telescope Launched in 1990. Has a huge optical telescope, a wide field camera, an infrared spectrometer and a spectrograph </li> <li> Slide 45 </li> <li> Slide 46 </li> <li> Hubbles replacement: James Webb Space Telescope Expected launch 2018. Big optical telescope with strong infrared capabilities </li> <li> Slide 47 </li> <li> Fermi Gamma ray Large Area Space Telescope Launched in 2008. Studying gamma rays with a precision never before seen over a wide viewing area, also allowing the detection of gamma ray bursts. </li> <li> Slide 48 </li> <li> WISE / NEOWISE Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer Launched in 2009. Took pictures of the whole sky in four different bandwidths of infrared. It has identified hundreds of undiscovered asteroids and comets, which could pose a threat to Earth. Put in hibernation in 2011, reactivated in 2013 to look for NEOs. WISEs First Asteroid 1/22/10 </li> <li> Slide 49 </li> <li> Kepler Searching a small area of the sky for planets Launched March 2009. Continuously looking at 150,000 sun-like stars for changes in the amount of light, which would indicate planets. </li> <li> Slide 50 </li> <li> International Space Station (2000 present) The goal is to have a manned presence in space </li> <li> Slide 51 </li> <li> Space Shuttle Designed to save money as a reusable launch vehicle into space </li> <li> Slide 52 </li> <li> Constellation &amp; Ares Back to the Moon 2020? Ares carries cargo Constellation carries people to join up with Ares </li> </ul>