music theory booklet

Download Music Theory Booklet

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Easy booklet for helping anyone with music theory basics.

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  • (1) Furze Platt Senior School

    Basic Music Theory

    and History for GCSE: A Students Guide

    G. Bunce

    Name: ____________________________

  • (2) Furze Platt Senior School

    Contents List

    Reading Music 1: .............................................................................................................................................. 3 1.1 Pitch .................................................................................................................................................... 3 1.2 Lines and other bits............................................................................................................................. 4 1.3 Accidentals.......................................................................................................................................... 4 1.4 Ledger lines......................................................................................................................................... 5

    Reading Music 2: .............................................................................................................................................. 6 2.1 Rhythm.......................................................................................................................................... 6 2.2 Dots & Ties ................................................................................................................................... 6 2.3 Time Signatures & Bar lines......................................................................................................... 7 2.4 Grouping Rhythms.............................................................................................................................. 7 2.5 Note tail direction ............................................................................................................................... 8 2.6 Rests.................................................................................................................................................... 8

    Simply Boredom ............................................................................................................................................... 9 Reading Music 3: .............................................................................................................................................. 9

    3.1 Simple & Compound Time Signatures ............................................................................................... 9 3.2 Dynamics .......................................................................................................................................... 10 3.3 Signs, Symbols, & Abbreviations..................................................................................................... 11

    Sonatina........................................................................................................................................................... 13 Scales & Harmony 4: ...................................................................................................................................... 14

    4.1 Tones & Semitones ........................................................................................................................... 14 4.2 Major Scales...................................................................................................................................... 14 4.3 Minor Scales ..................................................................................................................................... 15 4.4 Key Signatures .................................................................................................................................. 16 3.5 Minor Key Signature......................................................................................................................... 17 4.6 Pentatonic Scales .............................................................................................................................. 18 4.7 Chords ............................................................................................................................................... 18 4.8 Inversions.......................................................................................................................................... 19 4.9 Arpeggios.......................................................................................................................................... 19

    The Orchestra: 4.............................................................................................................................................. 20 Italian Terms: 6 ............................................................................................................................................... 22 Ornaments: 7................................................................................................................................................... 22 Melodic & Rhythmic Devices: 8 .................................................................................................................... 22 Melodic & Rhythmic Devices: 8 .................................................................................................................... 23 Intervals: 9 ...................................................................................................................................................... 24 Music History 1600-1899: 10 ......................................................................................................................... 25

    10.1 Opera & Oratorio ............................................................................................................................ 26 10.2 Instrumental music.......................................................................................................................... 27

    Chords, Cadences, & Modulation: 11............................................................................................................. 28 11.1 Labeling chords............................................................................................................................... 28 11.2 Cadences ......................................................................................................................................... 28 11.3 Modulation...................................................................................................................................... 29 11.4 How does a piece of music modulate ?........................................................................................... 29

    Musical Elements: 12...................................................................................................................................... 32

  • (3) Furze Platt Senior School

    Basic Music Theory

    This guide will take you through the basics of music theory that you need to know for your GCSE. You must try very hard to learn to read music as you will be presented with it in your listening exam and be expected to learn a piece to perform (from music) for your practical exam. Unlike at KS3, all musical examples given to you at GCSE will NOT have the letters underneath. Reading music is easy! Throughout the worksheets, there will be weblinks that you can use. These will take you to some of the examples used in class. To save you typing out the addresses, why not download this handout from First Class. You will be using this pack through out your GCSE and it will be essential for your revision. Therefore, do not loose it and make sure you bring it to every lesson.

    Reading Music 1: 1.1 Pitch http://www.musictheory.net/lessons/html/id10_en.html

  • (4) Furze Platt Senior School

    The best way to learn to read pitch is to use rhymes. Add the letters and rhymes to this piano music.

    1.2 Lines and other bits Note that the music above has both a treble & bass clef. Mark these on the worksheet. Also mark the following words.

    Stave Brace (keyboard music) Bar line Double bar (end)

    1.3 Accidentals Accidental is the collective name for sharps, flats and naturals. These are to do with the black notes on the keyboard. You teacher will go through them with you. Write things down on the staves below.

  • (5) Furze Platt Senior School

    1.4 Ledger lines If you look at the music and keyboard on the last page you will note that only a very small part of the keyboard is covered by the bass and treble clefs. To go higher or lower, you have to add ledger lines.

    HWK: Complete the note-naming exercises given to you. Hand your work in next lesson.

  • (6) Furze Platt Senior School

    Reading Music 2: 2.1 Rhythm http://www.musictheory.net/lessons/html/id11_en.html Write the names and values of the following notes

    2.2 Dots & Ties http://www.musictheory.net/lessons/html/id14_en.html Dots mean that you add half the note value to the note Ties allow you to hold notes, particularly over bar lines

  • (7) Furze Platt Senior School

    2.3 Time Signatures & Bar lines http://www.musictheory.net/lessons/html/id12_en.html Your teacher will explain how time signatures work using the web link above. Make notes on the staves below:

    2.4 Grouping Rhythms To make music look less complicated, rhythms are often grouped into beats. Your teacher will show you some examples for you to copy down

  • (8) Furze Platt Senior School

    2.5 Note tail direction

    2.6 Rests http://www.musictheory.net/lessons/html/id13_en.html Write in one rest at each place marked with a *

    Revision:

    1. Learn to play Simply Boredom 2.

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