Music History - Farmington Jr. High Mu ?? · Ancient Music Inlaid Panel from Ur, ca. 2600 B.C.E. showing a bull lyre being played at a victory banquet (Norton History of Western Music)

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  • Music History

  • There are 6 Musical Eras

    1. Medieval Period

    2. Renaissance Period

    3. Baroque Period

    4. Classical Period

    5. Romantic Period

    6. 20th Century

  • Ancient Music

    Inlaid Panel from Ur,

    ca. 2600 B.C.E.

    showing a bull lyre

    being played at a

    victory banquet

    (Norton History of Western Music)

  • Greek red-

    figure

    drinking cups

    showing

  • Image found on a sarcophagus

    depicting a roman funeral procession

    http://www.museumsyndicate.com/item.php?item=36660

  • Papyrus

    fragment ca. 200

    B.C.E. with part

    of a chorus from

    Euripides

    Orestes.

    (Norton History of Western Music)

  • The Medieval Period

    Time: Approximately 500 1450 A.D

  • The Medieval Period

    Most music was sacred (church music)

    Plainsong or Chant -

    One vocal part

    Gregorian Chant

    Roman Catholic Church wanted to standardize

    the Mass and chant

    Most composers are not known.

  • Troubadours

    During the late Medieval period the troubadour came

    into existence.

    Troubadour - A composer/performer of poetry

    Made a living as an entertainer.

    Hired by wealthy nobles.

    Most were not simply wandering entertainers.

    Similar to a minstrel

    Most played instruments or sang their stories.

  • Instruments

    Pan Pipes

    Lute

    Psaltery

    Jaw Harp

    Hurdy Gurdy

    Zither

  • Hammered Dulcimer

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MJDuh

    olrvok

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MJDuholrvok

  • https://www.youtube.com/watc

    h?v=yxBT1pfVAKQ

    LOrfeo

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yxBT1pfVAKQ

  • Music Notation

    Music was generally passed on orally. Eventually

    music began to be notated, though without a staff, and

    this is where our modern music notation originated.

  • Need to Know

    Sacred music:

    Gregorian Chant one vocal part

    No composers

    Music passed on orally.

    2 instruments

    What a Troubadour is

  • The Renaissance Period

    Approximately 1450-1600

  • The Medieval Period

    Time: Approximately 500 1450 A.D

  • The Renaissance

    Period of intellectual rebirth

    arts flourished and ideas and intellectual pursuits were highly

    valued.

    Music still dominated by the church but now with

    harmonies.

    Secular music begins(non-religious).

    Polyphony- having more than one note

    The Printing Press made distribution of music possible

    on a wide scale.

    Demand for music as entertainment and as an activity for

    educated amateurs increased.

  • Early Staff Notation

  • Renaissance Instruments

    Slide

    Trumpet

    Shawm

    CornettoSerpent (largest Cornetto)

    Irish Harp

    Viol

  • Notable Composer

    William Byrd

    (c. 15401623)

    English composer

    Printed and published music

    Wrote secular and sacred music

    Was Catholic but served the Church

    of England as an organist and

    choirmaster

  • Other Composers

    Giovanni Pierluigi da

    Palestrina, c. 15251594

    Claudio Monteverdi, 1567

    1643

    Giovanni Gabrieli

    (c. 1554/1557 1612).

  • Need to Know

    Secular music (non-religious) makes an

    entrance.

    The name of at least 1 composer.

    2 instruments.

    What polyphony

    Printing began in this period to help with

    the distribution of music.

  • PowerPoint by owyn Fair

    https://musicadventures.wordpress.com/201

    4/02/24/periods-of-classical-music-

    powerpoint-lessons/

    https://musicadventures.wordpress.com/2014/02/24/periods-of-classical-music-powerpoint-lessons/

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